Toni Erdmann
Theatrical release poster
Directed byMaren Ade
Written byMaren Ade
Produced by
  • Maren Ade
  • Jonas Dornbach
  • Janine Jackowski
  • Michel Merkt
CinematographyPatrick Orth [de]
Edited byHeike Parplies [de]
  • Komplizen Film[1]
  • coop99 filmproduktion
  • KNM
  • Missing Link Films
  • SWR
  • WDR
  • Arte
Distributed by
  • NFP Marketing & Distribution
  • Filmladen
Release dates
  • 14 May 2016 (2016-05-14) (Cannes)
  • 14 July 2016 (2016-07-14) (Germany)
  • 15 July 2016 (2016-07-15) (Austria)
Running time
162 minutes[2]
Box office$11.7 million[4]

Toni Erdmann is a 2016 German comedy-drama film directed, written and co-produced by Maren Ade. It stars Peter Simonischek and Sandra Hüller.

The film, which premiered in competition at the Cannes Film Festival,[5][6] was named the best film of 2016 by Sight & Sound. It received wide acclaim from critics for Ade's direction, performances, and writing.[7][8][9]

It won five awards at the 29th European Film Awards: Best Film (a first for a film directed by a woman), Best Director, Best Screenwriter, Best Actor, and Best Actress.[10] It also won the European Parliament LUX Prize.[11] It was nominated for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 89th Academy Awards, but lost to Iran's The Salesman.[12][13]


Winfried Conradi is a divorced music teacher from Aachen with a passion for bizarre pranks involving several fake personas. Following the death of his beloved dog, he decides to reconnect with his daughter, Ines, who is pursuing a career in business consulting. Ines is working in Bucharest, Romania, on an outsourcing project in the oil industry. Consumed by her work, she seems to have little time for her family.

Winfried spontaneously travels to Bucharest and waits for Ines in the lobby of an office complex. After several hours, she finally appears, accompanied by several of her client's board members and on the way to a meeting. Winfried puts on sunglasses and fake teeth as a playful disguise, and approaches the group from the side while hiding behind a newspaper. Ines ignores him, but meets with him briefly after work and invites him to a business reception at the US Embassy.

In the evening, Winfried and Ines attend the reception, where they meet Henneberg, a German oil company CEO with whom Ines wishes to secure a consulting contract. Ines tries to gain Henneberg's attention, but Henneberg seems more interested in her father. Winfried tells Henneberg that he has hired a replacement daughter because Ines is always busy. To Ines's surprise, Henneberg invites Winfried and Ines for drinks, along with his entourage. At the bar, Henneberg once again brushes Ines aside and makes fun of Winfried.

After several days, Ines and Winfried are struggling to get along. Stressed out from work, Ines oversleeps, missing a planned rendezvous with clients, and blames her father for not waking her up. Feeling alienated and unwanted, he leaves in a taxi for the airport. Ines continues with her work as normal, and several days later arranges to meet two female friends at a bar. While Ines and her friends are chatting, a man approaches and introduces himself as "Toni Erdmann". The man is clearly Winfried in a wig and false teeth, but Ines does not let on. Her two friends politely engage "Erdmann" in conversation; he explains that he is a "life coach" and consultant visiting Bucharest to attend the funeral of his friend's turtle.

Ines is increasingly frustrated and unfulfilled in her work and personal life, but continues to encounter "Erdmann" sporadically at parties or outside her office. At first Ines is angry with her father, and accuses him of trying to "ruin" her, but as time goes on she comes to see the value of her father's interventions in her life, and plays along with the ruse. "Erdmann" accompanies her on a night out with her work friends, and eventually even accompanies her to a business meeting. In turn, "Erdmann" takes Ines to a Romanian family's Easter party, where he forces her into a reluctant performance of Whitney Houston's "Greatest Love of All". After singing, Ines promptly rushes off.

Back at her flat, Ines is preparing to host a business team-building brunch to celebrate her birthday. She struggles to zip up her tight dress, realizes her shoes don't match, and attempts to change clothes. The doorbell rings. Instead of redressing, or changing her outfit, she opens the door wearing only her underpants. The first guest is her friend Steph, who offers to help her get dressed. Ines refuses, and when the next guest arrives she spontaneously removes her underpants and answers the door naked, telling her guests that her birthday brunch is a "naked party". Each of them reacts differently, with some leaving in disgust while others self-consciously strip. As the party becomes increasingly awkward, Winfried arrives dressed in a full-body Bulgarian kukeri costume. The costume first scares, then amuses, the partygoers, and Winfried soon leaves. Ines follows him. Outside in a public park, they hug, Winfried still in costume. She leaves the park. Winfried lies down on the grass, exhausted, and then seeks help from a hotel desk to remove the costume's head.

