Alamgiri Gate at Lahore Fort, Punjab
Lake Saiful Muluk, located at the northern end of the Kaghan Valley, near the town of Naran in the Saiful Muluk National Park.
Lake Saiful Muluk, located at the northern end of the Kaghan Valley, near the town of Naran in the Saiful Muluk National Park.
The 7,788-metre-tall (25,551 ft) Rakaposhi mountain towers over Hunza Valley
The 7,788-metre-tall (25,551 ft) Rakaposhi mountain towers over Hunza Valley

In Pakistan, tourism is a growing industry.[1][2][3] In 2010, Lonely Planet termed Pakistan "tourism's 'next big thing' for more years than we care to remember". The country is geographically and ethnically diverse, and has a number of historical and cultural heritage sites. The upsurge in tourism in the past few years has been aided by the Government of Pakistan's recent decision to end mandatory No Objection Certificates for foreign tourists seeking to visit certain parts of the country.[4]

Pakistan was ranked The Best Holiday Destination for 2020[5] and was also declared the third-highest potential adventure destination in the world for 2020.[5] As security in the country improves, tourism increases; in two years, it has increased by more than 300%.[6] The Pakistani government has launched online visa services for 175 countries[7] and 50 countries were offered visa on arrival,[8] making a visit to Pakistan easier. The country received an influx of travel vloggers, who showed the beauty of the country, especially the northern areas Hunza and Skardu.[9]

In 2018, the British Backpacker Society ranked Pakistan the world's top adventure travel destination, describing the country as "one of the friendliest countries on earth, with mountain scenery that is beyond anyone’s wildest imagination".[10] Forbes ranked Pakistan as one of the ‘coolest places’ to visit in 2019.[11] The World Economic Forum's Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report placed Pakistan in the top 25 per cent of global destinations for its World Heritage sites, which range from the mangroves in the Indus delta to the Indus Valley Civilization sites including Mohenjo-daro and Harappa.[12]

According to the World Economic Forum's Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report 2017, the direct contribution of travel and tourism to Pakistan's GDP in 2015 was US$328.3 million, constituting 2.8% of the total GDP.[13] According to the World Travel and Tourism Council, the direct contribution of travel and tourism to Pakistan's GDP in 2016 was US$7.6 billion (PKR 793.0 billion), constituting 2.7% of the total GDP.[14] By 2025, the government predicts tourism will contribute 1 trillion (US$6.2 billion) to the Pakistani economy.[15]

In October 2006, one year after the 2005 Kashmir earthquake, The Guardian released a list of "the top five tourist sites in Pakistan" to help the country's tourism industry.[16] The sites included Lahore, the Karakoram Highway, Karimabad and Lake Saiful Muluk. To promote the country's cultural heritage, in 2007, Pakistan launched the "Visit Pakistan" marketing campaign that involved events including fairs, religious festivals, regional sporting events, arts and craft shows, folk festivals and openings of historical museums.[17]

In 2013, 565,212 tourists visited Pakistan, contributing $298 million; these figures have since risen to over 6.6 million tourists in 2018.[18] By comparison, Pakistan's domestic tourism industry is estimated at 50 million tourists who travel in the country on short trips usually between May to August.[19] The largest inflow of tourists are from the United Kingdom, followed by United States, India and China.[20][21]

Overview

Kalash people in the north are an ancient community
Kalash people in the north are an ancient community

Major tourist attractions in Pakistan include the ruin of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, the Himalayan hill stations.[22] Pakistan is home to several mountain peaks over 7,000 metres (23,000 feet), including K2, which draw adventurers and mountaineers from around the world.[23] The north of Pakistan has many old fortresses, ancient architecture and the Hunza and Chitral valleys, which are home to small Kalash communities and Fairy Meadows, and the Diamer District of Gilgit Baltistan. Punjab province has the historic city Lahore, Pakistan's cultural capital, with many examples of Mughal architecture such as Badshahi Masjid, Shalimar Gardens, Tomb of Jahangir and Lahore Fort.[citation needed]

History of Pakistani Tourism

According to Samira Shackle during 1960s Pakistan was part of famous “hippy trail” which was stretched from Europe to Asia, but that tourism disappeared with disappearance of liberal face of Pakistan since on set of 1970's Islamization of Pakistan by dictator Gen Zia ul-Haq and subsequent Taliban and al-Qaeda 9/11 times westerners became a target of local branches of the terror outfits.[24] Shackle says even domestic tourism came to halt due to terrorism which has taken lives of more than 65000 in Pakistan since 2001 [24]

