The borough was formed as New Shrewsbury by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on August 15, 1950, based on the results of a referendum held on July 18, 1950, after breaking away from Shrewsbury Township. It was renamed "Tinton Falls" in 1975, to avoid postal errors. The name came from Lewis Morris's plantation, Tinton Manor, which employed free white workers and slaves. The borough is home to the highest waterfall on New Jersey's coastal plain.
The area that is now known as Tinton Falls was originally settled in the late 1600s, probably beginning with the initial land purchases from the Lenni Lenape Native Americans in 1664.Water power and iron ore were likely the incentives that encouraged settlement: shortly after [the land was purchased], a man by the name of James Grover had an ironworks built along the river. Grover was likely the founder of the community, which, in the 1600s, was named "New Shrewsbury". At this time, the waterfall was known to be about 30 feet (9.1 m) high; erosion and the destruction of the dam near the ironworks have led to its diminishment.
Grover's ironworks was the central fixture of the community, and it was one of the oldest built in the country, predated only by buildings in Jamestown and Massachusetts. In 1675, a half-interest in the ironworks company was purchased by Colonel Lewis Morris, [who obtained a title granting him 3,540 acres (14.3 km2) along the Shrewsbury River]. Morris also obtained land owned by Bartholomew Applegate, who had built a corn mill on the other side of the river. Morris, who procured the land for iron mining, named his holdings "Tintern Manor," after his family lands in Monmouthshire, Great Britain.Tintern Abbey, located in Monmouthshire, Wales, is often accepted as the namesake of Tinton Falls.
Tintern Abbey in Monmouthshire, Wales, is often accepted as the namesake of Tinton Falls.
In 1691, Colonel Morris died, leaving the ironworks and Tinton Manor (a corruption of "Tintern Manor") to his nephew of the same name. By 1714, the ironworks had become less profitable, but mention of a Tinton Falls ironworks can be found as late as 1844. Morris brought in dozens of African slaves to mine the ore resulting in the nickname the "Iron Plantation", with the highest number of slaves being in Tinton Falls at that time in the colony of New Jersey, though in the mid-18th century it had the largest number of emancipated slaves in the 13 colonies, as residents followed the preaching of abolitionist John Woolman.
Separation from Shrewsbury Township
In 1693, Tinton Manor and the surrounding lands were defined as part of Shrewsbury Township. At this time, Shrewsbury included all of the land in eastern Monmouth County, but lost land due to the creation of a large number of new municipalities over the years, including the borough of Shrewsbury in 1926. In July 1950, Tinton Falls and Wayside left Shrewsbury Twp., renaming themselves the Borough of New Shrewsbury. To avoid postal confusion and mix-ups with the surrounding borough and township of Shrewsbury, the residents of New Shrewsbury voted to rename the community as "The Borough of Tinton Falls" in 1975.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 15.60 square miles (40.41 km2), including 15.48 square miles (40.08 km2) of land and 0.13 square miles (0.33 km2) of water (0.83%).
Of the 8,355 households, 21.9% had children under the age of 18; 43.7% were married couples living together; 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present and 46.6% were non-families. Of all households, 42.3% were made up of individuals and 27.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.95.
19.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 23.2% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 25.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.9 years. For every 100 females, the population had 78.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 74.2 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $78,894 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,470) and the median family income was $99,231 (+/- $8,633). Males had a median income of $72,478 (+/- $8,954) versus $53,956 (+/- $7,492) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $40,149 (+/- $2,077). About 3.2% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.
There were 5,883 households, out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the borough the population was spread out, with 25.5% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 36.4% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $68,697, and the median income for a family was $79,773. Males had a median income of $58,098 versus $37,857 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,520. About 2.6% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over.
Jersey Shore Premium Outlets is an outdoor shopping mall that opened in November 2008 with 120 outlet stores and a food court, offering a gross leasable area of 435,000 square feet (40,400 m2).
The Tinton Falls Solar Farm is a 28.5-megawatt solar photovoltaic power plant covering 170 acres (69 ha), that contains 85,000 ground-mounted solar panels that has been the state's largest and was New Jersey's largest and one of the largest solar farms in the northeast United States at the time of its construction.
Commvault Systems, founded in 1996, is a publicly traded data management and information management software company. Commvault's global headquarters are in Tinton Falls.
