This is a timeline of Bulgarian history.

Prior to 1st century

Year Date Event
6000 BC The Karanovo culture appeared.
5000 BC The Thracian village of Nebet Tepe is established on the site of modern Plovdiv.[1]
4600 BC Oldest gold artifacts were created.
4000 BC Proto-Thracians settled near the Black Sea.
2100 BC Dabene Treasure of 15,000 small Thracian gold rings created (approximate date).
512 BC Macedonian king Amyntas I surrendered to the Thracians.
429 BC Sitalces invaded Macedon.
342 BC Thracian settlement of modern Plovdiv renamed to "Philippopolis".
298 BC Arrival of the Celtic tribes.
212 BC Abandonment of Tylis.
188 BC Thrace invaded by the Romans

1st–6th centuries

Year Date Event
46 Thrace was conquered by Rome.
117 The Trimontium amphitheater was created.
268 The Goths raided Serdica.
343 The Council of Serdica takes place.
447 Huns start a fire in Sofia.

7th century

Year Date Event
632 Great Bulgaria was formed after the unification of the tribes of Kutrigurs, Utigurs, and Onogurs (Onodonduri).
635 A peace treaty was signed by Kubrat with the Byzantine Empire.
668 Khazar's pressure caused Great Bulgaria to decline. Volga Bulgaria (7th century–1240s) is formed.
680/681 First Bulgarian Empire (Danubian Bulgaria) was formed.[2]

8th century

Year Date Event
701 Asparukh died in a battle. He was succeeded by Tervel.
705 Tervel received title as Caesar in 705 after recovering the throne of Justinian II.
721 Tervel died. He was succeeded by Kormesiy.
738 Kormesiy ended his rule. He was succeeded by Sevar.
753 Sevar died. He was succeeded by Kormisosh.
756 Kormisosh was disposed. He was succeeded by Vinekh.
762 Vinekh was assassinated. He was succeeded by Telets.
765 Telets was assassinated. He was succeeded by Sabin.
766 Sabin was disposed. He was succeeded by Umor.
Umor was disposed after a 40-day rule. He was succeeded by Toktu.
767 Toktu was killed. He was succeeded by Pagan.
768 Pagan was killed by their servants. He was succeeded by Telerig.
777 Telerig was baptized after flying to Constantinople. He was succeeded by Kardam.

9th century

Year Date Event
803 Kardam was baptized after fleeing to Constantinople. He was succeeded by Krum.
809 Sofia was renamed to "Sredetz" after becoming part of the Bulgarian Empire.
811 26 July Byzantine Emperor Nicephorus I was killed after being involved in the Battle of Pliska.[1]
814 13 April Krum died. He was succeeded by Omurtag.
831 Omurtag died. He was succeeded by Malamir.
836 Malamir died. He was succeeded by Presian I.
852 Malamir died. He was succeeded by Boris I.
883 Boris I abdicated.
886 The Glagolitic alphabet was adopted.
889 Boris I ended his rule. He was succeeded by Vladimir.
893 Vladimir was disposed and blinded. He was succeeded by Simeon I.

10th century

Year Date Event
902 Boris I died.
927 27 May Simeon I died. He was succeeded by Peter I.[1]
969 Peter I abdicated.
970 30 January Peter I died. He was succeeded by Boris II.
971 The Byzantine Empire dethroned Boris II.
977 Boris II was killed by Bulgarian border guards after returning to Bulgaria. He was succeeded by Samuel.
991 The Byzantine Empire captured Roman.
997 Roman died in a Constantinople prison. He was succeeded by Boris II.

11th century

Year Date Event
1014 6 October [[Samuel of Bulgaria|Samyi] died. He was succeeded by Gavril Radomir.
1015 Gavril Radomir died. He was succeeded by Ivan Vladislav.
1018 The Byzantine Emperor Basil II annexed Bulgaria after the death of Ivan Vladislav.
1040 Peter Delyan organized a rebellion, but he failed to recreate the Bulgarian empire.
1041 Peter Delyan died.
1072 Constantine Bodin ruled the annexed Bulgaria under Byzantine rule.

