The New Orleans Tribune was a newspaper serving the African-American community of New Orleans, Louisiana. It was the first Black daily newspaper in the United States.

History

The Tribune was founded in 1864 by Dr. Louis Charles Roudanez, a free man of color. He had also published L'Union, which had folded earlier that year. The Tribune was the first Black daily newspaper published in the United States, and the first bilingual one; it was published in French and English.[1]

Born in Louisiana, Roudanez had studied in Paris, France to become a doctor and received additional medical training at Dartmouth College to become a doctor.[2][3]

In addition to his medical practice, Dr. Roudanez founded two newspapers. He founded L'Union in 1862, which folded, and the Tribune in 1864. He published his paper in French and English, as a large part of the New Orleans population, both whites and Creoles of color, was still French speaking. It was the first bilingual and daily, black newspaper in the United States.[3][2] [4][5]

Jean-Charles Houzeau, a Francophone astronomer, author, and abolitionist from Belgium, worked with Roudanez at both his newspapers, beginning in 1864. He wrote an account of these experiences, along with the volcanic politics of the day, My Passage at the New Orleans Tribune: A Memoir of the Civil War Era, which was first published in French in Belgium.[6]

During Reconstruction, there was strong competition within the Republican Party in Louisiana. Severe intraparty feuding took place over Republican political candidates for the 1868 gubernatorial election. Some local men of color such as Roudanez, who had achieved education and social standing before the war, were opposed to white "carpetbaggers" (men from the North) running as candidates.

The paper lost national Republican Party support and closed in 1870. It was briefly revived after the election of Northern Republican Henry C. Warmoth as governor of the state.

Legacy

References

  1. ^ Cowan, Thomas; Maguire, Jack (1994). Timelines of African American History: 500 Years of Black Achievement. New York: Berkley Pub. Group. p. 89. ISBN 9780399521270.
  2. ^ a b "Roudanez, Louis Charles (1823-1890)". Blackpast.org. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Isaacson, Walter (August 4, 2020). "Life of a Klansman Tells Ugly Truths About America, Past and Present". The New York Times. Retrieved February 28, 2021.
  4. ^ "Louis C. Roudanez, doctor and businessman". African American Registry. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  5. ^ "New Orleans Tribune", Congressional Record, Washington DC, July 23, 2014
  6. ^ Houzeau, Jean-Charles (2001). My Passage at the New Orleans Tribune: A Memoir of the Civil War Era. LSU Press. ISBN 9780807167236.
  7. ^ Roudané, Mark Charles (July 20, 2014). "Just Released: The New Orleans Tribune, An Introduction to America's First Black Daily Newspaper" (announcement). H-Net – Humanities & Social Sciences Online. Archived from the original on 2016-03-08.