The Lord Wallace
Vice-President of the Board of Trade
In office
1818–1823
Preceded byF. J. Robinson
Succeeded byCharles Grant
Personal details
Born1768
Died23 February 1844 (aged 77-78)
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford

Thomas Wallace, 1st Baron Wallace, PC, FRSE (1768 – 23 February 1844) was an English politician and peer.

Early life

Wallace was born at Brampton in 1768, the son of James Wallace (1729–1783), a barrister who served as Solicitor General for England and Wales and as Attorney General to George III, and his wife, Elizabeth Simpson, the only daughter and sole heiress of Thomas Simpson Esq., of Carleton Hall, Cumberland.[1]

He was educated at Eton College from 1777 to 1784. He then studied at Christ Church at Oxford University, graduating MA in 1790.

Featherstone Castle, Northumberland

Following the death of his father in 1783, he inherited (at age 15) Carleton Hall, which lies near Penrith, Cumbria.

In 1793 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were Andrew Dalzell, Henry Brougham and Alexander Fraser Tytler.[1]

He sold the Carleton estate in 1828 to John Cowper. He then acquired Featherstone Castle near Haltwhistle, Northumberland and remodelled it in the 1830s to a Gothic style.

Political career

Wallace was a Member of Parliament (MP) for Grampound from 1790 to 1796, for Penryn from 1796 to 1802, for Hindon from 1802 to 1806, for Shaftesbury from 1807 to 1812, for Weymouth from 1812 to 1813, for Cockermouth from 1813 to 1818 and again for Weymouth from 1818 to 1828.

He was Lord of the Admiralty from 1797 to 1800.

He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1801[2] and ennobled as Baron Wallace, of Knaresdale in the County of Northumberland, on 2 February 1828.[3]

He was a member of the Board of Control from 1807 to 1816 (responsible for overseeing the British East India Company), and Vice-President of the Board of Trade from 1818 to 1823. From 1823 to 1827 he was Master of the Mint.

Personal life

In 1814 Baron Wallace, aged 46, married Lady Jane Hope (1766-1829),[4] Viscountess Melville (widow of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville), daughter of John Hope, 2nd Earl of Hopetoun. Lady Jane died in June 1829. Lady Jane was then 48 and well beyond child-bearing years, even had she been able (she had no children by her first marriage).

Lord Wallace survived her by 15 years and died at Featherstone on 23 February 1844. Having no children, the barony died with him.[5]

Arms

Coat of arms of Thomas Wallace, 1st Baron Wallace
Crest
Out of a ducal coronet Or an ostrich’s head and neck Proper holding a horseshoe in the beak.
Escutcheon
Gules a lion rampant Argent within a bordue compony of the second and Azure.
Supporters
Dexter a lion per bend dove-tailed sinister Sable and Or murally crowned and charged on the shoulder with a cross-flory Gold; sinister an antelope Proper ducally gorged and chained and charged on the shoulder as the dexter.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 978-0-902198-84-5.
  2. ^ "No. 15367". The London Gazette. 19 May 1801. p. 557.
  3. ^ "No. 18435". The London Gazette. 25 January 1828. p. 161.
  4. ^ "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com.
  5. ^ "Person Page". thepeerage.com.
  6. ^ Burke's Peerage. 1843.

Sources

Parliament of Great Britain Preceded byJohn CocksFrancis Baring Member of Parliament for Grampound 1790–1796 With: Jeremiah Crutchley Succeeded byBryan EdwardsRobert Sewell Preceded bySir Francis BassetRichard Glover Member of Parliament for Penryn 1796–1800 With: William Meeke Succeeded byParliament of the United Kingdom Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded byParliament of Great Britain Member of Parliament for Penryn 18011802 With: William Meeke Succeeded bySir Stephen LushingtonSir John Nicholl Preceded byJames WildmanMatthew Lewis Member of Parliament for Hindon 18021806 With: John Pedley Succeeded byWilliam BeckfordBenjamin Hobhouse Preceded byEdward Loveden LovedenHome Riggs Popham Member of Parliament for Shaftesbury 18071812 With: Edward Loveden Loveden Succeeded byRichard Bateman-RobsonHudson Gurney Preceded bySir John Murray, BtRichard StewardCharles AdamsJoseph Hume Member of Parliament for Weymouth 1812–1813 With: Sir John Murray, BtJohn BroadhurstHenry Trail Succeeded bySir John Murray, BtViscount CranborneChristopher IdleMasterton Ure Preceded byAugustus FosterViscount Lowther Member of Parliament for Cockermouth 1813–1818 With: Viscount Lowther 1813–1816John Lowther 1816–1818 Succeeded bySir John Beckett, BtJohn Lowther Preceded bySir John Murray, BtAdolphus DalrympleChristopher IdleMasterton Ure Member of Parliament for Weymouth 1818–1828 With: William Williams 1818–1826John Gordon 1826–1828Fowell Buxton 1818–1832Masterton Ure 1813–1832 Succeeded byJohn GordonFowell BuxtonEdward SugdenMasterton Ure Political offices Preceded byHon. F. J. Robinson Vice-President of the Board of Trade 1818–1823 Succeeded byCharles Grant Peerage of the United Kingdom New creation Baron Wallace 1828–1844 Extinct