The Lord Trevor
1stBaronTrevor.jpg
Chief Justice Trevor
Lord President of the Council
In office
8 May – 19 June 1730
MonarchGeorge II
Prime MinisterSir Robert Walpole
Preceded byThe Duke of Devonshire
Succeeded byThe Earl of Wilmington
Arms of Trevor: Party per bend sinister ermine and ermines, a lion rampant or
Arms of Trevor: Party per bend sinister ermine and ermines, a lion rampant or

Thomas Trevor, 1st Baron Trevor, PC (8 March 1658 – 19 June 1730) was a British judge and politician who was Attorney-General and later Lord Privy Seal.

Biography

Trevor was the second son of John Trevor (1626–1672).[1] and was educated privately before entering the Inner Temple (1672) and Christ Church, Oxford. He was called to the bar in 1680.[2]

He was made King's Counsel in 1683 and was knighted and made Solicitor General in 1692, being promoted to Attorney-General in 1695. In 1701 Trevor was appointed Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. He was also a Privy Councillor (1702–1714) and First Commissioner of the Great Seal (1710). In 1712 he was created a peer as Baron Trevor of Bromham.[3] He was created as one of Harley's Dozen when twelve new peerages were distributed to shift the political balance in the Whig-dominated House of Lords towards the Tories in order to secure the Peace of Utrecht.

On the accession of George I in 1714 he was deprived of his offices for alleged Jacobite sympathies, but from 1726 he was restored to favour as Lord Privy Seal (1726 to his death),[3] one of the Lords Justice Regents of the Realm (1727), Lord President of the Council (1730) and Governor of the Charterhouse.[2]

In 1707 he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society.[2]

Family

In 1690 he married Elizabeth Searle (died 1702), daughter of John Searle of Finchley; their two sons, Thomas and John, succeeded their father in turn but died without male issue, the peerage devolving upon Trevor's son from his second marriage, Robert Hampden-Trevor, 1st Viscount Hampden.[4]

In 1704 he married Anne Bernard, (c. 1670–1723), the daughter of Robert Weldon (or Weildon), mercer in Fleet Street, London. Anne had previously been married to Sir Robert Bernard of Brampton, with whom she had had six children.[5] Three of Trevor's sons succeeded in turn to his barony, and a fourth son, Richard Trevor (1707–1771), was bishop of St Davids from 1744 to 1752, and then bishop of Durham.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ Chisholm 1911, p. 256.
  2. ^ a b c "Fellow details". Royal Society. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Chisholm 1911, p. 257.
  4. ^ Rigg, James McMullen (1899). "Trevor, Thomas (1658-1730)" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 57. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 228–230.
  5. ^ Palmer, Kathleen (2018). Ladies of Quality & Distinction. London: The Foundling Museum. p. 12.

References

Further reading

Parliament of England Preceded bySir George TrebyJohn Pollexfen Member of Parliament for Plympton Erle 1692–1698 With: John Pollexfen 1692–1695Courtenay Croker 1695–1698 Succeeded byMartin RyderCourtenay Croker Preceded byHenry PelhamThomas Pelham Member of Parliament for Lewes 1701 With: Thomas Pelham Succeeded byHenry PelhamThomas Pelham Legal offices Preceded bySir John Somers Solicitor General 1692–1695 Succeeded bySir John Hawles Preceded bySir Edward Ward Attorney General 1695–1701 Succeeded bySir Edward Northey Preceded bySir George Treby Chief Justice of the Common Pleas 1701–1714 Succeeded bySir Peter King Political offices Preceded byThe Duke of Kingston Lord Privy Seal 1726–1730 Succeeded byThe Earl of Wilmington Preceded byThe Duke of Devonshire Lord President of the Council 1730 Peerage of Great Britain New creation Baron Trevor 2nd creation1712–1730 Succeeded byThomas Trevor