Parks and recreation
Overlook by the Falls, located near the town's waterfalls (the namesake for the town), is a wildlife area where trails have been added to allow visitors to view the falls and the local fauna.
Borough parks include Hockhockson Park, with three baseball fields and basketball courts, Liberty II Park, with two football fields, a softball field and basketball courts, Riverdale West Park, with two soccer fields and a basketball court and the Sycamore Recreation Complex, which offers six lighted multi-purpose fields, among the borough's other parks and recreation facilities.
The Twin Brook Golf Center is a public 9-hole golf course, 18-hole miniature golf course, and driving range.
The Borough of Tinton Falls operates under the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, using the Mayor-Council form of municipal government (Plan 6), implemented by direct petition as of July 1, 1985. The borough is one of 71 municipalities (of the 565) statewide governed under this form. The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the Borough Council. The Mayor is the chief executive officer of the Borough and is directly elected for a four-year term of office. The Borough Council is the legislative body, comprised of five members elected at-large on a non-partisan basis for four-year terms on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for election every other year as part of the November general election, with the mayoral seat up for vote at the same time that two council seats are being chosen by voters. A business administrator reports to, and may act on behalf of the Mayor, in the Mayor's absence. The Borough Council voted in May 2010 to shift its elections from May to the November general election, as part of an effort to increase participation of voters and to cut costs associated with the May elections, with savings estimated at nearly $100,000 during the first decade after the change was implemented in the November 2011 vote.
As of 2020[update], the mayor of Tinton Falls is Vito Perillo, whose term of office ends December 31, 2021. Perillo, a 93-year-old World War II veteran and former engineer who won the non-partisan race by a 2,600–2,300 margin in his first run for elected office, ran on a platform of lowering taxes and improving transparency. Members of the Borough Council are Council President Tracy A. Buckley (2023), Deputy Council President Risa Clay (2023), John A. Manginelli (2021), Michael J. Nesci (2023) and Brock Siebert (2021).
The borough is protected by the Tinton Falls Police Department, led by Chief John A. Scrivanic.
Tinton Falls is covered by four fire companies, split into two fire districts. Wayside Fire Company (36–2), founded in 1919, and Pinebrook Fire Company (36–3) are in Fire District 1. Tinton Falls Fire Company No. 1 (36–1), established in 1932, and Northside Engine Company (36–4), founded in 1955, which make up Fire District 2.
Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director. As of 2020[update], Monmouth County's Freeholders are
Freeholder Director Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2022; term as freeholder director ends 2021),
Freeholder Deputy Director Susan M. Kiley (R, Hazlet Township, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2021; term as deputy freeholder director ends 2021),Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township, 2020),
Nick DiRocco (R, Wall Township, 2022), and
Patrick G. Impreveduto (R, Holmdel Township, 2020).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 12,196 registered voters in Tinton Falls, of which 3,425 (28.1%) were registered as Democrats, 2,731 (22.4%) were registered as Republicans and 6,033 (49.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 7 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 51.9% of the vote (4,788 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 46.9% (4,329 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (108 votes), among the 9,286 ballots cast by the borough's 12,714 registered voters (61 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 73.0%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 51.9% of the vote (5,065 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 45.9% (4,483 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (104 votes), among the 9,763 ballots cast by the borough's 12,498 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.1%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 50.7% of the vote (4,476 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 48.0% (4,236 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (72 votes), among the 8,825 ballots cast by the borough's 11,432 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 77.2.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 67.7% of the vote (3,811 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 31.3% (1,759 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (58 votes), among the 5,696 ballots cast by the borough's 12,784 registered voters (68 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 44.6%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 56.9% of the vote (3,740 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 35.1% (2,307 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.6% (437 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (51 votes), among the 6,576 ballots cast by the borough's 12,354 registered voters, yielding a 53.2% turnout.
Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend Monmouth Regional High School, located in Tinton Falls. The school also serves students from Eatontown, Tinton Falls and Naval Weapons Station Earle. As of the 2018–19 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 972 students and 91.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.7:1. Seats on the high school district's nine-member board of education are allocated based on the populations of the constituent municipalities, with five seats assigned to Tinton Falls.
Ranney School is a coeducational, nonsectarian K-12 private school founded in 1960; its campus occupies 60 acres (24 ha) off of Hope Road.Trinity Hall is an all-girls independent high school in the Catholic tradition, founded in 2013.