Image and influencers

Image problem

'...Pakistan’s real problem
is its image...
Positive messages would
strengthen your image...
There are more
dangerous countries ...
but their image is
an exotic one...
Italy .. mafia is 20,000
..the rest of 60m
people are normal...”
~ Andreas Ferrarese,
Italian Ambassador to Pakistan

(Dawn,2021 February 15)[25]

According to Samira Shackle since 2018 one estate dealing company promoting Gwadar properties as new Dubai started organizing visits for travel influencers.[24] Shackle says, lately Pakistan has become an unexpected destination for western social media influencers producing glossy, upbeat travel content.[24] Travel influencers popular on social media like Rosie Gabrielle, Food Ranger, Drew Binsky too were roped in image building for Pakistan tourism.[24] Shackle says, under prime minister Imran Khan, the government of Pakistan has encouraged this tourism.[24] For 2020 Forbes listed in top ten tourist destinations where as Condé Nast Traveller went ahead to rank Pakistan on first number as a tourist destination.[24] Shackle says, while some Pakistanis find pride in recruited influencer driven image making, many other Pakistanis are bewildered.[24] While on one hand Pakistan is being promoted as ideal destination, any one from civil society presenting critical narrative are bulldozed, even journalist Shackle herself was asked to display only positive sides of Pakistan.[24] According to Shackle some critics believe that promotion of tourism is just mere attempt of deflecting domestic & international attention from realities of terrorism, nuclear irresponsibility, money laundering, lack of democracy and human rights issues in Pakistan.[24]

Shackle maintains that the influencers are accused of parroting Pakistan government's points.[24] But as per Zayer Hussain, Government of Pakistan is not pushy about what travel influencers speak, but only if any thing bad is spoken travel permits are refused to travel influencers.[24] Shackle says, Pakistan has a 'White (Gora) complex' just a for mere being white traveler Pakistanis are ever ready to provide preferential treatment along with free mass media and social media exposure.[24] One travel influencer Alex Reynolds admits to Shackle that when she was moving with a white boy friend they were offered all kind of privileges when moving around but same privileges did not come by her when she visited alone.[24] In January 2019 Karachi-based one comedian, Shehzad Ghias Shaikh went on to create a hoax twitter account with name and image pretending to be American woman vlogger by name 'Samantha A Gerry'; within hours twitter handle of 'Samantha A Gerry' received hundreds of messages including from highprofile Pakistanis offering to take care and party. When twitter handle wrote how beautiful Pakistan is along with some anti India sentiment popularity among Pakistani social media enthusiasts increased immediately.[24] According to Amtul Baweja and Fahad Tariq it is okay if foreign tourist vloggers are given good treatment but same treatment is not given to they being even local vloggers.[24]

Many liberals and feminists in Pakistan too express their reservations about misrepresentation of Pakistan's objective reality about status of women in Pakistan by western white travel influencers.[26] During International Women's Day March in Pakistan a placard came questioning, "If Cynthia does it, she’s applauded. If I do it, I’m the villain". Cynthia Ritchie is an American travel and Social media influencer who rode a bike in Peshawar, a city in north-western Pakistan, Pakistani women are usually forbidden from cycling because it is seen as immodest, for example bicycle rally by girls in Peshawar was forced to be cancelled,[27] same time Cynthia Ritchie was being applauded, so Pakistan feminists questioned the double standard of Pakistani society.[28][26] In 2021 March a travel influencer Twitter handle iKatherineGeorg praised behavior of Pakistani Men No one in the world respects women as much as Pakistani men. Very respectful and humble" and "Pakistan is a country that loves and respects women", but Pakistani feminists on social media wondered and asked her to take them to that Pakistan.[26]

Shackle says just months after influencer Eva Zu Beck's vlogs hotel and bus transport was attacked by terrorists, still she does not seem to address the issue or keep audience informed.[24] According to travel influencer Eva Zu Beck, their vlogs are neither travel guides nor practical pieces of advice but those are just stories, and she declines any obligation to offer security advice saying they are not in that kind of content.[24] According to Shackle one of the travel influncer Cynthia Ritchie went on to embroil herself in Pakistani politics including attacking Pakistani liberals and political opposition.[24] Another travel influencer Alex Reynolds maintains her self to be an adventure tourist.[24]

Travel advisory

During COVID pandemic Pakistan itself issued travel advisories to in bound tourist. January 2021 U.S. travel advisory suggested tourists to reconsider travel to Pakistan due to COVID 19, terrorism and sectarian violence. Advisory asked travelers not to travel to Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and LOC provinces due to terrorism and kidnapping.[29]

