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55 Broadway, headquarters of Transport in London 1929-2020
55 Broadway, headquarters of Transport for London 1929-2020
370 Jay Street headquarters of New York City Transit Authority 1951-2012
370 Jay Street headquarters of New York City Transit Authority 1951-2012

A transit district or transit authority is a government agency or a public-benefit corporation created for the purpose of providing public transportation within a specific region.

A transit district may operate bus, rail or other types of transport including ferry service, or may operate other facilities. In some cases, the transit district may be part of a larger organization such as a state Department of Transportation.

Australia

Austria

With seven transport associations responsible for the nine federal states of Austria, it is the only country in the world that has transport associations for each federal state except for Vienna, Lower Austria and Burgenland which are organised in one association (Verkehrsverbund Ost-Region).

Canada

Further information: Category:Transit agencies in Canada by province or territory

In Canada, transit (or transport or transportation) is mostly of the domain of local government, with some coordination by the provinces. Most Canadian cities have a transit authority.

France

Île-de-France Mobilités supervises transport in the Île de France region.

Germany

Further information: List of German transport associations

As part of the big deregulation package passed by the Bundestag in 1993, which mainly merged the two state railways of West and East Germany into one single company governed by private law instead of public law, regional transport and transit had been assigned to the Bundesländer (federal states), who had each to pass their own individual law regulating public transit, whereby "regional" was defined as journeys "typically not over distances more than 50 km (30 mi), and not taking longer than one hour".

Sweden

Providing public transit is the joint responsibility of the local county and municipal governments per The Public Transportation Act (2010:1065). Transit is most often organised on the county level, but in the sparsely populated north, some municipalities opt to run a city bus network separated from the county network.

Some counties opt to run joint commuter train networks In the north, this is also done with coaches which run on lines, sometimes hundreds of kilometres long.

United Kingdom

Transport for London, which operates the London Underground, London Overground and the DLR, an extensive bus network, tram services, riverboat services, the Public Carriage Office (responsible for black cabs), London Dial-a-Ride, streets in London, the London congestion charge and a limited coach service. The Oyster card electronic ticketing scheme is also operated by Transport for London, and can be used on the underground, overground, buses, trams and the DLR.

United States

In the United States, a transit district is a special-purpose district organized either as a corporation chartered by statute or as a government agency. A district is usually contained within one state, but in rare circumstances may cover two or more states. The term used depends on which part of the country the agency is created in. Typically, western states will create a "transit district" and eastern states create a "transit authority" but the type of agency is generally the same.

A transit district is created to give it the power of the government in dealing with solving problems related to transit issues. This includes the powers of eminent domain to obtain space for rights-of-way (e.g. for railways or busways), the ability to impose excise, income, property, and/or sales taxes to fund subsidies of operating costs of local transportation, and the ability to operate independently of the cities and counties that the transit district operates within. A transit district may also have its own transit police force, although in some areas the local police provide a special bureau for this purpose.

Some of the more famous transit districts in the U.S. include:

See also

References

  1. ^ "The MTA Network - Public Transportation for the New York Region". Metropolitan Transportation Authority.