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Tongchuan
铜川市
Tungchwan
Yintai, Tongchuan, Shaanxi, China - panoramio.jpg
Location of Tongchuan Prefecture within Shaanxi
Location of Tongchuan Prefecture within Shaanxi
Coordinates (Tongchuan municipal government): 34°53′49″N 108°56′42″E / 34.897°N 108.945°E / 34.897; 108.945Coordinates: 34°53′49″N 108°56′42″E / 34.897°N 108.945°E / 34.897; 108.945
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceShaanxi
Municipal seatYaozhou District
Area
 • Total3,882 km2 (1,499 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[1]
 • Total834,437
 • Density210/km2 (560/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-SN-02
Websitetongchuan.gov.cn

Tongchuan (simplified Chinese: 铜川; traditional Chinese: 銅川; pinyin: Tóngchuān; lit. 'copper river') is a prefecture-level city located in central Shaanxi province, People's Republic of China on the southern fringe of the Loess Plateau that defines the northern half of the province (Shanbei) and the northern reaches of the Guanzhong Plain.

Economy

Tongchuan’s main industries are coal, building materials, machinery, textile and chemical and aluminium industry. Pottery and porcelain, with Yaozhou Kiln products are particularly well known. Tongchuan also produces medicines and food products.

Farm products include apples, hot peppers, Chinese prickly ash, garlic, flue-cured tobacco, walnuts and precious Chinese medicine herbs. Apple wine, apple vinegar, apple soft drink which are made of apples and processing products of hot pepper, walnut etc. are well known in China and are exported to Southeast Asia.

Geography

Climate data for Tongchuan (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
6.4
(43.5)
11.7
(53.1)
18.7
(65.7)
23.7
(74.7)
27.9
(82.2)
28.8
(83.8)
27.0
(80.6)
22.4
(72.3)
16.8
(62.2)
10.4
(50.7)
4.8
(40.6)
16.8
(62.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.8
(27.0)
0.5
(32.9)
5.5
(41.9)
12.1
(53.8)
17.2
(63.0)
21.4
(70.5)
23.2
(73.8)
21.7
(71.1)
16.9
(62.4)
11.0
(51.8)
4.3
(39.7)
−1.3
(29.7)
10.8
(51.5)
Average low °C (°F) −6.9
(19.6)
−3.6
(25.5)
1.0
(33.8)
6.7
(44.1)
11.4
(52.5)
15.7
(60.3)
18.5
(65.3)
17.5
(63.5)
12.9
(55.2)
6.9
(44.4)
0.2
(32.4)
−5.1
(22.8)
6.3
(43.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6.6
(0.26)
9.1
(0.36)
21.1
(0.83)
31.1
(1.22)
52.3
(2.06)
66.8
(2.63)
115.7
(4.56)
126.8
(4.99)
92.9
(3.66)
49.1
(1.93)
17.1
(0.67)
5.6
(0.22)
594.2
(23.39)
Average relative humidity (%) 57 57 59 59 62 62 74 78 78 74 66 58 65
Source: China Meteorological Administration[2]

Administrative divisions

Tongchuan city currently comprises 3 administrative county-level subdivisions including 3 district and 1 county.

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km²) Density (/km²) Post code
Wangyi District 王益区 Wángyì Qū 200,230 162 1,236 727000
Yintai District 印台区 Yìntái Qū 217,509 627 347 727000
Yaozhou District 耀州区 Yàozhōu Qū 251,860 1,572 160 727100
Yijun County 宜君县 Yíjūn Xiàn 91,160 1,476 64 727200

Transportation

Tourism

There are the ruins of the Yaozhou Kiln, the remains of Yuhua Palace, and many rare historical relics. The Forest of Stone Sculptures on Yaowang Mountain is a major historical relic under state protection.

References

  1. ^ 铜川市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. Tongchuan Bureau of Statistics. 2011-06-09. Retrieved 2020-04-28. Archived 2012-03-25 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-16.