Tongji University
TypeNational, Public
EstablishedOctober 1, 1907
PresidentChen Jie
Academic staff
CampusSiping Road Campus (1239 Siping Road, Yangpu District, Shanghai, 200092)
Jiading Campus (4800 Caoan Road, Jiading District, Shanghai, 201804)

Tongji University (simplified Chinese: 同济大学; traditional Chinese: 同濟大學; pinyin: Tóngjì Dàxué) is a comprehensive university located in Shanghai. Established in 1907 by the German government together with German physicians in Shanghai, Tongji is one of the longest-standing, most selective,[2] and most prestigious universities in China under the Project 985. It is a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University.[3]

Tongji University is especially renowned for its engineering, architecture and business programs. The university possesses a faculty of more than 2,803 scholars, including 27 members from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering.[4] Currently, Tongji University owns 29 colleges, 8 affiliated hospitals, and 6 affiliated primary and secondary schools.

The College of Civil Engineering is considered the best in the world according to several widely cited international rankings, including Shanghai Ranking, U.S. News Rankings, URAP ranking and NTU Ranking.[5][6][7][8] Tongji's architecture program is also considered to be among the best in the world, ranking as the number 13 architecture school worldwide in the 2021 QS World University Rankings[9] and the top overall architecture program in China according to China's University and College Admission System (CACUS).[10] The School of Design and Innovation was ranked 13th among art and design schools worldwide in 2020, and the top in Asia, according to QS.[11] The School of Economics and Management (Tongji SEM) is one of 74 business schools in the world being triple accredited by the European Quality Improvement System (EQUIS), the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) and the Association of MBAs (AMBA).[12] Tongji University is a member of the Yangtze Delta Universities Alliance[citation needed] and Asian-European Laotse Universities Network.[13] According to the 2022 QS World University Rankings, Tongji University ranked 8th nationally.[14]


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The history of Tongji University can be traced back to 1907 when the German Medical School for the Chinese in Shanghai was founded by the German government together with the German physicians Erich Paulun, Oscar von Schab and Paul Krieg. The school was affiliated with the Tongji-Hospital the German physicians had established in Shanghai on the initiative of Paulun.[15] The name Tongji, which is a phonetic approximation in Shanghainese of German deutsche ("German"), suggests cooperating by riding the same boat. The school was expanded to include engineering in its programs and got its new name as German Medical and Engineering School for the Chinese in Shanghai in 1912.[16] It was formally established as a Chinese university under the name of Tongji University in 1923/1924 and was renamed as National Tongji University in 1927. During the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945), the university campus was moved from Shanghai first to Zhejiang Province, then to Jiangxi Province and Yunnan Province and later to Sichuan Province. It was eventually moved back to Shanghai in 1946.[17] It then grew to be a comprehensive university which offered programs in science, engineering, medicine, arts, and law. Following a nationwide campaign of reorganizing schools and departments between universities in 1952, Tongji University became a university knowns for its civil engineering and architecture programs. Tongji is also the first university that introduced Urban Planning into China. In 1952, the first twelve full professors of Tongji are: Li Guohao, 周念先 (Zhou Nianxian), 钱仲毅 (Qian Zhongyi), 陈超 (Chen Chao), 周方白 (周圭), 李寿康, et al.

As a university which had established a reputation for its research, Tongji became one of the first batch of universities which were authorized by the China State Council to establish its Graduate School. As one of the leading universities, it was successful in its application for the 211 Program which provided universities with substantial government fund. In 1995, the university became one to be jointly supported by the State Education Commission and the Shanghai Municipal Government. In 1996 the university merged with Shanghai Institute of Urban Construction and Shanghai Institute of Building Materials. The merger was acknowledged by the State Council as "Tongji Model" in the system renovation of higher institutions in China. In April 2000, the expanded Tongji merged again with Shanghai Railway University. Now Tongji University has become a comprehensive university which offers a wide range of programs in science, engineering, medicine, arts, law, economics and management.[18]



Tongji University
Tongji University

The university now registers over 50,000 students at all levels from certificate and diploma courses to Bachelor's Degrees, Master's, Ph.D. programs and post doctoral attachments. There are over 4,200 academic staff for teaching and/or research, among whom there are 6 Members of Chinese Academy of Science, 7 Members of Chinese Academy of Engineering, over 530 professors and 1,300 associate professors. The university offers diverse courses in its 81 Bachelor's degrees, 151 Masters, 58 PhD programs and 13 post doctoral mobile stations. Tongji University is particularly famous for its Civil Engineering and Architecture programs. Its Civil Engineering, Architecture programs and Transportation Engineering are ranked Top 1 in P.R. China and its architecture program is by far the most difficult to gain entry into. As one of the state leading centers for scientific research, the university has 5 state key laboratories and engineering research centres.[citation needed]

The university is active in promoting cooperation and exchanges with other countries. It has established links with Australia, Austria, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Spain,[23] Switzerland, UK and USA in the fields of education, science, technology and economics. A number of international joint programs have been established between the university and its counterparts in other countries in recent years. In 2006, the university enrolled 1,829 international students.[24]

Anniversary Day

On June 3, 1907, German Medical School was opened in Shanghai. On October 1 of the same year, a ceremony was held. The Anniversary Day was initially set to May 18, on which day in 1924 the Wusong campus was opened. In 1925 and 1926, ceremonies were held on May 18. On the staff meeting on January 19, 1931, the Anniversary Day of National Tongji University was decided to be postponed to May 20, two days after the national mourn with half-mast over the death of Mr. Chen Yingshi (Chen Qimei), a politician.[25] Tongji celebrates the Anniversary Day on May 20 since then.[citation needed]

