|Franchise(s)||Wales & Borders|
|Parent company||Transport for Wales (for Welsh Government)|
|Reporting mark||AW[nb 1]|
|Dates of operation||7 February 2021–|
Transport for Wales Rail Limited, branded as Transport for Wales and TfW Rail (Welsh: Trafnidiaeth Cymru and TrC Trenau), is a Welsh publicly owned train operating company, a subsidiary of Transport for Wales (TfW), a Welsh Government-owned company. It commenced operations of the day to day services of the Wales & Borders franchise on 7 February 2021, as an operator of last resort, succeeding KeolisAmey Wales. Transport for Wales Rail manages 248 National Rail stations, including all 223 in Wales, and operates all passenger mainline services wholly within Wales, and services from Wales, Chester, and Shrewsbury to Liverpool, Manchester, Manchester Airport, Crewe, Birmingham, Bidston and Cheltenham.
In May 2018, the Wales & Borders franchise was awarded by Transport for Wales to KeolisAmey Wales. Scheduled to run for 15 years, it commenced in October 2018.
Following a collapse in revenues, and a significant reduction in passenger numbers as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the original franchise had become financially unviable. On 7 February 2021, Transport for Wales Rail Limited, the Welsh Government's operator of last resort, succeeded KeolisAmey Wales as operator of the Wales & Borders franchise. KeolisAmey and Transport for Wales will continue a partnership on further improvements on the network, with Amey Infrastructure Wales (AIW) continuing to have an involvement in the delivering of some key projects such as the Core Valley Lines.
As of December 2022[update], Transport for Wales Rail operates these regular and daily services Monday to Friday:
|North Wales to South Wales|
|Holyhead to Cardiff Central||8|
|Marches, West Wales, Crewe–Shrewsbury Lines and Swanline|
|Manchester Piccadilly to Cardiff Central||1|
|Swansea to Fishguard Harbour||4tpd|
|Cardiff Central to Milford Haven||1tp2h|
|Swansea to Pembroke Dock||1tp2h|
|Cardiff Central to Swansea||1|
|Crewe to Shrewsbury||1tp2h|
|Birmingham International to Aberystwyth||1tp2h|
|Machynlleth to Pwllheli||1tp2h|
|Heart of Wales line|
|Shrewsbury to Swansea||5|
|North Wales Coast Line|
|Birmingham International to Holyhead||1tp2h|
|Conwy Valley line|
|Llandudno to Blaenau Ffestiniog||6|
|Bidston to Wrexham Central||1|
|Llandudno–Manchester, Chester–Crewe, and Liverpool–Wrexham|
|Llandudno to Manchester Airport||1|
|Chester to Crewe||1||Shuttle service|
|Liverpool Lime Street to Wrexham General||1tp2h|
|Maesteg to Cheltenham Spa||1|
|Ebbw Valley Railway|
|Ebbw Vale Town to Cardiff Central||1|
|Crosskeys to Newport||1|
|Cardiff Central to Treherbert||2|
|Merthyr, Rhymney, and Vale of Glamorgan Lines|
|Barry Island to Aberdare||2|
|Barry Island to Merthyr Tydfil||1|
|Bridgend to Merthyr Tydfil||1|
|Penarth to Bargoed||2|
|Penarth to Rhymney||2|
|Coryton and Cardiff City lines|
|Radyr to Coryton||2|
|Butetown branch line|
|Cardiff Queen Street to Cardiff Bay||5||Shuttle service|
Transport for Wales Rail inherited from KeolisAmey Wales a fleet of Class 143, 150, 153, 158, 170 and 175 diesel multiple units, Class 230 diesel-battery-electric multiple units, Class 769 bi-mode multiple units and Mark 4 and DVT sets with an allocation of Class 67 locomotives.
Class 143 Pacers, which were not compliant with persons with reduced mobility legislation (PRM), were withdrawn on 29 May 2021 when their PRM dispensation ended.
Class 170 units are to move to East Midlands Railway, with two-car units already transferred and the three-car units to follow in spring 2023.
Class 197 and 231 diesel multiple units, Class 756 tri-mode multiple units and Class 398 tram-trains will replace the Class 150, 153, 158, in the future by 2023.
|Family||Class||Image||Type||Top speed||Number||Carriages||Routes operated||Built|
|InterCity 225||Mark 4||Coach||140||225||37||4 or 5||1989–1992|
|Driving Van Trailer||Control car||8||1|
|Diesel multiple unit|
|153 Super Sprinter||26||1||1987–1988|
|158 Express Sprinter||90||145||24||2||1989–1992|
|CAF Civity||197||51||2||From 2020|
|Diesel-electric multiple unit|
|Bi-mode multiple unit|
All of Transport for Wales Rail's KeolisAmey Wales-inherited and extra temporary fleet is due to be replaced by 2023 (with the exception of the Class 67 locomotives).