Roads and highways
The Garden State Parkway's interchange with Route 18 and Route 36 in Tinton Falls
Major highways passing through Tinton Falls include the Garden State Parkway,Route 18,Route 33, and Route 66. Tinton Falls houses exits 100 (including the Monmouth Service Area), 102, 105, and 109 on the parkway, including a high-speed toll gate, and the southern start/end of the express and local carriageways, although the borough is listed only on signs for exit 105.
Major county roads that pass through Tinton Falls are CR 520 (Newman Springs Road, which crosses the northern portion of the borough),CR 537 (Tinton Avenue, which also crosses the northern portion of the borough from Colts Neck Township in the west to Eatontown in the east) and County Route 547 (Shafto Road), which enters from Wall Township at the borough's southwest corner and proceeds northeast towards Eatontown.
Other limited access road that are accessible outside the borough include Interstate 195 in neighboring Wall Township.
Tinton Falls Library, one of the member libraries of the Monmouth County Library System. Established in 1961 as the New Shrewsbury Public Library Association, the name was changed to its current title in 1975.
^ abcCheslow, Jerry. "If You're Thinking of Living In/Tinton Falls, N.J.; An Old Area That Has Bloomed Lately", The New York Times, July 22, 2001. Accessed August 9, 2012. "The split left the old Shrewsbury Township with just the three streets that held the high-density housing. And the sparsely populated breakaway borough adopted the name New Shrewsbury, which it changed to Tinton Falls in 1975 to eliminate postal confusion.... Slavery: The Tinton Iron Works, started in 1674, was nicknamed 'the Iron Plantation' because it owned 60 or more black slaves.... According to a local history, the congregants took Woolman's message to heart. Shrewsbury Township, which included Tinton Falls, led the colonies in the number of slaves emancipated by owners during the pre-Revolutionary period. "
^Edmund Constantini (1998). Know Your Town: Tinton Falls. The League of Women Voters, Greater Red Bank Area.
^Phalon, Richard. "Towns Act to End A Mixup on Names; Towns Seek to End Mixup Over Towns", The New York Times, April 20, 1975. Accessed October 28, 2013. "What's in a name? Confusion, if you happen to live in the Monmouth County community of New Shrewsbury (as distinguished from neighboring Shrewsbury Township and the Borough of Shrewsbury) or in the Ocean County community of Dover Township (as distinguished from, Dover, which is in Morris County, well to the north)."
^Johnson, Tim. "The List: Counting Down New Jersey’s 10 Largest Solar Farms", NJ Spotlight, June 9, 2014. Accessed March 11, 2020. "1. Tinton Falls Solar Farm, LLC: 19.9 megawatts The farm is located on 100 acres of land in the Monmouth County community has 85,000 ground-mounted solar panels providing electricity to the power grid, enough to power about 3,000 homes."
^Shark River Park, Monmouth County Park System. Accessed October 12, 2015. "Take in some fresh air and the beauty of nature while picnicking in Shark River Park. The Park System's first park, opened in 1961, occupies 946 acres on either side of the Shark River in Neptune and Wall Townships and Tinton Falls."
^Home page, Twin Brook Golf Center. Accessed October 28, 2013.
^Government Overview, Borough of Tinton Falls. Accessed March 11, 2020. "The Borough of Tinton Falls, since July 1, 1985, has operated under the Mayor - Council form of government pursuant to the Faulkner Act, Chapter 69A of title 40 of the New Jersey Statutes. The Mayor is the Chief Executive Officer of the Borough and is elected for a four year term. The Borough Council is the legislative body, which consists of five members elected at-large for staggered four year terms."
^Walter, Kenny. "Tinton Falls elections will be moved to fall; Boro cites cost savings, higher voter turnout", The Hub, June 3, 2010. Accessed October 28, 2013. "In a move that is expected to eventually save close to $100,000 and boost voter turnout, the Tinton Falls Borough Council agreed to move the municipal election date to coincide with the fall general election. By a 4–1 vote at the May 18 meeting, the council adopted an ordinance that will move the nonpartisan spring municipal election to November beginning in 2011."