Tourist visas

Main article: Visa policy of Pakistan

In 2019, Pakistan increased the availability of travel visas in a bid to increase tourism to the country. The new program grants visas on arrival to travellers from 50 countries, including the United States. Citizens of another 175 countries can apply for visas on the internet. Previously, visas could only be obtained from Pakistani embassies abroad.[30]

Tourism by province and territory

Pakistan is subdivided into provinces Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh; the federal territory Islamabad Capital Territory; and autonomous regions Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan.[31]

Gilgit-Baltistan

Main article: Tourism in Gilgit-Baltistan

Gilgit-Baltistan includes some of the highest peaks in the world, including K2, the world's second-highest peak. Gilgit Baltistan's landscape includes mountains, lakes, glaciers and valleys. The province is also visited for its landmarks, culture, history and people.[32] K2 Basecamp, Deosai, Naltar, Fairy Meadows Bagrot Valley and Hushe valley are common tourist destinations in the province.[33]

Balochistan

Main article: Tourism in Balochistan, Pakistan

Balochistan is Pakistan's largest province by area, constituting approximately 43% of the country. Balochistan is home to one of the oldest Neolithic (7000 BC to c. 2500 BC) sites in archaeology. Mehrgarh and Nausharo was an ancient city that is linked to the Indus Valley Civilization. Ancient sites dating back 800 years are the Nausherwani tombs at Qila Ladgasht. There was an ancient port at the site of Oraea that was used during the Hellenistic civilisation.[34]

Quetta is the provincial capital of Balochistan. Sites of interest include the protected Hazarganji-Chiltan National Park, Hanna Lake, Quetta Geological Museum, Balochistan Arts Council Library, Quetta Archaeological Museum and Command and Staff College Museum. The Quaid-e-Azam Residency in the city of Ziarat, which is famous for having the world's largest and oldest juniper forests. Sibi is an important historical city in which the Jirga Hall has a collection of pieces that were found at the archaeological sites of Mehrgarh, Nasshero and Pirak. The annual Sibi Festival includes a Horse and Cattle Show.[35]

The province includes a number of mountain passes. The Bolan Pass was the main entrance to the provincial city Quetta; others include Lak Pass, Khojak Pass and Harnai Pass. The Balochistan coastline extends from the boundary of Sindh province to the Iranian border, measuring over 750 km (470 miles). The city of Gwadar has the largest port in the province and is based near the ancient area Makran. Pasni is a medium-sized town that is known for fishing. Along the Makran Coastal Highway, there are several rock formations, as well as Kund Malir and the Hingol National Park.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Main article: Tourism in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is located in the north-west region of Pakistan and is popular with adventurers and explorers. The province has a varied landscape ranging from rugged mountains, valleys, hills and farms. There are a number of Buddhist archaeological sites from the Gandhara civilisation such as Takht Bhai and Pushkalavati, and other Buddhist and Hindu archaeological sites including Bala Hisar Fort, Butkara Stupa, Kanishka stupa, Chakdara, Panjkora Valley and Sehri Bahlol.

The province's capital city is Peshawar, which is home to a number of sites including Bala Hisar Fort, Peshawar Museum, archaeological site of Gor Khuttree, Mohabbat Khan Mosque, old city of Sethi Mohallah, Jamrud Fort, the Sphola Stupa and the market at Qissa Khwani Bazaar. The city Dera Ismail Khan is known as the entrance into the province from Punjab and Balochistan, and for its Hindu ruins at Kafir Kot. Mardan city has Buddhist ruins at Shahbaz Garhi. In the north of the province is the Swat valley One of the most important cities in the province is Mansehra, which a major stop for tourists setting out to the Northern Areas and Azad Kashmir. The city is connected by the Karakoram Highway, which ends in China. Along the route, there are several stops including the Kaghan Valley, Balakot, Naran, Shogran, Lake Saiful Mulook and Babusar Top. There are also several other sites that attract a large number of tourist every year including Ayubia, Batkhela, Chakdara, Saidu Sharif, Kalam Valley and Hindu Kush mountain range in Chitral.[36]

Several mountain passes run through the province. One of the most famous is the Khyber Pass, which links Afghanistan with Pakistan. The trade route sees a large number of trucks and lorries transporting goods in and out of the region. The Babusar Pass connects Thak Nala with Chilas on the Karakorum Highway. The Lowari Pass connects Chitral with Dir via the Lowari Tunnel. The highest mountain pass in Pakistan is the Shandur Pass, which connects Chitral to Gilgit and is known as the "Roof of the World". The pass is the centre of the Hindukush, Pamir and Karakoram ranges.