Coincidentally, on May 20 of 1924, Tongji Medical School was approved to be a "university" by the Department of Education of China. At that moment, both the medical school and the engineering school were approved.[citation needed]


Tongji University is titled the State-level Garden Unit for Excellent Afforestation. lts five campuses are located in the municipal city of Shanghai, covering an area of 2,460,000 m2. The Siping Campus is situated on Siping Road; the West Campus on Zhennan Road; the North Campus on Gonghexing Road; the East Campus on Wudong Road and the Jiading Campus is located in Shanghai International Automobile City in Anting, Jiading District. In the year 2009, the East Campus was sold to Shanghai University of Finance and Economics.[26]


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Colleges, schools and departments

Institutes and centres

State key laboratories

National research centre

Key provincial-level and ministerial-level laboratories

Key provincial-level and ministerial-level research centres

State key disciplines

Members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

Members of the Chinese Academy of Engineering


Tongji has a strategic partnership with Technische Universität Darmstadt and Technische Universität Graz.[29][30]

Rankings and reputation

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[31]151-200 (2021)
QS World[32]211 (2022)
THE World[33]301-350 (2022)
THE Reputation[34]176-200 (2020)
USNWR Global[35]251 (2021)
Regional – Overall
USNWR Asia[36]32 (2021)
National – Overall
QS National[37]8 (2022)
THE National[38]13 (2022)
USNWR National[39]13 (2021)

Tongji is ranked 211th in the world according to the 2022 QS World University Rankings.[40]

The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2022 placed Tongji 301–350th worldwide and 13th in China.[41]


Erich Paulun
Erich Paulun

Noted alumni

This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability policy. Please improve this article by removing names that do not have independent reliable sources showing they merit inclusion in this article AND are alumni, or by incorporating the relevant publications into the body of the article through appropriate citations. (August 2018)

Some noted alumni of Tongji University are:

See also


  1. ^ 同济大学章程 (Chinese) (PDF). Tongji University. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 22, 2014. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
  2. ^ "2019版中国大学录取分数总排名(完整数据)".
  3. ^ 教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 [Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines].
  4. ^ "统计概览-同济大学". Retrieved 2020-05-03.
  5. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects". Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  6. ^ "Top Civil Engineering Schools in the World - US News Education". Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  7. ^ "Subject Ranking". Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  8. ^ "URAP - University Ranking by Academic Academic Performance 2020-2021 Subject Rankings". Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  9. ^ "QS Reveals the World's Top Universities for Architecture in 2021". 8 March 2021.
  10. ^ "Top Architecture Universities | Top Architecture Universities in China".
  11. ^ "Art & Design 2020". QS World Rankings: Art and Design Schools. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  12. ^ "The Triple Accredited Business Schools (AACSB, AMBA, EQUIS)". MBA Today.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-07-11. Retrieved 2016-09-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2022". Top Universities. Retrieved 2021-08-20.
  15. ^ See Roswitha Reinbothe (ed.), Tongji-Universität in Shanghai. Dokumente zur Gründungsgeschichte, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 2009.
  16. ^ The degrees granted by the German Medical College in Shanghai corresponded to the degrees granted by medical schools in Germany.
  17. ^ With a few exceptions, the German members of the Faculty of Medicine stayed behind in Shanghai and established in 1940 in the International Settlement the Shanghai German Medical Academy (Deutsche medizinische Akademie Shanghai; alternative spelling Schanghai). The school functioned at 82 Tongfu Road (later Shimenyi Road) and at #10, 100 Changshu Road, continuing medical and educational activities throughout the war. Upon the return of the National Tongji University to Shanghai, the Academy, with all its students, was re-integrated in the Faculty of Medicine. See (History of) #10, 100 Changshu Road (Shanghai) Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine, in Chinese.
  18. ^ tongji history Archived 2011-05-16 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ "走进上海老校园(廿二) 上海铁道学院".
  20. ^ "中国教育和科研计算机网CERNET".
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-12. Retrieved 2014-11-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ Chronology of Tongji University Archived 2007-08-31 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ "Search - Guni Network".
  24. ^ Today Archived 2007-09-02 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ Minutes of staff meetings of National Tongji University, Tongji Archives.
  26. ^ 上海财经大学武东路100号揭牌仪式隆重举行, (In Chinese).
  27. ^ Research Archived 2007-08-18 at the Wayback Machine
  28. ^ Key Disciplines Archived 2007-08-28 at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^ Darmstadt, Technische Universität. "Strategic Partnerships". Technische Universität Darmstadt. Retrieved 2019-07-27.
  30. ^ "Overview: Strategic Partnerships - TU Graz". Retrieved 2019-07-27.
  31. ^ "ARWU World University Rankings 2021 | Academic Ranking of World Universities 2021 | Top 1000 universities | Shanghai Ranking - 2021".
  32. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2022".
  33. ^
  34. ^ "THE World Reputation Rankings 2020".
  35. ^
  36. ^
  37. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2022".
  38. ^ "World University Rankings". 20 August 2019.
  39. ^
  40. ^ "Tongji University". Top Universities. Retrieved 2021-08-20.
  41. ^ "Tongji University". Times Higher Education (THE). 2021-09-04. Retrieved 2021-09-17.
  42. ^ Former Presidents Archived 2007-08-31 at the Wayback Machine
  43. ^ Alumni Archived 2007-08-18 at the Wayback Machine

Coordinates: 31°16′58″N 121°30′24″E / 31.2827°N 121.5066°E / 31.2827; 121.5066