Thomas Nelson House
Thomas Nelson House (Yorktown, Virginia)
Thomas Nelson House (Yorktown, Virginia)
Nearest cityJamestown, Virginia
Coordinates37°14′3.84″N 76°30′25.68″W / 37.2344000°N 76.5071333°W / 37.2344000; -76.5071333Coordinates: 37°14′3.84″N 76°30′25.68″W / 37.2344000°N 76.5071333°W / 37.2344000; -76.5071333
Built1730
Built byThomas "Scotch Tom" Nelson
Architectural styleGeorgian
NRHP reference No.66000839[1]
VLR No.047-0002
Significant dates
Added to NRHPOctober 15, 1966
Designated VLRSee individual properties[2]

Thomas Nelson House is an historic Colonial home in Yorktown, Virginia. It was built around 1730 and held by generations of the Nelson family through the Revolutionary War. After years in private ownership, it was designated as a National Historic Landmark and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1966.

It was acquired by the National Park Service in 1968 and restored in 1976 to its 18th-century character. It is also a contributing property to Colonial National Historical Park in Yorktown and among the battlefield attractions.

History

"York Hall," Captain George Preston Blow House, Route 1005 and Main Street, Yorktown; photo by Frances Benjamin Johnston, 1929. Griffin & Wynkoop, architects, made additions to 18th-century brick house after Blow's 1914 purchase. It was the home of Thomas Nelson Jr. (1738-1789), during the Revolutionary War. Landscape: Charles Freeman Gillette, from 1914. Today the house has been restored to its 18th-century character and is designated as a National Historic Landmark. It is operated as National Park Service site.
"York Hall," Captain George Preston Blow House, Route 1005 and Main Street, Yorktown; photo by Frances Benjamin Johnston, 1929. Griffin & Wynkoop, architects, made additions to 18th-century brick house after Blow's 1914 purchase. It was the home of Thomas Nelson Jr. (1738-1789), during the Revolutionary War. Landscape: Charles Freeman Gillette, from 1914. Today the house has been restored to its 18th-century character and is designated as a National Historic Landmark. It is operated as National Park Service site.

The house was built by Thomas "Scotch Tom" Nelson around 1730, and later occupied by his grandson, Thomas Nelson, Jr. (1738-1789) during the American Revolutionary War. Nelson, Jr was a planter, politician, and later governor of Virginia.

The house was damaged during the siege of Yorktown. It served as a hospital during the Civil War.

In 1914, it was purchased by Captain and Mrs. George P. Blow, who renamed it as "York Hall". They made a number of additions to update the property, which were designed by Griffin & Wynkoop.

In 1968, the National Park Service bought the property. It restored the house in 1976 to its 18th-century character.[3] It has been designated as the Thomas Nelson House, a National Historical Landmark.[4] It is also a contributing property to the Yorktown Battlefield Part of Colonial National Historical Park. It is open for tours as part of the Yorktown Battlefield attractions.

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  3. ^ "Walter Eugene George, Jr. Collection: 1951-2007", Alexander Architectural Archive, University of Texas at Austin Libraries. Retrieved 2010-11-29.
  4. ^ "Nelson House - Yorktown Battlefield Part of Colonial National Historical Park (U.S. National Park Service)". Nps.gov. 2013-10-22. Retrieved 2013-11-06.