^Napoliello, Alex. "Meet the 93-year-old World War II vet who scored underdog win in mayor race", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, November 8, 2017. Accessed November 10, 2017. "But the 93-year-old underdog, a World War II veteran, was undeterred. When the returns were counted, Perillo had scored a big upset and ousted Mayor Gerald Turning by 300 votes in the non-partisan election for the Monmouth County borough of 19,000 residents.... In his first try for public office, Perillo said he ran on a platform of greater transparency and lowering the municipal tax rate.... According to unofficial results from the Monmouth County Clerk's Office, Perillo received 2,611 votes to Turning's 2,311."
^Biography, Congressman Chris Smith. Accessed January 3, 2019. "Elected in 1980, U.S. Rep. Chris Smith (R-Hamilton, N.J.) is currently in his 19th two-year term in the U.S. House of Representatives, and serves residents of the Fourth Congressional District of New Jersey."
^Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "Menendez, who started his political career in Union City, moved in September from Paramus to one of Harrison's new apartment buildings near the town's PATH station.."
^. United States Senate. Accessed April 30, 2021. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
^Tinton Falls Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, Tinton Falls School District. Accessed May 18, 2020. "Purpose The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Kindergarten through eight in the Tinton Falls School District. Composition: The Tinton Falls School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of Tinton Falls and Shrewsbury Township."
^DeNicola, Linda. "Boro grapples with issue of educating military kids; School district says agreement was for Navy dependents only", Atlanticville, February 15, 2007. Accessed May 18, 2020. "Whether or not the Tinton Falls School District is obligated to educate all children living at Naval Weapons Station Earle in Colts Neck, is expected to be an issue with ramifications for taxpayers in the borough school district.... The resolution states that the education of non-Navy dependent children who will remain at NWS Earle for several more years, as well as additional non-Navy dependent children who will reside at NWS Earle in the future, was never contemplated in the 1988 agreement and is an unfair tax burden to the taxpayers of the Borough of Tinton Falls and the Township of Shrewsbury."
^Home page, Shrewsbury Township. Accessed October 28, 2013. "Public school students in grades K through 8 attend the three schools in the Tinton Falls School District. The district is a regional district that also serves students from the neighboring community of Tinton Falls. Shrewsbury Township is represented with one seat out of nine on the district's board of education."
^Monmouth Regional High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 28, 2016. "Monmouth Regional is a comprehensive high school serving a culturally diverse student population of approximately 1050 students. Pupils attending reside in the Monmouth County communities of Eatontown, Shrewsbury Township, and Tinton Falls. In addition, some students come from the military facility of Earle Naval Weapons Station."
^Lehmann-Haupt, Christopher. "Robert Giroux, Publisher, Dies at 94", The New York Times, September 5, 2008. Accessed November 7, 2013. "Robert Giroux, an editor and publisher who introduced and nurtured some of the major authors of the 20th century and ultimately added his name to one of the nation's most distinguished publishing houses, died on Friday in Tinton Falls, N.J.... He died in his sleep at Seabrook Village, an independent-living center, a niece, Kathleen Mulvehill, said."
^Mullen, Shannon via Asbury Park Press. "N.J. father, son adjusting after Brazil abduction drama", USA Today, May 9, 2011. Accessed November 7, 2013. "David Goldman and his 10-year-old son, Sean Goldman, go over the fifth-grader's math homework at their home in Tinton Falls, N.J. Goldman became the poster dad for the issue of international child abductions when his ex-wife ran off to Brazil with Sean and didn't come back. He finally got custody of his son in 2009."
^Fingeroth, Danny; and Thomas, Roy. The Stan Lee Universe, p. 8. TwoMorrows Publishing, 2011. ISBN9781605490298. Accessed October 12, 2015. "Joe is the quieter of the two partners.... He is the product of both the Philadelphia Bulletin and the Philadelphia Daily News art departments and now freelances out of New Shrewsbury, N. J., where he, his wife and three daughters live."
^Carino, Jerry. "College Corner: Rutgers' Reed wins prestigious award", Asbury Park Press, December 7, 2015. Accessed May 18, 2020. "The consummate team player on the pitch, Brianne Reed earned the ultimate individual honor off it. After leading the Rutgers women’s soccer team to the NCAA Tournament semifinals, the Tinton Falls native and Red Bank Catholic graduate earned the Division I Senior CLASS Award."
^Triblehorn, Chuck. "Calendar benefits gridders", Red Bank Register, September 11, 1974. Accessed October 25, 2017. "Ocean Township's Jim Falco has joined New Shrewsbury's Bill Kahl-Winter of Monmouth Regional on the Princeton varsity football squad."