Punjab

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Main article: Tourism in Punjab, Pakistan

Punjab is the second-largest province in Pakistan. It is known for its ancient cultural heritage and its religious diversity. The Indus Valley Civilisation once ruled the region and a significant archaeological find was discovered at the ancient city of Harrapa. The Gandhara civilisation was also dominant at the site of Taxila in the north of Punjab. Several other civilisations such as Greeks, Central Asians and Persians ruled Punjab, leaving a number of sites that still exist today. Islam arrived in the region during the rule of the Umayyad Caliphate followed by the Ghaznavids. The Mughals took control of the region and ruled its land for several centuries. The Mughal heritage remained strong in Punjab with a large number of forts, tombs and monuments sintact today. The Durrani Empire ruled Punjab after the fall of the Mughal Empire for a short period following the rise of the Sikh Empire. The strong control of the Sikhs also left ta number of sites that have remained intact throughout Punjab. The British Raj took control of the region until the independence.

Tourism in Punjab is regulated by the Tourism Development Corporation of Punjab.[37] The province has a number of large cosmopolitan cities, including the provincial capital Lahore. Major visitor attractions there include Lahore Fort and Shalimar Gardens, which are now recognised World Heritage Sites. The Walled City of Lahore, Badshahi Mosque, Wazir Khan Mosque, Tomb of Jahangir and Nur Jahan, Tomb of Asaf Khan, Chauburji and other major sites visited by tourists each year.

Rawalpindi is a famous hill station stop for tourists.[38] The Pharwala Fort, which was built by an ancient Hindu civilisation, is on the outskirts of the city. The city of Sheikhupura also has a number of sites from the Mughal Empire, including the World Heritage-listed Rohtas Fort near Jhelum. The Katasraj temple in the city of Chakwal is a major destination for Hindu devotees. The Khewra Salt Mines is one of the oldest mines in South Asia. Faisalabad's clock tower and eight bazaars were designed to represent the Union Jack.[39]

The province's southward is arid. Multan is known for its mausoleums of saints and Sufi pirs. The Multan Museum and Nuagaza tombs are significant attractions in the city. The city of Bahawalpur i located near the Cholistan and Thar deserts. Derawar Fort in the Cholistan Desert]] is the site for the annual Cholistan Jeep Rally. The city is also near the ancient site of Uch Sharif which was once a Delhi Sultanate stronghold. The Noor Mahal, Sadiq Ghar Palace, Darbar Mall were built during the reign of the Nawabs. The Lal Suhanra National Park is a major zoological garden on the outskirts of the city.

Sindh

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Main article: Tourism in Sindh

Archaeological ruins at Moenjodaro, Sindh, Pakistan. One of the oldest civilisations in the world
Archaeological ruins at Moenjodaro, Sindh, Pakistan. One of the oldest civilisations in the world

Sindh is located in south-eastern Pakistan. The province is known for its religious heritage and rapid urbanisation and was home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation. Mohenjo-daro near the city of Larkana was one of the largest city-settlements in South Asia and is an official UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Chaukhandi tombs are another example of ancient Sindhi and Balochi heritage located near the town of Landi. Another ancient city Aror is located near the city of Sukkur. Kahu-Jo-Darro is an ancient Buddhist archaeological site near Mirpurkhas where a Buddhist stupa was excavated.

The first arrival of Islam in South Asia took place in Karachi. A number of sites within the province have led archaeologists to suggest this. Makli Hill is one of the largest necropolises in the world and is home to a number of ancient tombs and graves of Islamic dynasties. The Talpur Mirs of Hyderabad also left a number of sites including, Tombs of Talpur Mirs, Faiz Mahal in Khairpur, Qasim fort, Pacco Qillo and the Kot Diji Fort in Kot Diji; and the Ranikot Fort was built during the Islam invasion. Sindh has a number of cultural shrines and mausoleums including Thatta, Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai, Lal Shahbaz Qalander, Shahjahan Mosque, Mazar-e-Quaid, Minar-e-Mir Masum Shah, Bhambore and Garhi Khuda Bakhsh.

Karachi is the provincial capital of the province and largest city of Pakistan. It is home to the founder of the nation Mohammad Ali Jinnah, whose tomb at Mazar-e-Quaid is the most iconic mausoleum in Pakistan. The Port of Karachi is the country's largest post followed by the second largest, Port Qasim. The city has a number of cultural sites including Mohatta Palace, National Museum of Pakistan, Empress Market, Frere Hall, Jehangir Kothari Parade, Karachi Municipal Corporation Building and the Hindu Gymkhana. There are several beaches within the city, some of the most famous are Clifton Beach, French Beach, Sandspit Beach and Manora Island.

