Tongji University
TypeNational, Public
EstablishedOctober 1, 1907; 117 years ago (1907)
PresidentZheng Qinghua [zh]
Academic staff
CampusSiping Road Campus (1239 Siping Road, Yangpu District, Shanghai, 200092)
Jiading Campus (4800 Caoan Road, Jiading District, Shanghai, 201804)
AffiliationsExcellence League
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese同济大学
Traditional Chinese同濟大學

Tongji University is a public university located in Shanghai, China. It is affiliated with the Ministry of Education of China. The university is part of Project 211, Project 985, and the Double First-Class Construction.

Established in 1907 by German physicians in Shanghai, the university now has a faculty of more than 2,815 scholars, including 27 members from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering.[2] Currently, Tongji University owns 29 colleges, 11 affiliated hospitals, and 7 affiliated primary and secondary schools.[3]

Tongji is considered to be one of China's premier Universities, with its Civil Engineering, Architecture, and Design programs consistently ranking among the best in the world.


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The history of Tongji University can be traced back to 1907 when the German Medical School for the Chinese (Deutsche Medizinschule für Chinesen in Shanghai) in Shanghai was founded by the German government together with the German physicians Erich Paulun, Oscar von Schab and Paul Krieg. The school was affiliated with the Tongji-Hospital the German physicians had established in Shanghai on the initiative of Paulun.[4] The name Tongji, which is a phonetic approximation in Shanghainese of German deutsche ("German"), suggests cooperating by riding the same boat. The school was expanded to include engineering in its programs and got its new name as German Medical and Engineering School for the Chinese in Shanghai in 1912. It was formally established as a Chinese university under the name of Tongji University in 1923/1924 and was renamed as National Tongji University in 1927. During the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945), the university campus was moved from Shanghai first to Zhejiang Province, then to Jiangxi Province and Yunnan Province and later to Sichuan Province. It was eventually moved back to Shanghai in 1946.[note 1]

Tongji became one of the first universities authorized by the State Council to establish a graduate school. It became a member of the Project 211, which provided universities with substantial government fund. In 1995, the university became one to be jointly supported by the State Education Commission and the Shanghai Municipal Government. In 1996 the university merged with Shanghai Institute of Urban Construction and Shanghai Institute of Building Materials. The merger was acknowledged by the State Council as "Tongji Model" in the system renovation of higher institutions in China. In April 2000, the expanded Tongji merged again with Shanghai Railway University. The university is now a comprehensive university which offers a wide range of programs in science, engineering, medicine, arts, law, economics and management.[5]



Tongji University

The university now registers over 50,000 students at all levels from certificate and diploma courses to Bachelor's Degrees, Master's, Ph.D. programs and post doctoral attachments. There are over 4,200 academic staff for teaching and/or research, among whom there are 6 Members of Chinese Academy of Science, 7 Members of Chinese Academy of Engineering, over 530 professors and 1,300 associate professors. The university offers diverse courses in its 81 Bachelor's degrees, 151 Masters, 58 PhD programs and 13 post doctoral mobile stations. Tongji University is particularly famous for its Civil Engineering and Architecture programs. Its Civil Engineering, Architecture programs and Transportation Engineering are ranked Top 1 in P.R. China and its architecture program is by far the most difficult to gain entry into. As one of the state leading centers for scientific research, the university has 5 state key laboratories and engineering research centers.[citation needed]

The university is active in promoting cooperation and exchanges with other countries. It has established links with Australia, Austria, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Spain,[8] Switzerland, UK and USA in the fields of education, science, technology and economics. A number of international joint programs have been established between the university and its counterparts in other countries in recent years. In 2006, the university enrolled 1,829 international students.[9]

Anniversary Day

On June 3, 1907, German Medical School was opened in Shanghai. On October 1 of the same year, a ceremony was held. The Anniversary Day was initially set to May 18, on which day in 1924 the Wusong campus was opened. In 1925 and 1926, ceremonies were held on May 18. On the staff meeting on January 19, 1931, the Anniversary Day of National Tongji University was decided to be postponed to May 20, two days after the national mourn with half-mast over the death of Mr. Chen Yingshi (Chen Qimei), a politician.[10] Tongji celebrates the Anniversary Day on May 20 since then.[citation needed]