Months later, Ines returns to Germany for her grandmother's funeral. She has quit her job in Bucharest and will shortly begin a new one in Singapore. While talking with Winfried in the garden, Ines grabs the fake teeth from his shirt pocket and puts them on. Winfried says he wants to take a photo and goes to get his camera, leaving Ines alone in the garden.



The character of Winfried was loosely based on Ade's own father, who wore a pair of fake teeth she gave him as a gag gift to play practical jokes.[14] She was also influenced by the comedian Andy Kaufman's alter ego Tony Clifton.[15]

Ade set the film in Bucharest in part because many German companies had begun to do business there at the end of the Communist era, with many foreign consultants sent to "change the system" and help businesses turn a profit. "And I like the new wave of Romanian films right now, too. So it’d be fun to work there."[16]


Toni Erdmann had its world premiere at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival.[5][6] The film was originally accepted into the festival's less prestigious Un Certain Regard section, but the night before the April press conference Ade and her producer were informed that it had been selected to compete for the Palme d'Or.[17] Shortly thereafter, Sony Pictures Classics and Thunderbird Releasing acquired US, Latin American and UK distribution rights to the film, respectively.[18][19]

The film went on to screen at the Filmfest München on 23 June 2016;[20] Sydney Film Festival on 15 June 2016;[21] Karlovy Vary International Film Festival on 3 July 2016;[22] Telluride Film Festival on 2 September 2016;[23] Toronto International Film Festival on 8 September 2016;[24][25] New York Film Festival on 2 October 2016;[26][27] and the BFI London Film Festival on 8 October 2016.[28]

The film was released in Germany on 14 July 2016,[29] Austria on 15 July 2016,[30] and Switzerland on 21 July 2016.[31] The film was released in the United States on 25 December 2016.[32]


Critics have called the film a dadaesque[33][34][35] comedy-drama. Ade said she thought the story "always had both genres within it, because [Winfried is] playing a comedy for [Ines], but he’s doing it out of desperation." In writing the script, Ade was interested in the film's comedic potential, but had doubts during the filming. "Then, when we edited the film, I found that the comedy was even stronger because we took things so seriously. For example, in scenes like the naked party where the boss is standing at the door, it was really necessary in terms of comedy for it to be as existential as possible" with the "actor not thinking of it as a comedy".[36]

Hüller said that she always thinks "about how humor works" and it was this question "we were asking ourselves during the process. What is it that makes people laugh? What is funny about Toni? I the origin of comedy." Falling out of a chair is "the oldest joke". But even when things don't work, "you really have to try, seriously. I think that’s what we did — you never have to play the joke."[36]


Box office

Toni Erdmann opened on July 14, 2016, in Germany and was watched by 752,000 domestic viewers that year. The movie was widely advertised through all public media channels and became the 40th most watched movie in Germany in 2016.[37]

Critical response

The film received universal acclaim from critics. It holds a 93% approval rating on review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, based on 234 reviews, with an average rating of 8.3/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Toni Erdmann pairs carefully constructed, three-dimensional characters in a tenderly funny character study that's both genuinely moving and impressively ambitious."[38] On Metacritic, the film holds a rating of 93 out of 100, based on 36 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim".[39]

The film was named the best film of the year by the French magazine Cahiers du cinéma.[40] The British film magazine Sight & Sound also named it the best film of 2016 in its poll of 163 critics worldwide.[41] In a 2016 international critics' poll conducted by BBC, the film along with Requiem for a Dream and the film version of Carlos tied for the 100th greatest motion picture since 2000. It also topped the American magazine Film Comment's Best Films of 2016 poll.[9] The New York Times’s chief film critics, A. O. Scott and Manohla Dargis, included it on their lists.[42]


Toni Erdmann received the FIPRESCI Award for Best Film In Competition at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival.[43]

In August 2016, the film won the FIPRESCI (International Federation of Film Critics)'s Grand Prix for best film of the year, the first time this accolade has been awarded to a female filmmaker.[44][45]

Later that year, in November 2016, the film was awarded the European Parliament's Lux Prize, annually awarded to facilitate the diffusion of European films in the European Union.[46]