The province forms the basin of the Indus River and has a number of lakes, including Keenjhar Lake, Manchar Lake and Bakri Waro Lake. Kirthar National Park is a protected reserve for several wildlife species. The Thar Desert is also located in the province which adjoins Punjab and India. The Great Rann of Kutch is a protected wetland site in the province, which has two wildlife sanctuaries; Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary and the Nara Desert Wildlife Sanctuary. The Sukkur Barrage was built to alleviate famines caused by lack of rain.

Port Grand Food and Entertainment Complex is a recreational area in the centre of Karachi]] that was built along the waterfront of the 19th-century Native Jetty Bridge. The complex is expected to attract up to 5,000 visitors a day and is a major hub of shopping, dining, cultural and coastal recreational activities. Port Grand is located on Napier Mole Bridge, which is historically significant to the city, and the19th-century Native Jetty Bridge.[40]

Azad Jammu and Kashmir

Main article: Tourism in Azad Kashmir

Azad Kashmir is situated in northern part of the country. The northern part of Azad Jammu and Kashmir encompasses the lower part of the Himalayas, including Jamgarh Peak 4,734 metres (15,531 ft). Sarwali peak in the Neelum Valley is the highest peak in the province. Ganga Choti is a peak in Bagh.[41] The province is fertile, green and mountainous.[42]

Islamabad Capital Territory

Main article: Tourism in Islamabad Capital Territory

Islamabad, Pakistan's capital city, is located on the Pothohar Plateau in the north-eastern part of the country between Rawalpindi District and the Margalla Hills National Park to the north. The region has historically been a part of the crossroads of [Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with the Margalla Pass acting as the gateway between the two regions. Faisal Mosque (the largest mosque in South Asia, Margalla Hills National Park, Daman-i-Koh, Pakistan Monument, Rawal Lake, Simli Lake and Fatima Jinnah Park are among the tourist attractions in the territory.[43][44] It is ranked as the second most-beautiful capital city in the world[45]

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Main article: List of World Heritage Sites in Pakistan

The table lists information about each World Heritage Site in Pakistan.

Name: as listed by the World Heritage Committee
Region: one of the 8 administrative units of Pakistan
Period: time period of significance, typically of construction
UNESCO data: the site's reference number; the year the site was inscribed on the World Heritage List; the criteria it was listed under: criteria (i) through (vi) are cultural, while (vii) through (x) are natural; meeting both criteria are categorized as "mixed sites"
Description: brief description of the site
Name Image Region Period UNESCO data Description Ref(s)
Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro
Sindh, Pakistan 27°19′45″N 68°8′20″E / 27.32917°N 68.13889°E / 27.32917; 68.13889 (Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro) 26th century BC to 19th century BC 138; 1980; ii, iii Moenjodaro is an archaeological site located on the right bank of Indus River in Larkana District of Sindh. Dating back to the beginning of 3rd millennium BC, the 5000-year-old city was one of the largest and earliest urbanized settlements in South Asia. The ruins were first discovered in 1922 and major excavations were carried out in the 1930s, however after 1965 further excavations were banned due to weathering and disintegration. Only one-third of the site has been revealed so far and site conservation works have been on-going since then. [46]
Taxila
near modern Taxila, in Punjab, Pakistan
33°46′45″N 72°53′15″E / 33.77917°N 72.88750°E / 33.77917; 72.88750 (Taxila)
5th century BC to 2nd century AD 139; 1980; iii, vi Taxila is an archaeological site located in the Rawalpindi District, 30 km northwest of Islamabad. The city dates back to the Gandhara period and contains the ruins of the Gandhāran city of Takṣaśilā which was an important Hindu and Buddhist centre, and is still considered a place of religious and historical sanctity in those traditions. [47]
Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan 34°19′15″N 71°56′45″E / 34.32083°N 71.94583°E / 34.32083; 71.94583 (Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol) 1st century 140; 1980; iv Takht-i-Bahi, meaning spring throne, is a Buddhist monastic complex dating to the 1st century BC located on top of a 152 m high hill. The ruins are located about 16 km from Mardan and 80 km from Peshawar. Sahr-i-Bahlol is a small fortified city, dating from the same era, located near Takht-i-Bahi. The historical complex is a complete Buddhist monastery consisting of four main groups; the Court of Stupas, a monastic complex, a temple complex, and a tantric monastic complex. [48]
Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore
Punjab, Pakistan 31°35′25″N 74°18′35″E / 31.59028°N 74.30972°E / 31.59028; 74.30972 (Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore) 1556 171; 1981; i, ii, iii The Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore are two distinct royal complexes from the Mughal era. The Fort is located at the northwest corner of the Walled City of Lahore and has been destroyed and rebuilt several times during its history. The Shalamar Gardens are example of Mughal Gardens which were constructed by the emperor Shah Jahan in 1642. The gardens are influenced by Persian and Islamic traditions and cover 16 hectares of land area. [49]
Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta
Sindh, Pakistan 24°46′0″N 67°54′0″E / 24.76667°N 67.90000°E / 24.76667; 67.90000 (Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta) 14th century to 18th century 143; 1981; iii Makli is a necropolis in the archaeological city of Thatta dating back to 14th century. The monuments and mausoleums in Makli are built from high quality stone, brick, and glazed tiles representing the civilization of Sindh of the time. Tombs of famous saints and rulers including Jam Nizamuddin II are still preserved and are evidence of Hindu, Mughal, and Islamic architecture. [50]
Rohtas Fort
Punjab, Pakistan 32°57′45″N 73°35′20″E / 32.96250°N 73.58889°E / 32.96250; 73.58889 (Rohtas Fort) 1541 586; 1997; ii, iv Rohtas Fort is a garrison fort built by Sher Shah Suri, located about 16 km from Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. The fort is an exceptional example of Islamic military architecture, integrating artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian subcontinent. It was built at a strategic location on a small hill alongside Kahan River to control the Ghakkars. Its name is derived from Rohtasgarh, the site of Sher Shah's victory in 1539 over a Hindu ruler. [51]

