Muhammad Tito Karnavian
|29th Minister of Home Affairs|
|Assumed office |
23 October 2019
|Vice President||Ma'ruf Amin|
|Preceded by||Tjahjo Kumolo|
|23rd Chief of National Police of Indonesia|
13 July 2016 – 22 October 2019
|Preceded by||Badrodin Haiti|
|Succeeded by||Ari Dono Sukmanto (Acting)|
|Chief of National Agency for Combating Terrorism (BNPT)|
16 March 2016 – 13 July 2016
|Preceded by||Saud Usman Nasution|
|Succeeded by||Suhardi Alius|
|Born||26 October 1964|
Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia
|Alma mater||"Akpol" (Indonesian National Police Academy) (1987)|
University of Exeter (1993)
Nanyang Technological University (2013)
|Awards||"Adhi Makayasa" (1987)|
|Years of service||1987–2019|
|Unit||"Reserse" (Crime investigation)|
Police-General (Ret.) Muhammad Tito Karnavian is an Indonesian politician and retired police general who is currently appointed Minister of Home Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia. He was Chief of the Indonesian National Police since 13 July 2016 till 23 October 2019. He is the replacement of the previous chief, Badrodin Haiti that served from 17 April 2015 to 13 July 2016. On 15 June 2016, Tito was proposed by Indonesian President Joko Widodo to be the Chief of the Indonesian National Police replacing Badrodin Haiti who now officially retired from the service. On 23 June 2016, he was confirmed unanimously by Indonesian House of Representatives and inaugurated by President Joko Widodo on 13 July 2016.
Tito rejected to extend the validity recommendation to hardline Islamic group Front Pembela Islam (FPI) by claiming that the group has a 'Islamic caliphate' (khilafah islamiyah) purpose which he connected with ISIS-style caliphate and without national ideology of 'Pancasila', while former Religion Minister Fachrul Razi had allowed the recommendation to the group as long as the members ready to vow that Pancasila as their ideology. This polemic leading to a force disbandment of Front Pembela Islam on 30 December 2020, after Fachrul Razi was replaced as Religion Minister.
During pandemic in 2020, he issued a ministerial decree claiming that local leaders (governors or mayors) would be directly sacked by Home Minister if they violated health regulations. However, senior lawyer Yusril Ihza Mahendra explained that no minister, nor even president, had the rights to remove local leaders from their position because they were constitutionally elected by the people and only the parliament as people's representatives had the lawful rights to depose the local leaders through impeachment process.
Shortly after his inauguration as Home Affairs Minister in October 2019, Tito confirmed that there would be a formation of a South Papua province, which was to be split from Papua.
Later on, in April 2021, Tito proposed on spliting Western New Guinea into six provinces; Southwest Papua, West Papua, Central Papua, Central Mountains, South Papua, and Papua Tabi Saireri.