For Soviet transportation, see Transport in the Soviet Union.

Railways

Georgian Railway Network
Georgian Railway Network
Stadler KISS GRS «Eurasia» passenger train
Stadler KISS GRS «Eurasia» passenger train

Main article: Georgian Railway


total: 1,683 km in common carrier service; does not include industrial lines
broad gauge: 1,583 km of 1,520 mm (4 ft 11+2732 in) gauge (1993)
narrow gauge: 100 km of 914 mm (3 ft) gauge.

City with metro system: Tbilisi (see Tbilisi Metro).

Railway links with adjacent countries

2007

Towns served by rail

Highways

See also: Roads in Georgia (country), List of roads in Georgia (country), and Georgian Military Road

The total length of the road network is approximately 21,000 kilometres (13,000 mi) kilometers (2020[3]), divided over roughly 1,600 kilometres (990 mi) of international trunk roads, 7,000 kilometres (4,300 mi) of domestic main roads and some 12,400 kilometres (7,700 mi) local roads. Only a limited number of kilometers are express roads or motorways which are in good condition. The quality of the other roads varies greatly.

National roads of Georgia
National roads of Georgia
S1 Highway
Main roads
Number E Route name Length (km) Notes
S1-GE.svg Tabliczka E60.svg Tabliczka E97.svg Tabliczka E117.svg Tbilisi - Senaki - Leselidze 544
S2-GE.svg Tabliczka E60.svg Tabliczka E70.svg Senaki - Poti - Sarpi 119
S3-GE.svg Tabliczka E117.svg Mtskheta - Stepantsminda - Larsi 139
S4-GE.svg Tabliczka E60.svg Tabliczka E117.svg Tbilisi - Red Bridge 57
S5-GE.svg TbilisiBakurtsikheLagodekhi 160
S6-GE.svg Tabliczka E117.svg PonichalaMarneuli – Guguti 98
S7-GE.svg Tabliczka E001.svg MarneuliSadakhlo 34
S8-GE.svg Tabliczka E691.svg KhashuriAkhaltsikheVale 97
S9-GE.svg Tabliczka E60.svg Tabliczka E117.svg Tbilisi Bypass 49
S10-GE.svg GoriTskhinvaliGuptaJavaRoki 92,5
S11-GE.svg Tabliczka E691.svg AkhaltsikheNinotsminda 112
S12-GE.svg Tabliczka E692.svg Samtredia - Lanchkhuti - Grigoleti 57
S13-GE.svg Akhalkalaki - Kartsakhi 36,5
This table is based on the 2017 list of roads of the Government of Georgia.[4]

Motorways

Georgia has a limited multilane expressroad/motorway system, that is under development. In 2021 these sections are:

Additionally, the S2 highway has 32 km (20 mi) limited access two-lane freeway (Kobuleti Bypass).

Pipelines

Crude oil 370 km; refined products 300 km; natural gas 440 km (1992)

Black Sea Ports and harbors

Batumi, Poti, Sokhumi, Kulevi Oil Terminal

Merchant marine


total: 17 ships (with a volume of 1,000 gross tonnage (GT) or over) totaling 103,080 GT/158,803 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
ships by type: cargo ship 10, chemical tanker 1, petroleum tanker 6 (1999 est.)

Airports

Main article: List of airports in Georgia (country)

Shota Rustaveli Airport
Shota Rustaveli Airport
Kutaisi International Airport
Kutaisi International Airport
Alexander Kartveli Airport
Alexander Kartveli Airport

28 (1994 est.) In February 2007 a brand new, modern and fully equipped international Airport was inaugurated in Tbilisi.

Airports - with paved runways


total: 14
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 7
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (1994 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways


total: 14
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 5
under 914 m: 6 (1994 est.)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Uysal, Onur. "10 Things to Know About Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway Project", Rail Turkey, 20 October 2014
  2. ^ Georgia Hands over Railway to Investment Fund. Civil Georgia. August 16, 2007.
  3. ^ "Statistical Yearbook Georgia 2020" (pdf). GeoStat. 2020. p. 200. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  4. ^ "2017 List of highways of international and domestic importance" (in Georgian). The Legislative Herald of Georgia. 2 November 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2021.