Tentative list

Badshahi Mosque in Punjab
Wazir Khan Mosque in Punjab
Chaukhandi Tombs in Sindh
The mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam
The mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam
Deosai Plains in Gilgit-Baltistan

Main article: List of World Heritage Sites in Pakistan § Tentative sites

In 2004, the Ministry of Tourism pushed forward for new sites in Pakistan to become a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In total, 26 sites are awaiting to be categorised as of 2016 which include:[52][53]

Other landmarks

Mausoleum of Muhammad Ali Jinnah (who was the founder of Pakistan) in Karachi
Mausoleum of Muhammad Ali Jinnah (who was the founder of Pakistan) in Karachi
Noor Mahal in Punjab
Khaplu Palace in Khaplu    Shrine of Pir Hadi Hassan Bux Shah Jilani at Duthro Sharif, Sindh

Other landmarks and structures have not yet made the UNESCO Tentative List. Long before the creation of Pakistan in 1947, there existed cultures and religions. Pakistan was the centre of various wars that led to several dynasties and tribes ruling its lands. They left behind landmarks, some of which have become national icons whilst others need the attention of concerned authorities. Some of these include:

Post-independence Pakistan retained its heritage by constructing sites to commemorate its independence by blending styles and influences from the past. Some of these include:

Tourism under Prime Minister Imran Khan

Prime minister Imran Khan plans to boost tourism to create millions of jobs.[54] In his first television address to the nation, he said; "Pakistan has huge tourism potential. We will promote tourism to strengthen the economy".[54] The tourism industry in Pakistan has witnessed a boom as law and order has improved across the country in the last five years. The country of 220 million is known for its hospitality globally.

Military operations launched by Pakistan armed forces during 2013–2017 against militants wiped out terrorism and militancy across the country, especially in northern areas, paving the way for revival of tourism. The Government of Pakistan has also eased the country's visa policy, which has played a key role in attracting a large numbers of foreign tourists.[54] "We are improving processes to issue tourist visas, in particular for groups and champion initiatives, which strengthen our visa on arrival program and eliminate NoC condition for high potential tourist destinations besides providing four-star accommodation at affordable cost", said Fawad Chaudhary, a minister in government.[54] He also said; "peace had been restored and the local and foreign tourists were coming in large numbers to visit the scenic places and heritage sites".[55]

The Imran khan government organized the Pakistan Tourism Summit, which occurred on 2 and 3 April 2019 at Jinnah Convention Centre, Islamabad, and was attended by Prime Minister Khan, Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi, Interior Minister Shehryar Afridi, Information Minister Fawad Chaudhary, and some well-known international bloggers, who spoke about their experiences during the panel discussion and answered question from the participants.[56] Due to these measures, 1.9 million tourists visited Pakistan in 2018 and as of 2020, tourism in the country has increased by more than 300%.[6]

List of tourist regions and sites

Top-five tourist destinations
Top-five tourist destinations

In October 2006, The Guardian released what it described as "The top five tourist sites in Pakistan".[57] Pakistan was ranked 47 out of 200 countries in an analysis of the World Travel and Tourism Council's (WTTC) growth figures by Lovehomeswap.com,[58] which said, "If the country becomes more peaceful, visitor numbers are predicted to rise".[59][60]

