Tikamgarh district
Sun Temple, Madkhera
Sun Temple, Madkhera
Location of Tikamgarh district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Tikamgarh district in Madhya Pradesh
Coordinates (Tikamgarh): 24°44′24″N 78°49′48″E / 24.74000°N 78.83000°E / 24.74000; 78.83000
Country India
StateMadhya Pradesh
Tehsils1. Tikamgarh, 2. Jatara, 3. Baldeogarh, 4. Palera, 5. Lidhorakhas, 6. Khargapur, 7. Badagaon 8. Mohangarh
 • District MagistrateSubhash Kumar Dwivedi IAS
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesTikamgarh
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies1. Tikamgarh, 2. Jatara 3. Khargapur
 • Total3,878 km2 (1,497 sq mi)
 • Total1,040,359
 • Density270/km2 (690/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationMP 36
Major highwaysNH 12A, SH 10

Tikamgarh district is one of the 52 districts of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. Tikamgarh town is the district headquarters. The district is part of Sagar Division.

It is bounded on the east and southeast by Chhatarpur District of Madhya Pradesh, and by the Uttar Pradesh districts of Lalitpur on the west and Niwari District on the north.

Origin of name

The district is named after its headquarters, Tikamgarh. The original name of the town was Tihri. In 1783, the ruler of Orchha Vikramajit (1776–1817) shifted his capital from Orchha to Tihri and renamed it Tikamgarh (Tikam is one of the names of Krishna).


The area covered by this district was part of the Princely State of Orchha till its merger with the Indian Union. The Orchha state was founded by Rudra Pratap Singh in 1501. After merger, it became one of the eight districts of Vindhya Pradesh state in 1948. Following the reorganization of states on 1 November 1956 it became a district of the newly carved Madhya Pradesh

Orchha was founded some times after 1501 AD,[1] by the Bundela chief, Rudra Pratap Singh, who became the first King of Orchha, (r. 1501–1531) and also built the Fort of Orchha.[2] He died in an attempt to save a cow from a lion. The Chaturbhuj Temple was built, during the time of Akbar, by the Queen of Orchha,[3] while Raj Mandir was built by 'Madhukar Shah' during his reign, 1554 to 1591.[4][5]

During the rule of Mughal Emperor, Jahangir, his ally, Vir Singh Deo (r. 1605–1627) reigned here, and it was during this period that Orchha reaches its height, and many extant palaces are a reminder of its architectural glory, including Jahangir Mahal (born c. 1605) and Sawan Bhadon Mahal.[6]

In the early 17th century, Raja Jhujhar Singh rebelled against the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, whose armies devastated the state and occupied Orchha from 1635 to 1641. Orchha and Datia were the only Bundela states not subjugated by the Marathas in the 18th century. The town of Tehri, now Tikamgarh, about 52 miles (84 km) south of Orchha, became the capital of Orchha state in 1783, and is now the district town; Tehri was the site of the fort of Tikamgarh, and the town eventually took the name of the fort.[7]

Hamir Singh, who ruled from 1848 to 1874, was elevated to the style of Maharaja in 1865. Maharaja Pratap Singh (born 1854, died 1930), who succeeded to the throne in 1874, devoted himself entirely to the development of his state, himself designing most of the engineering and irrigation works that were executed during his reign.

In 1901, the state had an area of 2,000 sq mi (5,200 km2), and population of 52,634. It was the oldest and highest in rank of all the Bundela states, with a 17-gun salute, and its Maharajas bore the hereditary title of First of the Prince of Bundelkhand. Vir Singh, Pratap Singh's successor, merged his state with the Union of India on January 1, 1950. The district became part of Vindhya Pradesh state, which was merged into Madhya Pradesh state in 1956. Today Orchha is almost a nondescript town with a small population, and its importance is maintained only due to its rich architectural heritage and tourism.

Books on the rich history of Orchha are available in local shops, mostly in the Hindi language. Only a thorough reading of some of this material will tell about the rich and varied history of this place.


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Tikamgarh one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[8] It is one of the 24 districts in Madhya Pradesh receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[8] The economy of this area mainly based on agriculture and allied activities.

Tikamgarh is a major player in producing pyrophyllite. There are various pyrophyllite mining sites where high-quality pyrophyllite stone is getting mined. The pyrophyllite of Tikamgarh is getting exported to all over India.


Tikamgarh district of Madhya Pradesh has a total population of 1,445,166 as per the Census 2011. Out of which 760,355 are males while 684,811 are females. In 2011 there were total of 296,116 families residing in Tikamgarh district. The Average Sex Ratio of Tikamgarh district is 901.

As per Census 2011 out of the total population, 17.3% of people live in Urban areas while 82.7% live in the rural areas. The average literacy rate in urban areas is 74.7% while that in the rural areas is 58.6%. Also, the Sex Ratio of Urban areas in Tikamgarh district is 909 while that of Rural areas is 899. The population of Children age 0–6 years in Tikamgarh district is 227564 which is 16% of the total population. There are 120303 male children and 107261 female children between the ages of 0–6 years. Thus as per the Census 2011, the Child Sex Ratio of Tikamgarh is 892 which is less than the Average Sex Ratio (901) of Tikamgarh district. The total literacy rate of Tikamgarh district is 61.43%. The male literacy rate is 60.41% and the female literacy rate is 42.14% in Tikamgarh district.

