Thermes
Θέρμες
Ilıca
20100911 Ano Thermes Xanthi Prefecture Thrace Greece Panorama.jpg
Thermes is located in Greece
Thermes
Thermes
Location within the regional unit
DE Thermon.svg
Coordinates: 41°21′N 24°59′E / 41.350°N 24.983°E / 41.350; 24.983Coordinates: 41°21′N 24°59′E / 41.350°N 24.983°E / 41.350; 24.983
CountryGreece
Administrative regionEast Macedonia and Thrace
Regional unitXanthi
MunicipalityMyki
 • Municipal unit90.0 km2 (34.7 sq mi)
Elevation
485 m (1,591 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipal unit
812
 • Municipal unit density9.0/km2 (23/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Vehicle registrationAHx-xxxx

Thermes (Greek: Θέρμες; Turkish: Ilıca) is a former community in the Xanthi regional unit, East Macedonia and Thrace, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Myki, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] The municipal unit has an area of 90.014 km2.[3] It consists of the villages Ano Thermes, Thermes (also called Kato Thermes), Meses Thermes, Medousa, Kidaris, Diasparto, and Kottani. The population of Thermes was around 1396 inhabitants in 1991.[4] In 2011, the population decreased to 812 inhabitants.[1] Thermes is popular for its hot spas, which can be found all around the area.

The Turkish name of Thermes is ılıca which means "spa". In Bulgarian, the community is known as Lydža (Лъджа) or Banja (Баня), the former a version of the Turkish name and the latter a calque also meaning "spa".

Relief of Mithra

Thermes is also famous for the relief of Mithra (a Persian origin goddess of the sun) end of 2nd - beginning of 3rd century AD. The relief is depicting Mithras sacrificing a bull. Close to Mithras we can see figures of Cautes and Caupates.[5][6]

Relief of Mithra (Mithras the Bull-slayer) is located close to Kato Thermes village.
Relief of Mithra (Mithras the Bull-slayer) is located close to Kato Thermes village.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ "ΦΕΚ A 87/2010, Kallikratis reform law text" (in Greek). Government Gazette.
  3. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
  4. ^ Michail, p. 3.
  5. ^ Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Tourism: Relief of Mithras Tauroctonos (Mithras the Bull-slayer).
  6. ^ 19.04.2007 Article in Ο Χρόνος greek newspaper of Komotini: Στην ορεινή Ξάνθη: Οι άγνωστες Θέρμες, 90 χιλιόμετρα από Κομοτηνή. in Greek.

Sources