Third Deputy Prime Minister of Spain
Vicepresidencia Tercera del Gobierno de España
Incumbent
Teresa Ribera

since 12 July 2021
Government of Spain
Council of Ministers
StyleExcelentísimo/a Señor/a
Member ofCabinet
ResidencePalacio de la Moncloa
SeatMadrid, Spain
NominatorPrime Minister
AppointerMonarch
Countersigned by the Prime Minister of Spain
Term lengthNo fixed term
No term limits are imposed on the office.
Constituting instrumentOrganic Act of the State of 1967 (original)
Constitution of 1978 (current)
Formation3 January 1974
(47 years ago)
 (1974-01-03)
First holderLicinio de la Fuente y de la Fuente

The third deputy prime minister of Spain, officially Third Vice President of the Government of Spain (Spanish: Vicepresidencia Tercera del Gobierno de España), is a senior member of the Government of Spain. The office of the Third Deputy Prime Minister is not a permanent position, existing only at the discretion of the Prime Minister. It is a constitutional office because it is foreseen in the Constitution when it provides for the possibility of existing more than one Vice Presidency.

Its existence is extremely rare, and proof of this are the few occasions in which it has been used: three times in the last years of the Franco dictatorship and three times in the current democratic period (1977–1978; 2009–2011; and since 2020).

The office of third deputy prime minister does not possess special constitutional powers beyond its responsibility as a member of the Council of Ministers. The position is regulated in the Government Act of 1997 and it only specifies that the raison d'être of the office is to replace the Prime Minister when the office is vacant, or the premier is absence or ill.[1] Due to its order as third deputy prime minister, he or she would only assume this responsibility if the first and second deputies could not do it.

History

Like the position of second deputy prime minister, the office of third deputy prime minister was created in January 1974,[2] although its legal framework dates back to the Organic Act of the State of 1967.[3] The first person to hold this position was Licinio de la Fuente, who also held the Labour portfolio.[2] De la Fuente distanced himself greatly from Prime Minister Arias Navarro, strongly criticizing that the position of third deputy PM was a symbolic position that did not possess any extra powers. This distancing increased when the prime minister refused to create a Government Delegated Committee to deal with social issues, a committee that De la Fuente wanted to chair. After many arguments with the government members and the Prime Minister, De la Fuente resigned on March 5, 1975.[4][5]

De la Fuente was replaced by Fernando Suárez González as both Third Deputy and Labour Minister and he managed to pass the pending laws of De la Fuente. A few months later, Arias Navarro appointed Juan Miguel Villar Mir as Third Deputy, assuming also the portfolios of Economy and Finance.

Adolfo Suárez did not use this position until his second term, in 1977, appointing Third DPM to Fernando Abril Martorell. The official title of Abril Martorell was "Deputy Prime Minister for Political Affairs" responsible mainly for the relations between the Government and the Parliament.[6]

The position was not used for more than 30 years, until 2009 when Prime Minister Zapatero appointed Manuel Chaves as Third DPM and Minister of Territorial Policy. Chaves left the office in 2011 when he was promoted to Second DPM.

The conservative PM Mariano Rajoy never used this position, and prime minister Pedro Sánchez did not use it in his first government, but he did it in the second one. Sánchez appointed economic affairs minister Nadia Calviño as Third DPM in 2020 until 2021, when she promoted her to Second DPM and appointed Labour Minister Yolanda Díaz as Third DPM.[7]

List of officeholders

Office name:

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Government Prime Minister
(Tenure)
Ref.
Took office Left office Duration
Licinio de la Fuente
(1923–2015)
4 January
1974
5 March
1975
1 year and 60 days National
Movement

(FET–JONS)
Arias Navarro I Carlos Arias Navarro

(1973–1976)
[8]
[9]
Fernando Suárez González
(born 1933)
5 March
1975
12 December
1975
282 days National
Movement

(Nonpartisan)
[10]
[11]
Juan Miguel Villar Mir
(born 1931)
12 December
1975
5 July
1976
206 days National
Movement

(Nonpartisan)
Arias Navarro II [12]
Office disestablished during this interval.
Fernando Abril Martorell
(1936–1998)
5 July
1977
25 February
1978
235 days Independent Suárez II Adolfo Suárez

(1976–1981)
[13]
[14]
Office disestablished during this interval.
Manuel Chaves
(born 1945)
7 April
2009
12 July
2011
2 years and 96 days PSOE Zapatero II José Luis
Rodríguez Zapatero


(2004–2011)
[15]
[16]
Office disestablished during this interval.
Nadia Calviño
(born 1968)
13 January
2020
31 March
2021
1 year and 77 days Independent Sánchez II Pedro Sánchez