List of awards and nominations
Award Date of ceremony Category Recipient(s) Result Ref(s)
Academy Awards February 26, 2017 Best Foreign Language Film Maren Ade Nominated [47]
Alliance of Women Film Journalists December 21, 2016 Best Non-English-Language Film Maren Ade Nominated [49]
Austin Film Critics Association December 28, 2016 Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann Nominated [51]
Australian Film Critics Association March 13, 2018 Best International Film (Foreign Language) Toni Erdmann Won [53]
British Academy Film Awards February 12, 2017 Best Film Not in the English Language Toni Erdmann Nominated [54]
British Independent Film Awards December 4, 2016 Best Foreign Independent Film Maren Ade, Jonas Dornbach, Janine Jackowski and Michael Merkt Nominated [55]
Brussels Film Festival June 24, 2016 Golden Iris Award Maren Ade Won [56]
RTBF TV Prize for Best Film Maren Ade Won
Best Screenplay Award Maren Ade Won
Cannes Film Festival May 22, 2016 FIPRESCI Award Maren Ade Won [43]
Palme d'Or Maren Ade Nominated
César Award February 24, 2017 Meilleur film étranger Toni Erdmann Nominated [57]
Chicago Film Critics Association December 15, 2016 Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann Nominated [58]
Critics' Choice Awards December 11, 2016 Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann Nominated [59]
Dallas–Fort Worth Film Critics Association December 13, 2016 Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann 2nd Place [60]
Dorian Awards January 26, 2017 Foreign Language Film of the Year Toni Erdmann Nominated [61]
European Film Awards December 10, 2016 Best Film Toni Erdmann Won [62]
Best Director Maren Ade Won
Best Screenwriter Maren Ade Won
Best Actor Peter Simonischek Won
Best Actress Sandra Hüller Won
Florida Film Critics Circle December 23, 2016 Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann Nominated [63]
Golden Globe Awards January 8, 2017 Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann Nominated [64]
Guldbagge Awards January 23, 2017 Best Foreign Film Toni Erdmann Nominated [65]
Houston Film Critics Society January 6, 2017 Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann Nominated [66]
Independent Spirit Awards February 25, 2017 Best International Film Toni Erdmann Won [68]
IndieWire Critics Poll December 19, 2016 Best Film Toni Erdmann 4th Place [69]
Best Director Maren Ade 3rd Place
Best Actress Sandra Hüller 3rd Place
Best Actor Peter Simonischek 4th Place
Best Screenplay Toni Erdmann 7th Place
London Film Critics Circle January 22, 2017 Film of the Year Toni Erdmann Nominated [70]
Director of the Year Maren Ade Nominated
Actor of the Year Peter Simonischek Nominated
Actress of the Year Sandra Hüller Nominated
Screenwriter of the Year Maren Ade Nominated
Foreign Language Film of the Year Toni Erdmann Won
Los Angeles Film Critics Association December 4, 2016 Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann Runner-up [71]
National Society of Film Critics January 7, 2017 Best Actress Sandra Hüller 2nd Place[a] [72]
Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann Won
New York Film Critics Circle December 1, 2016 Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann Won [73]
New York Film Critics Online December 11, 2016 Top 12 Films Toni Erdmann Won [74]
Online Film Critics Society January 3, 2017 Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann Nominated [75]
Palić Film Festival July 22, 2016 Golden Tower for Best Film Maren Ade Won [76]
Palm Springs International Film Festival January 15, 2017 FIPRESCI Prize for Best Foreign Language Film of the Year Toni Erdmann Won [77]
San Francisco Film Critics Circle December 11, 2016 Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann Nominated [78]
Satellite Awards February 19, 2017 Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann Nominated [80]
St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association December 18, 2016 Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann Nominated [81]
Toronto Film Critics Association December 11, 2016 Best Film Toni Erdmann Runner-up [82]
Best Actor Peter Simonischek Runner-up
Best Actress Sandra Hüller Won
Best Director Maren Ade Won
Best Screenplay Maren Ade Runner-up
Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann Won
Vancouver Film Critics Circle December 20, 2016 Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann Won [83]
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association December 5, 2016 Best Foreign Language Film Toni Erdmann Nominated [84]
Women Film Critics Circle December 19, 2016 Best Foreign Film by or about Women Toni Erdmann Nominated [85]

Proposed remake

On February 7, 2017, Variety announced that Paramount Pictures had signed Jack Nicholson and Kristen Wiig for an American remake of the film, with Adam McKay, Will Ferrell, and Jessica Elbaum as producers.[86] In August 2018, Nicholson and producer Lena Dunham withdrew from the movie, effectively stalling its development.[87]

See also


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