Rank Location
1 Lahore
2 Taxila
3 The Karakoram Highway
4 Karimabad
5 Lake Saiful Muluk

Ski resorts and areas

Valleys

Main article: List of valleys in Pakistan

Lakes

Main article: List of lakes in Pakistan

Waterfalls

Main article: List of waterfalls in Pakistan

Data

Arrivals by year

1990s

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Tourist visitors[61] - - - - 383,000 378,000 369,000 375,000 429,000 432,000

2000s

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Tourist visitors 557,000 500,000 498,000 501,000 648,000 798,000 898,000 840,000 823,000 855,000

2010s

2010 2011 2012 2013[62] 2014[62] 2015[63] 2016[62] 2017[64][65] 2018[66]
Tourist visitors 907,000 1,161,000 966,000 565,212 530,000 563,400 965,498 1,750,000 1,900,035

Gallery

Gilgit Baltistan

Balochistan

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Punjab

Sindh

Azad Jammu and Kashmir

Islamabad Capital Territory

Visa policy of Pakistan

Visitors to Pakistan typically must obtain a visa from one of the Pakistani diplomatic missions.

Main article: Visa policy of Pakistan

Visa policy of Pakistan.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Pakistan  Visa-free entry; eligible for all electronic visas  Electronic Travel Authorization for visa on arrival for tourism and business purposes; online visa application eligible  Electronic Travel Authorization for visa on arrival for business purposes only; online visa application eligible  Online visa application only  Visa required in advance
Visa policy of Pakistan
  Pakistan
  Visa-free entry; eligible for all electronic visas
  Electronic Travel Authorization for visa on arrival for tourism and business purposes; online visa application eligible
  Electronic Travel Authorization for visa on arrival for business purposes only; online visa application eligible
  Online visa application only
  Visa required in advance

Indians are only eligible for business, pilgrim or Visitor Visas to Pakistan. The pilgrim VISA allows Indians to visit 15 sites in Pakistan for religious tourism – they will be given a visitor visa. The Visitor Visa is granted if you have close family members or friends in Pakistan and you can only visit a maximum of 5 cities for 3 months.[67]

