The Bologna tramway network (Italian: Rete tranviaria di Bologna) was an important part of the public transport network of Bologna, Italy. It was established in 1880 and discontinued in 1963.[1]

On 7 March 2019, the mayor of Bologna revealed plans to build a new citywide tramway network.[2]

As of June 2022, the tender for the executive design and construction of tramway line 1 (red line) has been awarded: the whole line is expected to be operational by 2026.[3] Funding for construction of line 2 (green line) was approved by the Italian Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport in November 2021; activation is also expected by 2026.[4] A further segment of line 2 (blue line) has been announced on 11 December 2021: the planning tender will be launched by the end of 2021, with completion to be expected at a later date than the first two lines.[5]

Future network (2026)

Trams in Bologna (2026)
Overview
LocaleBologna, Italy
Transit typeTram
Number of linesFour lines are foreseen,[6] of which two have been financed (as of 2021)[7]
Number of stations50 (lines 1+2)[7]
Operation
Operation will start2026[7]
Technical
System length22.4 km (lines 1+2)[7]
Track gauge1435 mm

The reintroduction of a tram network in Bologna is foreseen by the Piano Urbano della Mobilità Sostenibile (PUMS, Italian for Urban Sustainable Mobility Plan), adopted on 27 November 2018.[8][6] Bologna's PUMS plans the gradual replacement of the main urban bus and trolleybus lines by 4 tram lines:[9][6]

As of November 2021, construction of the following tram lines has been fully financed:

Line Stations Length Opening foreseen
1 Borgo Panigale – Fiera/CAAB 34[10] 16,5 km[10] 2026[10]
2 Via dei Mille – Corticella 19[11] 7,4 km[11] 2026[11]
Network 50* 22,4 km*
* 4 stops and 1,5 km in common between lines 1 and 2.[11]

Furthermore, the following tram lines (or sections) are in the planning stage:

Line Stations Length Planning stage
2 Corticella – Castel Maggiore A pre-feasibility study has been completed in January 2021
2 Via dei Mille – Casalecchio Palasport railway station Announced on 11 December 2021; planning works to be tendered before the end of 2021[5]

Line 1 (red)

Bologna's tramway network planned for 2026. Line 1 (Borgo Panigale–Fiera/CAAB) and Line 2 (Via dei Mille–Corticella) are included.
Bologna's tramway network planned for 2026. Line 1 (Borgo Panigale–Fiera/CAAB) and Line 2 (Via dei Mille–Corticella) are included.

Line 1 will have its western terminus at Borgo Panigale Terminal, where a 400-car parking lot is planned, joined with an interchange terminal with intercity bus services. In the opposite direction there will be a double terminus, at the CAAB and at the Michelino parking lot.[7] The main attractors served by the line are Bologna Borgo Panigale railway station, the Maggiore Hospital, the city center, Bologna Centrale railway station, Bologna's Fiera District, the Pilastro district, the Faculty of Agriculture and the CAAB.[7]

Line 1 will feature 34 stops, for a total length of 16.5 km, of which 14.5 km with an overhead contact line; the 2-km tracks in the city center, from Porta San Felice to via Matteotti, won't feature any suspended power line, as the tram will be powered by batteries.[7]

The technical and economic feasibility study for the first line has been carried out by a temporary association of companies formed by Systra, Sotecni, Architecna, Studio Mattioli, Aegis and Cooperativa Archeologia.[12]

The definitive project was published on 25 November 2020.[13] The tender for the executive design and construction was launched on 6 August 2021 and closed on 1 December, receiving four bids.[14]

As of December 2021, the expected timetable is as follows:[14]

In May 2022, the tender for the executive design and construction of Line 1 has been awarded to a temporary association of companies led by CMB - Cooperativa Muratori e Braccianti di Carpi and including Alstom Ferroviaria, Pavimental and Alstom Transport, for an amount of 32051790249 €.[3]

Line 2 (green)

Line 2 will have its southern terminus at Via dei Mille, in the city centre. In the opposite direction, the northern terminus will be at Via di Vittorio, in the municipality of Castel Maggiore, where a new parking lot and an interchange terminal for intercity bus services has been envisaged. The main attractors served by the line are Bologna Centrale railway station, the Bolognina district, the Corticella district and Bologna Corticella railway station.[11]

Line 2 will feature 19 stops, for a total length of 7.4 km, of which 4 stops and 1.5 km will be shared with Line 1.[11]

