The Upturned Glass
Theatrical release poster
Directed byLawrence Huntington
Written byPamela Kellino
Jno. P. Monaghan
Produced byBetty E. Box
Sydney Box
James Mason
StarringJames Mason
Rosamund John
Pamela Kellino
CinematographyReginald H. Wyer
Edited byAlan Osbiston
Music byBernard Stevens
Production
company
Triton Films
Distributed byGeneral Film Distributors (UK)
Universal (USA)
Release date
17 June 1947
Running time
90 minutes
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
Budget£196,000[1]
Box office£211,300 (by Dec 1949)[1]

The Upturned Glass is a 1947 British film noir psychological thriller directed by Lawrence Huntington and starring James Mason, Rosamund John and Pamela Kellino. The screenplay concerns a leading brain surgeon who murders a woman he believes to be responsible for the death of the woman he loved.[2]

It was made at Gainsborough Pictures' Islington Studios, with sets designed by the art director Andrew Mazzei. It was made as an independent production overseen by Sydney Box, then head of Gainsborough.

Plot

Michael Joyce, a Harley Street brain specialist, unhappily married and separated from his wife, falls in love with Emma Wright (Rosamund John) when she brings her young daughter Ann (Ann Stephens) for consultation. Unfortunately, neither is free to marry, so the affair ends almost as soon as it begins. Later, however, Emma dies after a fall from her country manor's second-story bedroom window. Upon hearing of the tragedy, Michael attends the coroner's inquest, where Ann and Emma's sister-in-law, Kate Howard, testify. Emma's death is ruled accidental, but Michael suspects foul play. To gain information, he romances Kate, who is unaware that Michael was Emma's lover though she knew Emma was seeing someone. Eventually, Michael learns that Kate intended to blackmail Emma for financial gain. He considers the situation a misjustice and resolves to take matters into his own hands.

One afternoon, Michael drives Kate to Emma's country house, where Michael maneuvers her into the same upper-story bedroom from which Kate fell. He then carries out his revenge, pushing Kate out the same window. Retrieving her corpse from the courtyard below and placing it in the car's back, he drives toward the cliffs just over the sea, where he intends to dispose of Kate's body. On the way, however, he encounters a stranded doctor, a general practitioner, who begs a ride. He asks to be driven to the home of one of his patients, a young woman whose survival is unlikely. But when Michael, brought along by the GP for a second opinion, examines the woman, he decides there might be a chance to save her. And to the immense relief of the patient's family, he succeeds in saving her life.

Resuming his trek toward the sea with Kate's body, he undergoes the realization that he is not "perfectly sane" and that perhaps his status as a "valuable member of society" is indeed questionable. He stands at the edge of the cliff and looks down toward the sea -- and then, just as in the case of both Emma and Kate, he falls downward to his own death.

Cast

Production

In the mid 1940s James Mason was the biggest star in British films, coming off successes like They Were Sisters, The Seventh Veil and The Wicked Lady.

Mason and his then wife, Pamela Kellino (Mason), had originally planned to develop a film on the Brontë family entitled The Upturned Glass, written by Pamela and starring James as Branwell Brontë. They dropped the idea after learning of the Hollywood production Devotion, and instead developed a psychological thriller under the same title, in which both Masons would play leading roles.

The film was based on a story by American serviceman Jno. P. Monaghan, whom the Masons had befriended when touring the US for the American Red Cross. Kellino and Monaghan worked on the story together, and Monaghan appeared in a small role as an American military truck driver.[3][4] In the original draft of the script, Mason was to play a detective and the film was to focus around a school mistress. However after Mason was unable to secure the services of the actors they wanted, Celia Johnson and Phyllis Calvert, the script was rewritten.[5] The new script had nothing to do with an upturned glass but they decided to keep the title because it had received considerable publicity.[6]

James Mason co-produced the film with Sydney Box, with whom he had previously worked on the Academy-Award-winning The Seventh Veil. For his work on The Upturned Glass, Mason, who at the time had "enormous drawing power", received the equivalent of $240,000 in U.S. dollars, plus a percentage of the profits.[4]

The project was announced in February 1946 with the co stars originally to be Kellino, Rosamund John and Robert Newton. It was to follow production of Odd Man Out. Mason was doing the film under his contract with Rank, having turned down Hungry Hill.[7]

Filming began at Riverside Studio in June 1946.[8]

Mason made it just before leaving for the US.[6]

In March 1947 J Arthur Rank sent editor Allan Obiston to the USA for Mason's thoughts on the cut.[9]

Reception

Box office

According to trade papers, the film was a "notable box office attraction" at British cinemas in 1947.[10][11]

It earned a reported profit of £45,800.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c Andrew Spicer, Sydney Box Manchester Uni Press 2006 p 210
  2. ^ "The Upturned Glass (1947)". Bfi.org.uk. British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 13 January 2009. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  3. ^ "Story Written By U.S. Soldier". The Advocate (Daily ed.). Burnie, Tasmania: National Library of Australia. 9 December 1949. p. 16. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
  4. ^ a b Sweeney, Kevin (1999). James Mason: A Bio-Bibliography. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. p. 15. ISBN 978-0313284960.
  5. ^ "Cinema: Garden Notes What will Hollywood do to JAMES MASON?". The Mercury. Tasmania, Australia. 26 October 1946. p. 3 (The Mercury Magazine). Retrieved 25 June 2020 – via Trove.
  6. ^ a b FROM LONDON'S STUDIOS: Back-Seat Driving-British Style By C.A. LEJEUNE. New York Times 21 July 1946: X3.
  7. ^ "James Mason Signed". Variety. 13 February 1946.
  8. ^ "Star British Team At Work Again". The Sun. New South Wales, Australia. 7 February 1946. p. 13 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved 25 June 2020 – via Trove.
  9. ^ A SHIVERING LONDON LOOKS AT THE MOVIES: Cold Cuts Theatre Attendance and Slows Production, but Planning Still Goes On By C.A. LEJEUNE. New York Times 2 Mar 1947: 69.
  10. ^ Robert Murphy, Realism and Tinsel: Cinema and Society in Britain 1939-48 2003 p209
  11. ^ Thumim, Janet. "The popular cash and culture in the postwar British cinema industry". Screen. Vol. 32 no. 3. p. 258.