Coincidentally, on May 20 of 1924, Tongji Medical School was approved to be a "university" by the Department of Education of China. At that moment, both the medical school and the engineering school were approved.[citation needed]


Tongji University is titled the State-level Garden Unit for Excellent Afforestation. lts five campuses are located in the municipal city of Shanghai, covering an area of 2,460,000 m2. The Siping Campus is situated on Siping Road; the West Campus on Zhennan Road; the North Campus on Gonghexing Road; the East Campus on Wudong Road and the Jiading Campus is located in Shanghai International Automobile City in Anting, Jiading District. In the year 2009, the East Campus was sold to Shanghai University of Finance and Economics.[11]


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Colleges, schools and departments

Institutes and research centers

State key laboratories

National Research Center

Key provincial-level and ministerial-level laboratories

Key provincial-level and ministerial-level research centers

State key disciplines

Members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

Members of the Chinese Academy of Engineering


Tongji has a strategic partnership with Technische Universität Darmstadt, Technische Universität Graz and Ecole des Ponts ParisTech.[16][17][18]

Rankings and reputation

University rankings
BCUR National[19] Domestic 17
Wu Shulian National[20] Domestic 16
CUAA National[21] Alumni 16
QS National[22] General 8
THE National[23] General 13
QS Asia
(Asia version)[24]
General =49
THE Asia
(Asia version)[25]
General 27
ARWU World[26] Research 151–200
QS World[27] General 192
THE World[28] General =185
USNWR World[29] General =196

Tongji consistently features in the top 250th global universities as ranked by the Academic Ranking of World Universities, the QS World University Rankings, the Times Higher Education World University Rankings and the U.S. News & World Report Best Global Universities Ranking.[30][31][32][33]

Tongji ranked 212nd in the world according to the 2023 QS World University Rankings.[32]

The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2024 placed Tongji 185th worldwide and 12th in China.[33]

Tongji graduates are highly desired in China and worldwide. In 2017, its Graduate Employability rankings placed at #101 in the world in the QS Graduate Employability Rankings.[34] Tongji University is regarded as one of the most reputable Chinese universities by the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings where it ranked # 151 globally.[35]

Subject Rankings

College of Civil Engineering

The College of Civil Engineering is considered the best in the world according to several widely cited international rankings, including Shanghai Ranking, U.S. News Rankings, URAP ranking and NTU Ranking.[36][37][38][39]


The U.S. News & World Report Best Global University Ranking ranks Tongji University at 15th in engineering among Best Global Universities.[40]


Tongji's College of Architecture and Urban Planning is home to one of the best architecture programs in the world. As of 2022, Tongji University was ranked the best university in the world in "architecture" by the University Ranking by Academic Performance[41] and ranked as the number 12 architecture school worldwide in the QS World University Rankings[42] and the top overall architecture program in China according to China's University and College Admission System (CACUS).[43]

Arts and Design

The School of Design and Innovation was ranked 10th among art and design schools worldwide in 2023, and the top in Asia, according to QS.[44]


Erich Paulun

Notable alumni

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Some noted alumni of Tongji University are:

See also


  1. ^ With a few exceptions, the German members of the Faculty of Medicine stayed behind in Shanghai and established in 1940 in the International Settlement the Shanghai German Medical Academy (Deutsche medizinische Akademie Shanghai; alternative spelling Schanghai). The school functioned at 82 Tongfu Road (later Shimenyi Road) and at #10, 100 Changshu Road, continuing medical and educational activities throughout the war. Upon the return of the National Tongji University to Shanghai, the Academy, with all its students, was re-integrated in the Faculty of Medicine. See (History of) #10, 100 Changshu Road (Shanghai) Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine, in Chinese.


