This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Tintic War" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (November 2023) (Learn how and when to remove this message)
Tintic War
Part of Ute Wars
DateFebruary-March 1856
Location
Result United States victory
Belligerents
Mormon settlers US Government Ute Tribe

The Tintic War was a short series of skirmishes occurring in February through March 1856 in Uintah County and Tooele County, Utah[1] It occurred after the conclusion of the Walker War. It was named after a subchief of the Ute and involved several clashes between Mormon settlers and Native Americans previously residing in the Tintic and Cedar Valleys.[2]

Conflict

Initially, the settlers and Indians got along well. However, the war started out as small skirmishes between the two communities, with the first battle occurring at Battle Creek.[3][permanent dead link] The conflict began when Native Americans took settlers' cattle due to drought.[2]

The local Indians' desperation occurred because they had been displaced from their land by the settlers. During the winter the Indians did not have the necessary resources to survive, and began to starve. The European Americans invaded the area, and proceeded to establish mining communities. They depleted the land of timber, game, diverted the water, and most of the land's resources in general.[4][permanent dead link]

The settlers established successful livestock and agriculture endeavors on the land. The Indians were forced to steal from the settlers in order to survive. Brigham Young was among the settlers, and he recounts the early troubles by stating, "They came pretty nigh starving to death last winter; and they now see, if they are driven from these valleys in winter, they must perish".[3]

Outcome

The war concluded with the federal government intervening by taking the Utes from their land to the Uintah and Ouray Indian Reservation. This occurred in the late 1860s and in the Uinta Basin. However, the issues did not resolve quickly. The government never legally bought the Ute lands, causing issues that persisted after World War II, when the Indian Claims Commission demanded money for their confiscated lands.[2]

References

  1. ^ Walker, Ronald W. (July 2016). "The Tintic War of 1856: A Study of Several Conflicts". Journal of Mormon History. 42 (3). University of Illinois Press: 35–68. doi:10.5406/jmormhist.42.3.0035. JSTOR 10.5406/jmormhist.42.3.0035.
  2. ^ a b c Thomas G. Alexander. "The Walker War". historytogo.utah.gov. State of Utah. Archived from the original on 2006-02-20. Retrieved 1 Nov 2023.
  3. ^ a b Dibble, Charles (1947). "The Mormon Mission to the Shoshoni Indians" (PDF). University of Utah – via 2006 ProQuest Information and Learning Company.
  4. ^ Creque, Jeffrey (1996). "An Ecological History of Tintic Valley, Juab County, Utah". Utah State University.