Timothy Warren Anglin
2nd Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada
In office
March 26, 1874 – February 12, 1879
MonarchVictoria
Governor GeneralThe Earl of Dufferin
The Marquess of Lorne
Prime MinisterAlexander Mackenzie
Preceded byJames Cockburn
Succeeded byJoseph Godéric Blanchet
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Gloucester, New Brunswick
In office
September 20, 1867 – June 19, 1882
Preceded byNone
Succeeded byKennedy Francis Burns
Personal details
Born(1822-08-31)August 31, 1822
Clonakilty, County Cork, Ireland
DiedMay 4, 1896(1896-05-04) (aged 73)
Political partyLiberal
Children9, including Francis, Mary
OccupationNewspaper editor
Newspaper owner

Timothy Warren Anglin (August 31, 1822 – May 4, 1896) was a Canadian politician and Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada.

Born in Clonakilty, County Cork, Ireland, Anglin emigrated at the age of 26 as part of the exodus caused by the Great Famine. Following a sectarian riot in New Brunswick between members of the Orange Order and Catholics, Anglin appealed for moderation and unity. This led him to take up the editorship of a new newspaper, The Freeman, in 1849,[1] which made him an influential voice in the colony. He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick in 1861, and became an opponent of Canadian Confederation and of the government of Samuel Leonard Tilley which he helped defeat in 1865. Tilley returned to power the next year, however, with the defeat of the Anti-Confederation Party in the election. Anglin lost his own seat.

New Brunswick entered Confederation as a province in 1867 and Anglin won a seat in the new House of Commons of Canada as a Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for the riding of Gloucester in the country's first general election.

When the Liberals came to power in the 1874 election, the new Prime Minister of Canada, Alexander Mackenzie, nominated Anglin as Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada.

Anglin's term as Speaker was controversial. The Speaker is expected to act in a non-partisan manner and be above politics, but Anglin used his rulings as Speaker as opportunities to enter into partisan debate. Even more troubling to the opposition was that he retained his position as editor of a partisan newspaper during his term as Speaker, and used his position to write editorials berating the Opposition. Especially controversial was that his newspaper was given government printing contracts. Anglin was accused of violating the Independence of Parliament Act for accepting government printing contracts, and was censured by the House of Commons Committee on Privilege in 1877. Anglin was forced to resign as Speaker and as an MP, but was re-elected to the House of Commons in the by-election that was held to fill his seat. He was successfully renominated by Mackenzie to the position of Speaker.

Anglin's period as Speaker ended with the 1878 election that defeated the Liberal government. He remained in the House of Commons until he lost his seat in the 1882 election. Following his defeat, Anglin moved to Toronto and became editor of the Toronto Tribune. In the 1887 election, he was defeated in his bid to win a seat from the Ontario riding of Simcoe North.

Three of Anglin's nine children were notably successful; Francis Alexander Anglin was Chief Justice of Canada from 1924 to 1933, Arthur Whyte Anglin was a successful lawyer in private practice, and Mary Margaret Anglin became the first internationally renowned Canadian stage actress.

Electoral record

1882 Canadian federal election: Gloucester
Party Candidate Votes %
Conservative Kennedy Francis Burns 1,205 52.19
Unknown Onésiphore Turgeon 564 24.43
Liberal Timothy Anglin 540 23.39
Total valid votes 2,309 100.00
1878 Canadian federal election: Gloucester
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Timothy Anglin acclaimed


Canadian federal by-election, 2 July 1877
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Timothy Anglin 1,185 58.00
Unknown Onésiphore Turgeon 858 42.00
Total valid votes 2,043 100.00
Called upon Timothy Anglin's resignation.
1874 Canadian federal election: Gloucester
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Timothy Anglin acclaimed
1872 Canadian federal election: Gloucester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Timothy Anglin 1,436 80.81 +19.55
Unknown ? DesBrisay 339 19.08
Unknown ? MacKay 2 0.11
Total valid votes 1,777 100.00
1867 Canadian federal election: Gloucester
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Timothy Anglin 1,061 61.26
Unknown John Meahan 671 38.74
Total valid votes 1,732 100.00

References

  1. ^ Hopkins, J. Castell (1898). An historical sketch of Canadian literature and journalism. Toronto: Lincott. p. 224. ISBN 0665080484.