Tonk
City
Nickname(s): 
Nawabi Nagari
Tonk
Tonk
Tonk
Tonk
Coordinates: 26°10′N 75°47′E / 26.17°N 75.78°E / 26.17; 75.78Coordinates: 26°10′N 75°47′E / 26.17°N 75.78°E / 26.17; 75.78
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictTonk
Government
 • BodyNagar Parishad
Elevation
289 m (948 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total165,294
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeRJ-IN
Vehicle registrationRJ-26
Websitewww.tonk.rajasthan.gov.in

Tonk is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The town is situated 95 km (60 mi) by road south from Jaipur, near the right bank of the Banas River. It is the administrative headquarters of Tonk District. Tonk was also the capital of the eponymous princely state of British India from 1817 to 1947. Kamal Amrohi's movie Razia Sultan were shot in Tonk in 1981–82. Famous places in Tonk include: Shahi Jama Masjid, Bisalpur Dam, Arabic Persian Research Institute, Sunhari Kothi, Hathi Bhata, Annapurna Dungri Ganesh Temple, Rasiya Ki Tekri, Kidwai Park, Ghantaghar, Kamdhenu Circle, Nehru Garden, Chaturbhuj Talab Lake. It is also known as Rajasthan's Nawabo ka shahar.

Demographics

In the 2011 Indian census,[1] Tonk had a population of 165,294, with 48% being female. 14% of the population is age six and under. Tonk has an average literacy rate of 68.62%: 77.68% in males, and 59.18% in females.

History

The founder of the state and its first ruler was Pindari Nawab Muhammad Amir Khan (1769–1834), a dacoit and militant leader of Pashtun descent from Afghanistan. In 1806, Khan grabbed the area, taking it from a retreating regime Yashwant Rao Holkar. The British government captured it in turn. Khan then received the state of Tonk from the British Government who returned it.[2] In 1817, after the Third Anglo-Maratha War, Amir Khan submitted to the British British East India Company and kept his territory of Tonk while receiving the title of Nawab.[3] Tonk was founded one year later after Khan was granted land by the ruler of Indore.

During the regime of Nawabs, the natives were invited to an Islamic function of Milad-un-nabi without regard to caste, color or creed. It was organised by the ruling Nawabs for a period of seven days in the month of Rabi al-awwal.

Tonk was known as Samwad Lakshya in the Mahabharat period. In the Mauryan regime, it was under the Mouryas and then it was merged into Malvas. Most of the period was under Harsh Vardhan. According to Huen Tsang, visitor to China, it was under Bairath State. In the regime of the Rajputs, this state was under, Solankis of Toda and later Kachvahs took over when Man Singh defeated the Rao of Toda. Later, it was under the regime of Holkar and Sindhia.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  2. ^ Lethbridge, Sir Roper (2005). The Golden Book of India: A Genealogical and Biographical Dictionary of the Ruling Princes, Chiefs, Nobles, and Other Personages, Titled or Decorated of the Indian Empire. ISBN 9788187879541.
  3. ^ Princely States of India
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article "Tonk".