12th century

Year Date Event
1185 Second Bulgarian Empire was formed.
1190 Peter II donated his throne to his brother Ivan Asen I.
1196 The Byzantine Empire created a large force after merging the eastern and western armies, but the large army was defeated at the Battle of Arcadiopolis.
Ivan Asen I was murdered. Peter II returned to the throne.
1197 Peter II was murdered. He was succeeded by Kaloyan.

13th century

Year Date Event
1201 21 March Siege of Varna (1201): The Bulgarian Empire and the Byzantine Empire compete for the city of Varna.
24 March Siege of Varna (1201): The Bulgarians claim victory to the battle and capture Varna.
1205 Forces of the Latin empire were defeated by Kaloyan at the Battle of Adrianople.
1207 Kaloyan was murdered. He was succeeded by Boril.
1218 Boril was disposed. He was succeeded by Ivan Asen II.
1235 Recreation of the Bulgarian Orthodox Patriarchate.
1241 24 June Boril died. He was succeeded by Kaliman Asen I.
1246 Kaliman Asen I died. He was succeeded by Michael II Asen.
1256 Michael II Asen was killed. He was succeeded by Kaliman Asen II.
Kaliman Asen II was killed. He was succeeded by Mitso Asen.
1257 Mitso Asen ended his rule. He was succeeded by Constantine I.
1277 Constantine I was killed in a battle.
1280 Ivaylo was killed by the Mongols after arriving at the Golden Horde.
1292 George I went to the Byzantine Empire.

14th century

Year Date Event
1323 Michael Shishman Bolyar of Vidin.
1330 28 July Battle of Velbuzhd: the Serbians won the battle and the Serbians after the battle dominated Bulgaria.
1331 Ivan Stephen was disposed and went to Serbia.
1371 17 February Ivan Alexander died.
1393 The capital of the Second Bulgarian Empire, Tarnovo, was captured by the Ottoman Empire.
1396 Bulgaria was invaded and conquered by the Turks.

15th century

Year Date Event
1422 The Vidin Tsardom, the last Bulgarian state, collapsed.[3]
1443 Sofia was occupied by the Hungarian forces.
1493 Kremikovtsi Monastery was reconstructed.
1494 Buyuk Mosque was constructed.

16th century

Year Date Event
1528 The Sveti Sedmochislenitsi Church was constructed.
1576 Banya Bashi Mosque was constructed.
1598 The First Tarnovo uprising took place.

17th century

Year Date Event
1606 Cossacks sacked Varna.
1640 The first Bulgarian history was written by Petar Bogdan.[4]
1686 The Second Tarnovo uprising took place.
1688 Chiprovtsi uprising against Ottoman rule.[5]
1689 October Karposh's rebellion against Ottoman rule: Strahil Vojvoda captured Kriva Palanka.

18th century

Year Date Event
1737 Uprising against ottoman rule in Sofia, Samokov and Western Bulgaria
1738 Great Plague of 1738: The plague affected also Bulgaria.
1739 The Treaty of Belgrade was signed and Habsburg monarchy/Austrian Empire was no longer active against the Ottoman Empire for around a century.
1762 Istoriya Slavyanobolgarskaya, one of the first ones and the most important early book about Bulgarian History written by Saint Paisius of Hilendar.
1768 Russo-Turkish War (1768-1774)
1774 20 June Battle of Kozludzha: The battle took place near Kozludzha, Bulgaria.
1774 The Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca gave Russia the right to interfere in Ottoman affairs to protect the Sultan's Christian subjects, including the Bulgarians.
1792 An important book was written about the history of Bulgaria (История во кратце о болгарском народе словенском) by Spiridon Gabrovski .[6]

