Tongzhou
通州区
Tungchow
Tongzhou in Nantong
Nantong in Jiangsu
Coordinates: 32°03′51″N 121°04′30″E / 32.0642°N 121.0751°E / 32.0642; 121.0751Coordinates: 32°03′51″N 121°04′30″E / 32.0642°N 121.0751°E / 32.0642; 121.0751
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJiangsu
Prefecture-level cityNantong
Area
 • Total906 km2 (350 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total1,675,000
 • Density1,800/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
101149, 101100

Tongzhou District (simplified Chinese: 通州区; traditional Chinese: 通州區; pinyin: Tōngzhōu Qū), formerly Tongzhou City, is one of three urban districts of Nantong, Jiangsu province, China. It was a county-level city under the administration of Nantong until 2010, when it became a district of Nantong. As of 2010, Tongzhou had a population of 1,246,400.

History

The district takes its name from its former position as the capital of Tongzhou, a prefecture of imperial China. Under the southern Song dynasty, the city controlled not just its adjacent lands but also Xisha and Dongsha, the Yangtze River shoals that eventually developed into Chongming Island.[1]

Shigang Town is located beside the Yangtze where residents made a living mainly by salt making and fishing in ancient times. In 860, Yuhuangdian (玉皇殿) was built and, six year later, the palace of Emperor Taizong of the Tang was rebuilt as the Guangyuan Temple. From the Song to the Qing dynasties, many temples were built in Shigang.[2]

Administrative divisions

In the present, Tongzhou District has 19 towns.[3]

19 towns
  • Jinsha (金沙镇)
  • Xiting (西亭镇)
  • Erjia (二甲镇)
  • Dongshe (东社镇)
  • Sanyu (三余镇)
  • Shizong (十总镇)
  • Qi'an (骑岸镇)
  • Wujia (五甲镇)
  • Shigang (石港镇)
  • Si'an (四安镇)
  • Liuqiao (刘桥镇)
  • Pingchao (平潮镇)
  • Pingdong (平东镇)
  • Wujie (五接镇)
  • Xingren (兴仁镇)
  • Xingdong (兴东镇)
  • Chuanjiang (川姜镇)
  • Xianfeng (先锋镇)
  • Zhangzhishan (张芝山镇)

Local specialities

References

  1. ^ "Chongming County" in the Encyclopedia of Shanghai, pp. 50 ff. Archived 2015-01-10 at the Wayback Machine Shanghai Scientific & Technical Publishers (Shanghai), 2010. Hosted by the Municipality of Shanghai.
  2. ^ http://www.tz.gov.cn/tzdz/showinfo/showinfo.aspx?infoid=b814db51-c741-4701-94f3-bf29e98c8f8a&categoryNum=028005002&siteid=1
  3. ^ "南通市-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org" (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2012-05-24.