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Toktar Aubakirov
Stamp of Kazakhstan 276.jpg
Toktar Aubakirov on a 1999 stamp of Kazakhstan
Born (1946-07-27) 27 July 1946 (age 76)
OccupationTest pilot
AwardsHero of the Kazakhstan
Hero of the Soviet Union
Space career
RankMajor General
Time in space
7d 22h 12m
Selection1991 Cosmonaut Group
MissionsSoyuz TM-13, Soyuz TM-12
Mission insignia
Soyuz TM-13 patch.png

Toktar Ongarbayuly Aubakirov (Kazakh: Тоқтар Оңғарбайұлы Әубәкіров (Toqtar Oñğarbaiūly Äubäkırov), Russian: Токтар Онгарбаевич Аубакиров, born on 27 July 1946) is a retired Kazakh Air Force officer and a former cosmonaut. He is the first person from Kazakhstan to go to space.[1]

Early life

Toktar Aubakirov was born in Karkaraly district, Karaganda region, Kazakh SSR, which is now Kazakhstan. After graduating from the 8th grade of a secondary school he started working as a metal turner at the Temirtau foundry, whilst attending an evening school. In 1965 he joined the Armavir Military Aviation Institute of the Anti-Air Defence Pilots. He served as a fighter pilot in the Soviet Air Force on the Far East borders of the USSR until his acceptance into the Fedotov Test Pilot School in 1975.

Test pilot career

Between 1976 and 1991 he served as a test pilot at the Mikoyan Experimental Design Bureau (MiG aircraft). During this time he tested over 50 types of aircraft. The first in the Soviet Union to make a nonstop flight crossing the North Pole and with two in-flight refueling, the first in the Soviet Union who took off from the aircraft-carrier Tbilisi (later named Kuznetsov) on a MiG 29K.

Spaceflight experience

In 1991, in accordance with an agreement between the governments of the USSR and the Kazakh SSR, started training at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. On 2 October 1991 he launched with Russian cosmonaut Alexander Volkov as flight commander, and the Austrian research cosmonaut Franz Viehböck in Soyuz TM-13 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome spaceport, and spent over eight days in space. Their mission was the last launched by the Soviet Union, which dissolved shortly thereafter, with Aubakirov becoming a citizen of the independent Republic of Kazakhstan.


Since 1993, he has been the general director of the National Aerospace Agency of Republic of Kazakhstan. He was a member of the Kazakhstan parliament. Now he is a pensioner and consultant.


Toktar Aubakirov is married to Tatyana Aubakirova. They have two children: Timur (born in 1977) and Mikhail (born in 1982).

Awards and honors

Featured on a stamp
Featured on a stamp

See also


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 10 October 2019.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)