Trakia motorway shield
Trakia motorway
Автомагистрала „Тракия“
Trakia motorway highlighted in red and yellow
Route information
Part of E80
Length360 km (220 mi)
Major junctions
FromSofia
ToBurgas
Location
CountryBulgaria
Major citiesPazardzhik, Plovdiv, Stara Zagora, Yambol
Highway system

The Trakia motorway (Bulgarian: Aвтомагистрала „Тракия“, Avtomagistrala "Trakiya") or Thrace motorway, designated A1, is a motorway in Bulgaria. It connects the capital city of Sofia, the city of Plovdiv and the city of Burgas on the Black Sea coast. The motorway is named after the historical region of Thrace, the northern (Bulgarian) part of which it spans from west to east. The total length of Trakia motorway is 360 km (220 mi) and the final section opened on 15 July 2013[1] after 40 years of construction.[2]

Trakia motorway connects with the Sofia ring road at its eаst end, allowing fast access to Hemus motorway (A2) and Struma motorway (A3) via Sofia Northern Bypass motorway (part of Europe motorway, A6).

At its east end, nearby Burgas, Trakia motorway will merge with the planned Cherno More motorway (A5) providing fast access from the south to the city of Varna and the beach resorts on the Black Sea.

Maritsa motorway (A4) branches off at Orizovo Interchange at kilometer 169 to link Trakia motorway with Turkey at the Kapitan Andreevo border crossing. The interchange is situated between Plovdiv and Chirpan, roughly 5 km north of Parvomay.

History

The construction of the motorway began in 1973 and the first 10 km from Sofia to Novi Han entered in service in 1978. In 1984 the motorway reached Plovdiv, the second largest city in Bulgaria. In 1995 a 32 km section between Plovdiv and Plodovitovo interchange was completed with EBRD co-financing.[3] In 2000 EIB loan was secured for the construction of two sections, between Orizovo interchange and Stara Zagora (lot 1), and lot 5, between Karnobat and Burgas, fourth largest city, situated at the Black sea coast. The motorway reached Stara Zagora in 2007, and lot 5 entered in service in 2006.

Meanwhile, in 2005 a controversial concession contract was signed by the Bulgarian government and a Portuguese-led consortium.[4] The concession was granted for 35 years without tender procedure and included 433 km from the Serbian border, at Kalotina border checkpoint, to Burgas. However, the contract was cancelled in 2008 and the sections between Stara Zagora and Karnobat (lots 2, 3 and 4) were approved for EU funds financing.

In 2009 and 2010, tenders for the construction of Stara Zagora - Nova Zagora, Nova Zagora - Yambol-west interchange, and Yambol-west interchange - Karnobat sections, totalling 116.8 km, were conducted and contracts were signed. The sections between Stara Zagora and Yambol-east interchange opened to traffic in mid-2012, while the last remaining section between Yambol-east interchange and Karnobat interchange was completed on 15 July 2013.[5]

Trakia mw en.gif

Exits

This article contains a bulleted list or table of intersections which should be presented in a properly formatted junction table. Please consult this guideline for information on how to create one. Please improve this article if you can. (November 2021)
Exit km Destinations Lanes Notes
AB-grün.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg
0 Sofia ring road, Tsarigradsko shose
3 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
4,4 Lozen, Ravno pole
3 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
5.9 Novi Han
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
23,3 Vakarel
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
34,3 Ihtiman-north
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
46,2 Ihtiman-south, Kostenets
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-Tunnel.svg
54,0 Trayanovi vrata (675 m)
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
60,2 Vetren
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
68,9 Tserovo, Velingrad
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
79,8 Kalugerovo, Dinkata
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
89,9 Pazardzhik, Panagyurishte
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
112,3 Tsalapitsa, Saedinenie
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
118,9 Plovdiv-west, Pamporovo (to and from west only)
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
120,6 Plovdiv-west, Pamporovo (to and from east only)
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
126,1 Plovdiv-north
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
132,3 Plovdiv-east
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
137,2 Trilistnik
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
150,2 Belozem
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
164,3 Parvomay, Plodovitovo
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-grün.svg
168,5 Mw A4 BG.svg (Haskovo/Dimitrovgrad; Istanbul Turkey; Greece)
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
174,5 Chirpan-west
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
184,7 Chirpan-east, Stara Zagora-west
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
208,2 Stara Zagora, Haskovo Tabliczka E85.svg Nat road 5 BG.svg
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
240 Nova Zagora
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
275,4 Yambol-west, Sliven
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
283 Rest area, Kabile
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
289,4 Yambol-east Nat road 7 BG.svg
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
323,8 Karnobat
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
351 Balgarovo, Neftochim oil refinery
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service
AB-ende-grün.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg
359 Burgas, Vetren, Aytos Tabliczka E87.svg Nat road 6 BG.svg
2 active lanes and 1 emergency.svg
In service

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Bulgaria Opens Monday Its First Completed HWY Trakiya". novinite.com. 15 July 2013.
  2. ^ "News - Bulgaria's 1st Fully Accomplished Motorway Opened July 15".
  3. ^ "PM VIDENOV OPENS 32-KM SECTION OF TRAKIA MOTORWAY". hri.org. 17 November 1995. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  4. ^ "Нова съдебна атака срещу концесията на "Тракия"". mediapool.bg (in Bulgarian). 2006-04-04. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  5. ^ ""Тракия" - първата цяла магистрала на България". btv.bg.