The bifurcated district had a population of 1,040,359, of which 170,655 (16.40%) lived in urban areas. Tikamgarh had a sex ratio of 901 females per 1000 males. Schedule Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 262,163 (25.20%) and 49,613 (4.77%) of the population respectively.[9]

Religions in Tikamgarh district (2011)[10]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

Hindus are 987,048 (94.88%) of the population while Muslims are 37,864 (3.64%) of the population. Jains are 13,953 (1.34%) of the population.[10]


Languages of Tikamgarh district (2011)[11]

  Bundeli (84.94%)
  Hindi (14.61%)
  Others (0.45%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 84.94% of the population spoke Bundeli and 14.61% Hindi as their first language.[11]


Moniya Dance in Bundelkhand is performed every year during the festival of light Diwali/Deepawali at the end of October or the first week of November according to the lunar calendar. In this connection, the epic story goes that “in Gokul” when Lord Krishna raised Govardhan Mountain on his finger to save his associates (milkmen), they danced in joy. The main instruments used in this dance are ‘Dholak’ and ‘Nagaria’ (both being a form of drums). The male dancers with long sticks show the martial arts when the beats of drums inspire their energy and emotions. This dance is also performed as a ‘thanksgiving’ after harvesting. The dancers wear multi-colored apparel and the chief dancer holds the peacock feathers in his hands and the rest stick those feathers in their half pants.


Tikamgarh is famous for mawa filled ras bhariya gujiyas. You have drooled over the tempting gujiyas on every occasion, especially on Holi. With an extra dose of sweetness and flavors, this Chashni wali gujiya is pure bliss and a great hit amongst everyone.

Hospital facilities



Colleges / universities


Postage stamps of this feudatory state were prepared for use in 1897 but were never issued. First Orchha State stamps were issued in 1913. Separate stamps were discontinued on 30 April 1950 after the state was merged with the Union of India early that year.


Tikamgarh has the biggest bus stand in Madhya Pradesh.

Welcome gate at Jhansi Road In TKG


There are daily services of buses for every part of the state. Highways Passing from Tikamgarh are NH-12A, SH-10.

Apart from it, buses for Delhi, Nagpur, Kanpur are also there.


Tikamgarh railway station is in the North Central Railway Zone. Its Railway code is TKMG. The construction of the railway line to Tikamgarh has been completed in 2012. On 26 April 2013 was connected with railway services. The rail services began from Lalitpur(Uttar Pradesh) to Tikamgarh and were started under the Lalitpur-Singrauli Rail Project. The first train to travel between the two stations was Tikamgarh-Jhansi(Uttar Pradesh) passenger train. The train was sanctioned between the two stations in the Rail Budget of 2012–13. The railway line between Tikamgarh and Lalitpur rail routes is 40 kilometers long. Union Minister Pradeep Jain flagged-off the train at Lalitpur station


Khajuraho is the nearest (114 km) airport from where there is a daily flight for Delhi & Varanasi. which comes under Chhatarpur District.

Notable tourist spots

There are various places to visit in Tikamgarh. Some places are of historical importance.

Lakshmi Temple, Orchha.


Rivers and lakes

The Betwa River flows along the northwestern boundary of the district and Dhasan River on the bank of Badagaon, one of its tributaries flows along the eastern boundary of the district. Both of these rivers flow towards the northeast. The tributaries of the Betwa flowing through this district are Jamni, Bagri and Barua. A New District Named Niwari is Proposed to create consisting of 3 Tehsils Orchha, Prithvipur & Niwari Itself.


Tikamgarh district is divided into three sub-divisions, which are further divided into seven tehsils. The district consists four development blocks, namely Tikamgarh, Baldeogarh, Jatara and Palera.

There are 3 Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Tikamgarh, Jatara and Khargapur. All of these are part of Tikamgarh Lok Sabha constituency.

Civic administration

Tikamgarh City
Member of Parliament Veerendra Kumar Khatik[13]
Collector & DM Shri Subhash Kumar Dwivedi IAS [14]
Superintendent Of Police Shri Anurag Sujania IPS[14]
Members of Legislative Assembly
  1. Jatara – Mr. Harishankar Khatik[13]
  2. Tikamgarh – Mr. Rakesh Giri Goswami[13]
  3. Khargapur – Mr. Rahul Singh Lodhi


  1. ^ Orchha Tikamgarh district Official website.
  2. ^ Mausoleum of Raja Rudra Pratap British Library.
  3. ^ Orchha Archived 2009-02-07 at the Wayback Machine British Library.
  4. ^ Genealogy of Orchha
  5. ^ Raj Mandir British Library.
  6. ^ Swan Bhadon Palace, Orcha British Library.
  7. ^ Orchha state The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 19, p. 241.
  8. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  9. ^ "District Census Handbook: Tikamgarh" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  10. ^ a b "Table C-01 Population By Religion: Madhya Pradesh". census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  11. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Madhya Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  12. ^ यह है मरखेड़ा का सूर्य मंदिर,पुरातत्व विभाग की अनदेखी से प्रतिमाएं हो रहीं दुर्दशा का शिकार, Dainik Bhaskar, accessed 30 aug 2021.
  13. ^ a b c List of MPs and MLAs from Madhya Pradesh State
  14. ^ a b "Who's Who".