See also

References

  1. ^ Malik, Javeria (6 May 2015). "Tourism's Impact on Pakistan Economy : Tourism and its Impact on Pakistan economy".
  2. ^ "More than one million tourists visited northern areas of Pakistan this season – The Express Tribune". 5 August 2016.
  3. ^ "Improvement in law, order boosts Pakistan's tourism industry". www.pakistantoday.com.pk.
  4. ^ "Govt ends NOC requirement for foreign tourists". The Nation. 26 March 2019. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  5. ^ a b Desk, EurAsian Times. "Pakistan Ranked 'The Best Holiday Destination' For 2020 By Leading Travel Magazine". eurasiantimes.com. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Is Pakistan safe in 2020? All you need to know". Against the Compass. 11 November 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  7. ^ "Countries elgible for Pakistan Online Visa". Pakistan Online Visa System. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  8. ^ "List of Countries for Visa on Arrival(Tourist)". Pakistan Online Visa System. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Foreign travel vloggers show the magnificent natural beauty of Pakistan to the world". Daily Times. 8 August 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  10. ^ Jamal, Sana (28 December 2017). "Pakistan tops list of world's best travel destination for 2018". GulfNews. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  11. ^ Abel, Ann (12 December 2018). "The 10 Coolest Places to Go in 2019". Forbes.
  12. ^ "The road between China and Pakistan". Financial Times. 4 July 2009. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  13. ^ Ahmed, Amin (9 April 2017). "Pakistan improves ranking on tourism competitiveness index".
  14. ^ "TRAVEL & TOURISM ECONOMIC IMPACT 2017 PAKISTAN" (PDF). WORLD TRAVEL & TOURISM COUNCIL. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  15. ^ "Tourism to contribute over Rs1 trillion by 2025 – The Express Tribune". 17 December 2015.
  16. ^ Windsor, Antonia (17 October 2006). "Out of the rubble". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
  17. ^ "Tourism Events in Pakistan in 2010". Tourism.gov.pk. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  18. ^ Junaidi, Ikram (30 September 2019). "Tourist traffic witnesses sharp increase in five years". DAWN.COM.
  19. ^ "Number of foreign tourists in 2014 dips by 50% – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 27 September 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  20. ^ Newspaper, the (10 September 2010). "2 About 0.9m tourists visited Pakistan in 10 months". www.dawn.com. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  21. ^ "Pakistan – International tourism". www.indexmundi.com. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  22. ^ "Sports Activities". John Douglas. Archived from the original on 13 August 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  23. ^ "PTDC page on mountaineering". Archived from the original on 2 December 2006.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "How western travel influencers got tangled up in Pakistan's politics". the Guardian. 12 November 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  25. ^ Attarwala, Fatima S. (15 February 2021). "Wooing Pakistan". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  26. ^ a b c Staff, Images (29 March 2021). "Thank you Katherine for letting us know what Pakistani men are really like". Images. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  27. ^ Staff, Images (20 January 2019). "Pakistanis respond with outrage as women's bike rally in Peshawar gets cancelled". Images. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  28. ^ Zehra, Ailia (9 March 2019). "How Aurat March Challenged The Deeply Ingrained Toxic Masculinity". Naya Daur.
  29. ^ "US urges citizens to reconsider visit to Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan in updated travel advisory". www.businesstoday.in. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  30. ^ "Pakistan announced e-visa for 175 countries, visa-on-arrival for 50 countries". Khaleej Times. 26 January 2019.
  31. ^ "Constitution of Pakistan" (PDF). Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Pakistan. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2006. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
  32. ^ Skardu, pk. "Top 10 Most beautiful plces to visit in Pakistan". Skardu.pk. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  33. ^ "5 Most Beautiful Places To Visit in Gilgit Baltistan". Skardu.pk. www.skardu.pk. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  34. ^ "Government of Balochistan: Tourist Attractions". Balochistan.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  35. ^ "Tourist Guide For Baluchistan Pakistan". Rehmananwar.blogspot.com. 1 July 1977. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  36. ^ "Tourism Potential Investment Opportunities in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa". Khyberpakhtunkhwa.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 14 September 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  37. ^ "Tourism Development Corporation of Punjab Official Website". Tdcp.gop.pk. 9 April 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  38. ^ "Ministry of Tourism: Punjab Attractions". Tourism.gov.pk. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  39. ^ khalid. "Tourism in Punjab, Pakistan". Vista-tourism.com. Archived from the original on 15 August 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  40. ^ "Good times: Port Grand finally makes a grand opening – The Express Tribune". 29 May 2011.
  41. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  42. ^ "Azad Kashmir" at britannica.com
  43. ^ "Tourism in Islamabad". www.islamabad.net. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  44. ^ "Islamabad Travel – Lonely Planet". www.lonelyplanet.com. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  45. ^ Junaidi, Ikram (6 July 2015). "Islamabad 'the second most beautiful capital', boasts CDA". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  46. ^ "Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro". World Heritage Sites. UNESCO. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
  47. ^ "Taxila". World Heritage Sites. UNESCO. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
  48. ^ "Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol". World Heritage Sites. UNESCO. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
  49. ^ "Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore". World Heritage Sites. UNESCO. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
  50. ^ "Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta". World Heritage Sites. UNESCO. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
  51. ^ "Rohtas Fort". World Heritage Sites. UNESCO. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
  52. ^ "Pakistan have 26 sites on tentative list for UNESCO World Heritage Site". Nation.com.pk. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  53. ^ "Sites on the Tentative List". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  54. ^ a b c d "Under Imran Khan, Pakistan plans to boost tourism to create millions of jobs". Al Arabiya English. 31 August 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  55. ^ "Imran Khan vows to make tourism a top priority". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  56. ^ Desk, Web (14 April 2019). "Pakistan Tourism Summit 2019 - challenges and impact". The Financial Daily. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  57. ^ Windsor, Antonia (17 October 2006). "Out of the rubble". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
  58. ^ "Home Exchange with Love Home Swap | House Swap Holidays". www.lovehomeswap.com.
  59. ^ "Angola and Gabon 'to become holiday hotspots'". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  60. ^ "Top 50 holiday hotspots to watch – Love Home Swap". Love Home Swap. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  61. ^ "Number of tourists arrivals in Pakistan (1995 to 2012)". worldbank.org. The World Bank.
  62. ^ a b c Saeed, Zafaryab (7 December 2018). "Number of Tourists arrival in Pakistan after 2012". The Nation. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  63. ^ "Number of foreign tourists visited Pakistan in 2015". Business Recorder. 16 March 2016.
  64. ^ "Terms of Service Violation". www.bloomberg.com.
  65. ^ Dawn.com (30 September 2017). "Foreign tourists to Pakistan more than triple since 2013".
  66. ^ Haq, Riaz. "Pakistan's $20 Billion Tourism Industry is Booming".
  67. ^ "Can Indians Visit Pakistan? Full Pakistan/India VISA Guide". Karl Rock's Blog. 31 January 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2021.

Further reading