Trade unions in Norway
National organization(s)LO-Norway, Unio, YS, Akademikerne
Total union membership1.9 million (2019)[1]
Density49.2% (2018)[2]
CBA coverage72.5% (2014)[3]
Global Rights Index
1 Sporadic violations of rights
International Labour Organization
Norway is a member of the ILO
Convention ratification
Freedom of Association4 July 1949
Right to Organise17 February 1955

Trade unions in Norway first emerged with the efforts of Marcus Thrane and the formation of the Drammen Labour Union in 1848 which organised agricultural workers and crofters. However, with Thrane's imprisonment and the suppression of the union in 1855, it was not until 1872 before a union was founded again, by print workers. In 1899 the first national federation, the LO, was founded.[4][5] During this period interactions with trade unions in Denmark and Sweden played a great influence over the development of trade unions in Norway.[6]

In Norway today around half of all workers are trade union members and almost three-quarters of all workers are covered by collective agreements. There are four confederations with affiliated members: Confederation of Unions for Professionals, Confederation of Vocational Unions, Federation of Norwegian Professional Associations, Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions.

Trade union membership in Norway, 2019
Number of

unions

Share of union

membership

Total

membership

Change

2018-19

Confederation of Unions for Professionals (Unio) 8 19.7% 375,181 Increase 2.0%
Confederation of Vocational Unions (YS) 13 11.8% 225,794 Increase 1.5%
Federation of Norwegian Professional Associations (Akademikerne) 11 11.6% 220,005 Increase 5.2%
Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) 20 50.0% 952,394 Increase 1.7%
Unaffiliated 15 6.9% 130,991 Increase 7.3%
Totals 67 100% 1,904,365 Increase 2.5%
Source: Statistics Norway[7][8]

References

  1. ^ "Trade union members and strikes". Statistics Norway. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Trade union density". OECD Statistics. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Collective bargaining coverage". OECD Statistics. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
  4. ^ Leiren, Terje; Sjåvik, Jan (2019). "Thrane, Marcus Møller". Historical Dictionary of Norway. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 280–1. ISBN 978-1-5381-2312-6.
  5. ^ Leiren, Terje; Sjåvik, Jan (2019). "Labor Party". Historical Dictionary of Norway. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 172. ISBN 978-1-5381-2312-6.
  6. ^ Logue, John (18 February 2019). "Trade unions in the Nordic countries". nordics.info. Aarhus University. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  7. ^ "Trade union members and strikes". Statistics Norway. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  8. ^ "03546: Central organisations and other nation-wide associations for wage earners. Members per 31 December 2001 - 2019". Statistics Norway. Retrieved 22 May 2020.