(2018–present)
[17]
[18]
Yolanda Díaz
(born 1971)
31 March
2021
12 July
2021
103 days PCE [19]
[20]
Teresa Ribera
(born 1969)
12 July
2021
Incumbent 148 days PSOE [21]

Living former officeholders

As of December 2021, there are five living former third deputy prime ministers:

The most recent third deputy prime minister to die was Licinio de la Fuente (served 1974–1975) on 26 February 2015, aged 91.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ley 50/1997, de 27 de noviembre, del Gobierno". Law No. 50 of 28 November 1997. Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Decree 1/1974, of January 3, by which the Vice Presidents of the Government are appointed". www.boe.es. Office of the Prime Minister. 3 January 1974. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Ley Orgánica del Estado, número 1/1967, de 10 de enero". www.boe.es. Retrieved 2019-08-29.
  4. ^ De la Fuente, Licinio (1998). Valió la pena: memorias de la Guerra a la Transición, un periodo apasionante de nuestra historia reciente. Madrid: Edaf. pp. 223-. ISBN 8441404186.
  5. ^ Frías Alonso, Jesús (2012). De Europa a Europa : 30 años de historia vividos desde la noticia. Madrid: EPALSA. p. 294. ISBN 9788498407457.
  6. ^ Ministry of Finance. "FERNANDO ABRIL MARTORELL - Biography" (PDF). www.hacienda.gob.es. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  7. ^ "Sánchez reshuffles Cabinet to have 4 women in top jobs". ABC News. Retrieved 2021-03-31.
  8. ^ "Decreto 1/1974, de 3 de enero, por el que se nombran Vicepresidentes del Gobierno a don José García Hernández, don Antonio Barrera de Irimo y don Licinio de la Fuente y de la Fuente" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (4): 179. 4 January 1974. ISSN 0212-033X.
  9. ^ "Decreto 295/1975, de 4 de marzo, por el que se dispone el cese de don Licinio de la Fuente y de la Fuente como Vicepresidente Tercero del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (55): 4566. 5 March 1975. ISSN 0212-033X.
  10. ^ "Decreto 301/1975, de 4 de marzo, por el que se nombra Vicepresidente Tercero del Gobierno a don Fernando Suárez González" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (55): 4566. 5 March 1975. ISSN 0212-033X.
  11. ^ "Decreto 3234/1975, de 11 de diciembre, por el que se dispone el cese de los Vicepresidentes del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (298): 25861. 12 December 1975. ISSN 0212-033X.
  12. ^ "Decreto 3236/1975, de 11 de diciembre, por el que se nombran Vicepresidentes del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (298): 25861. 12 December 1975. ISSN 0212-033X.
  13. ^ "Real Decreto 1562/1977, de 4 de julio, por el que se nombran Vicepresidentes del Gobierno a don Enrique Fuentes Quintana y don Fernando Abril Martorell" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (159): 15045. 5 July 1977. ISSN 0212-033X.
  14. ^ "Real Decreto 228/1978, de 24 de febrero, por el que se dispone el cese del Vicepresidente tercero del Gobierno, don Fernando Abril Martorell" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (48): 4612. 25 February 1978. ISSN 0212-033X.
  15. ^ "Real Decreto 553/2009, de 7 de abril, por el que se nombra Vicepresidente Tercero del Gobierno a don Manuel Chaves González" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (85): 33171. 7 April 2009. ISSN 0212-033X.
  16. ^ "Real Decreto 1015/2011, de 11 de julio, por el que se dispone el cese de don Manuel Chaves González como Vicepresidente Tercero del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (165): 77407. 12 July 2011. ISSN 0212-033X.
  17. ^ "Real Decreto 6/2020, de 12 de enero, por el que se nombra Vicepresidenta Tercera del Gobierno a doña Nadia María Calviño Santamaría" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (11): 2880. 13 January 2020. ISSN 0212-033X.
  18. ^ "Real Decreto 231/2021, de 30 de marzo, por el que se dispone el cese de doña Nadia María Calviño Santamaría como Vicepresidenta Tercera del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (77): 36570. 31 March 2021. ISSN 0212-033X.
  19. ^ "Real Decreto 234/2021, de 30 de marzo, por el que se nombra Vicepresidenta Tercera del Gobierno a doña Yolanda Díaz Pérez" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (77): 36576. 31 March 2021. ISSN 0212-033X.
  20. ^ "Real Decreto 511/2021, de 10 de julio, por el que se dispone el cese de doña Yolanda Díaz Pérez como Vicepresidenta Tercera del Gobierno" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (165): 82885. 12 July 2021. ISSN 0212-033X.
  21. ^ "Real Decreto 524/2021, de 10 de julio, por el que se nombra Vicepresidenta Tercera del Gobierno a doña Teresa Ribera Rodríguez" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (165): 82898. 12 July 2021. ISSN 0212-033X.