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Thomas Walker Arnold

Sir Thomas Arnold
Born(1864-04-19)19 April 1864
Died9 June 1930(1930-06-09) (aged 66)
Scientific career
InfluencedMuhammad Iqbal

Sir Thomas Walker Arnold CIE FBA (19 April 1864–9 June 1930) was a British orientalist and historian of Islamic art. He taught at Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College,[1] later Aligarh Muslim University, and Government College University, Lahore.[2]

Arnold was a friend of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, who influenced him to write the famous book The Preaching of Islam,[2] and of Shibli Nomani, with whom he taught at Aligarh. He taught Syed Sulaiman Nadvi and the poet-philosopher Muhammad Iqbal.[3] He was the first English editor for the first edition of The Encyclopaedia of Islam.[2]

Life

Thomas Walker Arnold was born in Devonport, Plymouth on 19 April 1864,[4] and educated at the City of London School. From 1888 he worked as a teacher at the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, Aligarh. In 1892 he married Celia Mary Hickson,[2] a niece of Theodore Beck.[4] In 1898, he accepted a post as Professor of Philosophy at the Government College, Lahore and later became Dean of the Oriental Faculty at Punjab University.[2] From 1904 to 1909 he was on the staff of the India Office as Assistant Librarian. In 1909 he was appointed Educational Adviser to Indian students in Britain.[4] From 1917 to 1920 he acted as Adviser to the Secretary of State for India.[5] He was Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies at the School of Oriental Studies, University of London, from 1921 to 1930.[2]

Arnold was invested as a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire in 1912, and in 1921 was invested as a knight.[2] He died on 9 June 1930.[6]

Works

References

  1. ^ "Empire in Your Backyard: Imperial Plymouth". www.britishempire.co.uk. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Robinson, B.W. "ARNOLD, THOMAS WALKER – Encyclopaedia Iranica". www.iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  3. ^ "Sir Thomas Walker Arnold | Aligarh Movement". aligarhmovement.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  4. ^ a b c "Thomas W. Arnold | Making Britain". www.open.ac.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  5. ^ "Thomas Walker Arnold". Goodreads. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  6. ^ Arnold, Thomas Walker (1 January 1913). The preaching of Islam : a history of the propagation of the Muslim faith. London : Constable.