  1. ^ 同济大学章程 (Chinese) (PDF). Tongji University. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 22, 2014. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
  2. ^ "统计概览-同济大学". Retrieved February 28, 2023.
  3. ^ "附属单位及直管企业-同济大学". Retrieved February 28, 2023.
  4. ^ See Roswitha Reinbothe (ed.), Tongji-Universität in Shanghai. Dokumente zur Gründungsgeschichte, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 2009.
  5. ^ tongji history Archived 2011-05-16 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "同济大学医学院-历史沿革" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on November 12, 2014. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  7. ^ Chronology of Tongji University Archived 2007-08-31 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Search - Guni Network".
  9. ^ Today Archived 2007-09-02 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Minutes of staff meetings of National Tongji University, Tongji Archives.
  11. ^ 上海财经大学武东路100号揭牌仪式隆重举行, (In Chinese).
  12. ^ Research Archived 2007-08-18 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ Key Disciplines Archived 2007-08-28 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "中国科学院院士-同济大学" (in Chinese). Retrieved February 28, 2023.
  15. ^ "中国工程院院士-同济大学" (in Chinese). Retrieved February 28, 2023.
  16. ^ Darmstadt, Technische Universität. "Strategic Partnerships". Technische Universität Darmstadt. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  17. ^ "Overview: Strategic Partnerships - TU Graz". Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  18. ^ "Renewal of the cooperation with Tongji University |". April 11, 2022. Retrieved June 13, 2022.
  19. ^ "2024 Best Chinese Universities Ranking". Shanghai Ranking. 2024. Retrieved April 17, 2024.
  20. ^ "Wu Shulian University Ranking". Chinese Academy of Management Science. 2023. Retrieved March 5, 2024.
  21. ^ Chinese Universities Alumni Association (2024). "Alumni Association (22nd Edition): Chinese University Rankings 2024". Retrieved January 16, 2024. Alternative URL
  22. ^ "QS University Rankings 2025 - China (Mainland)". Top Universities. 2025. Retrieved June 4, 2024.
  23. ^ "THE University Rankings 2024 - China". Times Higher Education (THE). 2024. Retrieved October 21, 2023.
  24. ^ "QS World University Rankings: Asia 2024". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2024. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  25. ^ "Asia University Rankings 2024". Times Higher Education. 2024. Retrieved April 30, 2024.
  26. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2023. Retrieved August 20, 2023.
  27. ^ "QS World University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2025. Retrieved June 4, 2024.
  28. ^ "THE World University Rankings". Times Higher Education. 2024. Retrieved October 21, 2023.
  29. ^ U.S.News & World Report (2022). "Best Global Universities - US News". Retrieved July 20, 2023.
  30. ^ Tongji University US News
  31. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Academic Ranking of World Universities". Retrieved October 13, 2022.
  32. ^ a b "Tongji University". Top Universities. Retrieved October 13, 2022.
  33. ^ a b "Tongji University". Times Higher Education (THE). June 24, 2022. Retrieved September 27, 2023.
  34. ^ "Graduate Employability Rankings 2017". Top Universities. Archived from the original on October 14, 2017.
  35. ^ "World Reputation Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). October 25, 2021. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  36. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects". Retrieved August 26, 2021.
  37. ^ "Top Civil Engineering Schools in the World - US News Education". Retrieved November 8, 2020.
  38. ^ "Subject Ranking". Retrieved August 26, 2021.
  39. ^ "URAP - University Ranking by Academic Academic Performance 2020-2021 Subject Rankings". Retrieved August 26, 2021.
  40. ^ "US News: Best Global Universities for Engineering 2022". U.S. News & World Report. October 26, 2021. Retrieved October 26, 2021.
  41. ^ "URAP - University Ranking by Academic Academic Performance". Retrieved July 20, 2023.
  42. ^ "QS World University Rankings for Architecture & Built Environment 2022". Top Universities. Retrieved July 20, 2023.
  43. ^ "Top Architecture Universities | Top Architecture Universities in China".
  44. ^ "QS World University Rankings for Art & Design 2023". Top Universities. Retrieved July 20, 2023.
  45. ^ Former Presidents Archived 2007-08-31 at the Wayback Machine
  46. ^ "郑庆华同志任同济大学校长 - 中华人民共和国教育部". 中华人民共和国教育部 (in Chinese). February 24, 2023.
  47. ^ Alumni Archived 2007-08-18 at the Wayback Machine

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