On 30 December 2020, the technical and economic feasibility study for the construction of the second tram line, the green line, was publicly presented to the Navile district mobility committee, with regard to the tram line stretch between the northern terminus (Corticella) and via dei Mille.[15] On 7 January 2021, the municipality of Castel Maggiore mandated the municipality of Bologna to submit a pre-feasibility study to the Italian Ministry of Transport for a further extension of the green line to the center of Castel Maggiore.[16] The joint request for funding, amounting to 222,142,224.26 euros, was sent to the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport on 14 January 2021.[17]

On 3 November, the Ministry approved the full financing of the new line by Next Generation EU funds, which binds its construction by 2026.[18][19]

Historical network (1880–1963)

Trams in Bologna (1880–1963)
BO-Bologna-1949-via-Rizzoli.jpg
Overview
LocaleBologna, Italy
Transit typeTram
Number of lines16 (maximum)
Operation
Began operation2 October 1880
Ended operation3 November 1963
Technical
Track gauge1445 mm
Electrification550 V DC (since 1904)
System map

Bologna mappa tram 1952.svg

The first plans for six horsecar lines were approved by the town council in 1877:[20]

Works on the first stretch, linking Bologna Centrale railway station to Piazza Maggiore, began in September 1880. Service began on Saturday, 2 October 1904.[20]

The first two electrified lines began operating on 11 February 1904.[20]

In 1953, it was decided that, starting from the following year, tramway lines would be gradually discontinued and transformed to bus and trolleybus lines. Service was officially discontinued on Sunday, 3 November 1963, when the last tramway service operated on the last remaining line to San Ruffillo.[20][1]

Tram Routes of the Old Network (1880-1963)

1902 to 1910 Network

1910 to 1932 Network

1932 Network

Network as of 1943

Network as of 1952

The post-Second World War period in Bologna caused the change of some road names and some routes merging with other ones. Piazza Vittorio Emanuele Became Piazza Maggiore. The tramway network served San Lazzaro di Savena for the first time.

1960-1963 Network

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "L'ultimo tram". biblioteca.salaborsa. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  2. ^ 2019-03-13T08:00:00+00:00. "Four tram lines planned for Bologna". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Tram, aggiudicato l'appalto per la realizzazione della linea rossa".
  4. ^ "Finanziato il progetto della Linea Verde del tram dal centro di Bologna a Castel Maggiore".
  5. ^ a b "Comune di Bologna".
  6. ^ a b c http://pumsbologna.it/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Relazione-1.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h http://www.comune.bologna.it/sites/default/files/documenti/2019-03-07_PresentazioneLineaRossaTram-Bologna.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  8. ^ http://pumsbologna.it/documenti-di-adozione-2/
  9. ^ "Trasporto pubblico metropolitano (TPM), ecco la rete integrata | Iperbole". Comune.bologna.it.
  10. ^ a b c "Linea Rossa – Un tram per Bologna".
  11. ^ a b c d e f "Linea Verde – Un tram per Bologna".
  12. ^ "La rete tranviaria, una grande opportunità per la città | Iperbole". Comune.bologna.it.
  13. ^ "Comune di Bologna".
  14. ^ a b "Presentate quattro proposte per la gara per la realizzazione della Linea Rossa".
  15. ^ Daniele Ara; Paola Calligola (23 December 2020). "Quartiere Navile. Convocazione Commissione Mobilità e Assetto del Territorio" (PDF). Comune di Bologna (in Italian). Retrieved 11 August 2021..
  16. ^ "Verbale di deliberazione del Consiglio Comunale. Mandato al Comune di Bologna di presentare istanza di finanziamento statale relativo al trasporto rapido di massa per la progettazione e realizzazione della diramazione nord della linea rossa tranviaria, insistente su Comune di Bologna e con attestamento in Castel Maggiore - Mandato a presentare uno studio di pre-fattibilità per la prosecuzione della linea fino a Castel Maggiore capoluogo" (PDF). Comune di Castel Maggiore (in Italian). 7 January 2021. Retrieved 11 August 2021..
  17. ^ "Bologna, parte richiesta Ministero finanziamento II linea tram". AGC GreenCom (in Italian). 14 January 2021. Retrieved 11 August 2021..
  18. ^ "Trasporto pubblico locale: intesa con Regioni e Enti territoriali sul riparto di 3,6 mld per le metro, 1,3 mld per l'acquisto di bus ecologici e 836 mln per le ferrovie regionali". Ministero delle Infrastrutture e della Mobilità Sostenibili. 3 November 2021. Retrieved 4 November 2021.
  19. ^ "PNRR: approvati i progetti sul TRM". CityRailways. 4 November 2021. Retrieved 4 November 2021.
  20. ^ a b c d Francesco Ogliari, Franco Sapi, Ritmi di ruote – Storia dei trasporti italiani volume 10°. Emilia-Romagna, Milano, 1969.

Media related to Tram transport in Bologna at Wikimedia Commons