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The Polygon
The Polygon

The Polygon (or simply Polygon) is an area in the city of Southampton, England.

The area is located north of the Western Esplanade, Commercial Road and Cumberland Place; east of Hill Lane and Rollesbrook Greenway; south of Archers Road; and west of Dorset street and The Avenue (A33).[1] The area notably encompass Watts Park, Southampton Central railway station, Southampton Crown Court and the Maritime & Coastguard Agency. The residential area consists of largely Edwardian red brick houses.


The name originates from a planned grand 22-acre (89,000 m2) development in this area – a twelve-sided polygon that would comprise houses, hotels, assembly rooms and a tavern. The design was the brainchild of architect Jacob Leroux, who saw it as Southampton's answer to Bath's Royal Crescent. Construction began in 1768, but only the hotel and three houses were completed when one of the investors went bankrupt and the project stalled. The hotel opened in 1773, although it did not do very good business.[2]

In the Victorian era, many more houses, typical of the time, were built on the surrounding land, forming the area and buildings known as The Polygon today.

The original Polygon Hotel was demolished in the 1780s; a new Polygon Hotel was constructed in Victorian times, which became a notable place to stay in Southampton, with guests including boxer Muhammad Ali, and comedians Tommy Cooper and Morecambe and Wise. Many passengers on the RMS Titanic had stayed here before sailing. The hotel fell into decline, however, and was replaced in 1999 with a block of flats.[3]


There is a secondary school: St Anne's Catholic School,[4] a primary school: Springhill Catholic Primary School,[5] a special school: The Polygon School[6] and a language college: Southampton Language College.[7]

Places of interest


  1. ^ "The Polygon". Hampshire Police. Hampshire Police. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  2. ^ Peter Neal (15 May 2014). The Story of Southampton. The History Press. pp. 80–85. ISBN 9780750958615.
  3. ^ "Polygon ten years but not forgotten".
  4. ^ St Annes School Southampton ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ Springhill Catholic School ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ The Polygon School Retrieved 8 September 2014. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "". Southampton Language College. Retrieved 8 September 2014.

Coordinates: 50°54′35″N 1°24′33″W / 50.9098°N 1.4092°W / 50.9098; -1.4092