Six Class 67 locomotives have been adapted to work with three sets each comprising four Mark 4 carriages and a Mark 4 Driving Van Trailer, which will replace the Mark 3 stock previously used on locomotive-hauled services. The twelve carriages and three DVTs were able to cascade from London North Eastern Railway, as a result of the introduction of Class 800s and Class 801s on the East Coast Main Line. The Mark 4 coaches have retained the Virgin Trains East Coast livery, but with Transport for Wales labels attached. The Mark 4 Driving Van Trailers will be repainted into the new Transport for Wales livery. Four of the six Class 67 locomotives have been repainted into TfW Rail livery. TfW Rail introduced the Mark 4 sets in June 2021 on Cardiff to Holyhead services, and from December 2022 they will operate services between Swansea and Manchester using trains which had previously been planned to be used on the Blackpool route by Grand Central. The three Mark 4 sets will be retained and will remain on the routes they will work from their date of introduction on TfW Rail services.
TfW Rail will retain eight Class 153 units to operate services on the Heart of Wales line.
For the longer term fleet replacement, 148 brand new trains will be introduced including 77 CAF Civity trains (Class 197), 35 FLIRT trains (Class 231 & Class 756) and 36 Citylink tram-trains (Class 398) have been ordered. The addition of these trains to the fleet, from 2021 to 2024 but mostly in 2022–23, will allow the 109 (total) Class 150, 153 (13 by then), 158, 175 and 769 units to be withdrawn.
A total of 77 Class 197 Civity diesel multiple units were ordered from CAF for long-distance routes. These trains have end gangways, but fewer toilets than the Class 158 and Class 175 DMUs they replace. They are however be quicker, with more powerful engines and more efficient transmissions for better acceleration, as well as a higher top speed than the Class 158. 51 are two-car units and 26 are three-cars.
CAF undertook the fabrication, welding and painting of the Class 197 fleet in their factory in Beasain, Spain. The first Driving Motor carriage vehicle bodyshell had largely passed this stage by 12 February 2020, when it was pictured in the Beasain factory. The painted bodyshells were then shipped to Newport, South Wales, for further assembly/component-fitment at CAF's new UK factory in Llanwern.
Five Class 230 D-Train diesel- and battery-electric multiple units were built in England from former London Underground D78 Stock aluminium bodyshells by start-up rolling stock manufacturer Vivarail between 2019 and 2020. Originally expected to enter service from May 2022, they began operations on the Borderlands line at the beginning of April 2023.
A total of 35 Stadler FLIRT units have been ordered (consisting of 24 Class 756 tri-modes - 7 three-car & 17 four-car units - and 11 Class 231 diesel-electrics), along with 36 Class 398 Stadler Citylink tram-trains. These will be manufactured at the Stadler factory in Szolnok, Hungary and assembled at their plant in Bussnang, Switzerland.
|Family||Class||Image||Type||Top speed||Number||Carriages||Routes operated||Built||In service|
|Tri-mode multiple units|
|Stadler FLIRT||756||TMU||75||120||7||3||Services between Caerphilly/Coryton to Penarth||From 2020||2023|
|17||4||Services between Rhymney to Barry Island/Bridgend via Vale of Glamorgan|
|Stadler Citylink||398||Tram-train||62||100||36||3||Services from Cardiff to Treherbert, Aberdare and Merthyr Tydfil||From 2020||2024|
Between September 2021 and November 2022, all of the two-car Class 170s transferred to East Midlands Railway. In May 2022, Transport for Wales withdrew 2 Class 150 trains from service after being involved with a collision at Craven Arms. In May 2023, Transport for Wales withdrew the last of its Class 769 fleet from service. In February 2023, the first of the Class 175s were withdrawn from service following fires. The entire Class 175 fleet was withdrawn on 17 October 2023.
|Family||Class||Image||Type||Top Speed||Number||Carriages||Routes Operated||Withdrawn||Built||Notes|
|Diesel Multiple Units|
|Sprinter||150||DMU||75||120||2||2||2022||1987||Stored after being severely damaged|
|Bombardier Turbostar||170||100||161||4||2||2021-2022||2002||Transferred to East Midlands Railway|
|Alstom Coradia||175 Coradia 1000||100||161||11||2||Regional services between North, South and West Wales and England||2023||1999–2001||Stored, unit 175008 converted to 1 car, by donating a driving vehicle to unit 175101|
|BR Second Generation (Mark 3)||769 Flex||BMU||100||161||8||4||2023||2019–2020[nb 2]||Stored|