Location of Mizoram (marked in red) in India
Location of Mizoram (marked in red) in India
Coordinates (Aizawl): 23°22′N 92°48′E / 23.36°N 92.8°E / 23.36; 92.8
Country India
RegionNortheast India
 • Total1,091,014
Official languageMizo.[1]
It was elevated to the status of a full State by the State of Mizoram Act, 1986

Mizoram is a state in the northeast of India. Mizoram is considered by many as a beautiful place due to its landscape and pleasant climate. There have been many attempts to increase revenue through tourism but many potential tourists find the lack of amenities to be a hurdle. However, the State continues to promote itself and many projects have been initiated. The tourism ministry continues to maintain or upgrade its tourist lodges throughout the state. Foreign tourists are required to obtain an 'inner line permit' under the special permit before visiting. The permit can be obtained from Indian missions abroad for a limited number of days or direct from Mizoram Government authorities within India. The state is rich in bird diversity, which has the potentiality to make it a major birding destination.[3] Mizoram is a stronghold for Mrs. Hume's pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae).[4] There is also a rare record of the wild water buffalo from the state.[5] There are several past records of the Sumatran rhinoceros from Mizoram, then Lushai Hills.[6] The small population of wild elephants can be seen in Ngengpui and Dampa Sanctuaries.[7]

Major Towns and Cities of Mizoram

A panorama of Aizawl taken from Zemabawk


Aizawl is the capital of the state of Mizoram in India. It is also the centre of all important government offices, state assembly house and civil secretariat. The main tourist attraction in Aizawl are:

View of Aizawl


Khawbung is a sub-town and the administrative headquarters of Khawbung RD Block[12] in Champhai District. The village has an interesting tourist site "Mizo Poets' Square". Archived from the original on 26 September 2016. Retrieved 22 March 2015. which is also known as Mizo Hlakungpui Mual. There is much historical and natural heritage in its neighboring villages which are included in Hlakungpui Package Tourism.

View of Khawbung Sub-Town


Thenzawl golf course

Thenzawl is a beautiful town located in the middle of Mizoram, the main tourist attractions are:


View of Lunglei

Lunglei is a serene town and a major urban hub, situated in the south-central part of Mizoram. Lunglei district borders Bangladesh on the west via Tlabung sub-division which is an up-and-coming trading center. The name Lunglei means 'stone- lung' and 'bridge- lei' or Stonebridge named after a natural bridge made of stones a few kilometers from the town's area which used to attract curious visitors. The Main Tourist Attractions in Lunglei are:

Hill stations

Hmuifang Tlang

Hmuifang is a tourist spot near Aizawl, Mizoram. It is about 50 km from Aizawl. With an elevation of 1619 metres, the mountain is still covered with virgin forests reserved since the Mizo Chief's time.[8] Hmuifang is on the way to Lunglei.

Reiek Tlang

Reiek is a tourist 12 km from Aizawl. It rests at an elevation of 1548 metres, overlooking Aizawl and offers a view of the surrounding valleys and hills, on a clear day the plains of Bangladesh can be seen from the top of the hill. Reiek Hill is surrounded by thick lush green temperate trees and bushes.[31]

Sakawrhmuituai Tlang

Sakawrhmuituai is a tourist spot about 21.7 km from Aizawl,[32] Mizoram, India. With an elevation of 1,535 metres.[33]


Palak Dil

Palak dïl (lit. Palak Lake) or Pala Tipo (in Mara language) is the biggest lake[34] in Mizoram.


Chapchar Kut

Chapchar Kut is another festival celebrated during March after completion of their most arduous task of Jhum operation i.e., jungle-clearing (clearing of the remnants of burning). This is a spring festival celebrated with great fervour and gaiety.[35]




Phawngpui is the highest mountain peak in Mizoram,[36] rising about 2157[37] metres high near the Myanmar border in Chhimtuipui District. Phawngpui Peak is famous for orchids and rhododendrons.

Dampa Tiger Reserve

Dampa Tiger Reserveis the largest[38] wildlife sanctuary in Mizoram, was notified in 1985 and declared a tiger reserve in 1994. It is situated in the western part of Mizoram state, on the international border with Bangladesh about 127 km from Aizawl. It covers an area of approximately 550 km2.[39] The tropical Forests of Dampa are home to rich flora and fauna. It consists of forest interpolated with steep precipitous hills, deep valleys, jungle streams, ripping rivulets, natural salts licks, with an altitudinal zone of 200 m to 800 m. Dampa Tiger Reserve is a part of Project Tiger funded by the Government of India.[40]

Murlen National Park

Murlen National Park is a national park located in the Champhai district Mizoram in India. The size of the park area is 200 km2.[41] The park is situated about 245 km east of Aizawl, and is close to the Chin Hills. It covers an area of approximately 100 km2. The Tropical, Semi evergreen and Sub montane Forests of Murlen are home to a rich variety of flora and fauna. About 15 species of mammals, 150 species of birds, 35 species of Medicinal plants. 2 species of bamboos & 4 species of orchids so far have been recorded in this Park.At present, 36 people are involved in conservation work of Murlen National Park.[42]

See also


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  4. ^ Choudhury, A.U. (2002). Survey of Mrs Hume's pheasant in North East India. Technical Report No. 5. The Rhino Foundation for Nature in NE India, Guwahati, India. 30pp. [Final report to the Oriental Bird Club, UK]
  5. ^ Choudhury, A.U. (2010). The vanishing herds: wild water buffalo. Gibbon Books & The Rhino Foundation for Nature in NE India, Guwahati, India. 184pp. [Supported by CEPF & Taiwan Forestry Bureau]
  6. ^ Choudhury, A.U. (1997) The status of the Sumatran rhinoceros in north-eastern India. Oryx 31(2):151–152
  7. ^ Choudhury, A.U. (2001) The wild elephant Elephas maximus in Mizoram. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 98(3): 439–441
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