19th century

Year Date Event
1818 An earthquakes shakes up Sofia.
1821 A revolt began with the Greeks against the Ottomans.
1829 Forces owned by Russia occupy Sofia.
1834 The first Bulgarian factory opened.
1839-1876 Ottoman Tanzimat reforms
1853 Crimean War: British and French troops arrive in Bulgaria.[7]
1870 A Bulgarian Exarchate is established.
1876 The major April Uprising is brutally suppressed, resulting in a public outcry in Europe.[2]
1878 March Russia and Turkey signed the Treaty of San Stefano.[2]
July Treaty of Berlin was signed and split Bulgaria in three parts with different destiny.[2]
1885-1886 The Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia became united formalized with the Tophane Agreement.
1888 The University of Sofia was established (bears that name from 1904).

20th century

Year Date Event
1908 Bulgaria becomes independent and becomes united.
1913 June Greece and Serbia established a relationship with each other against Bulgaria.
1914 Bulgaria joined World War I and teamed up with (Germany).[8]
1918 Bulgaria surrendered in World War I.
1919 27 November Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine: After it was signed at Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, Bulgaria gave away some of their territories
1920 An election took place.
1923 9 June A coup d'état took place and it resulted in the assassination of Aleksandar Stamboliyski.
1925 18 October War of the stray dog: The war began with Greece.
23 October War of the stray dog: The war ended with Bulgarian victory.
1939 Bulgaria declared war on Britain, Yugoslavia, Greece, and the USA. Bulgaria left the war after the Soviet Union declared war on Bulgaria.
1944 Women earned the right to vote.
1946 December Georgi Dimitrov became the leader of the communist party.
1947 Bulgaria and the Soviet Union signed a peace treaty.
1949 2 July Georgi Dimitrov died and Valko Chervenkov became the new leader of the communist party.
16 December Death of Traicho Kostov.
1954 4 March Todor Zhivkov became the leader of the communist party.
1955 14 May The Warsaw Pact was signed.
1962 Yugov retired from the communist party.
1963 Pirin Macedonia was declared by Zhivkov as a part of Bulgaia.
1968 Zhivkov's loyalty was demonstrated to the Soviet Union.
1975 1 August The Helsinki Accords was signed by Bulgaria, giving citizens more freedom.
1989 Communists in the government are replaced by democracy supporters.
1990 3 April Bulgaria is no longer a communist state and was renamed to the Republic of Bulgaria.[2]
1995 Zhan Videnov took office after the angry reactions against a reform on the economy.
1997 After the BSP government in Bulgaria fell, the UDF took its place.[2]

21st century

Year Date Event
2001 Simeon II won in the Bulgarian elections.
2004 Bulgaria became a NATO member.[1]
2007 Bulgaria became an EU member along with Romania.[9]
2009 Recession of 2009 occurred.[3]
2010 Bulgaria started to export goods to nations that didn't join the European Union.
2013 19 January Oktay Enimehmedov attempted to launch a gas pistol at Ahmed Dogan who was the leader of the Turkish political party. After the gun wasn't successful at releasing a bullet, Enimehmedov was beaten up.[1]
14 September Protesters crowded the streets near the parliament in Sofia, requesting the Socialist-led government to be resigned.[3]
2014 1 January Romanians and Bulgarians can work in the 28 European Union member states after the European Commission announced it.

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e Ratnikas, Algis. "Timeline Bulgaria".
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Timeline: Bulgaria". BBC. 15 June 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "A Brief History of Bulgaria".
  4. ^ A short history of modern Bulgaria, R. J. Crampton, CUP Archive, 1987, ISBN 0-521-27323-4, p. 57.
  5. ^ "A Timeline of Bulgaria".
  6. ^ "Short history of Bulgaria – visitStrandja".
  7. ^ Planet, Lonely. "Timeline in Bulgaria".
  8. ^ Timeline of History of Bulgaria dates
  9. ^ "Bulgaria Time Line Chronological Timetable of Events".