Thanlwin Bridge in Hpa An.
Thanlwin Bridge in Hpa An.

The government of Myanmar (earlier known as Burma) has two ministries controlling transportation, the Ministry of Transport and the Ministry of Rail Transport.

Road

Truck-bus in Mandalay.
Truck-bus in Mandalay.
Traffic in Anawrahta road, Yangon.
Traffic in Anawrahta road, Yangon.

total: 27,000 km (16,777 mi)
paved: 3,200 km (1,988 mi)
unpaved: 23,800 km (14,789 mi) (2006)

The main highways are as follows:

There is one expressway in the country, which features double carriageway and four lanes on its entire length:

The other highways are as follows:

In 2017, Yangon launched a bus network system that would reduce traffic and commute time of some two million commuters in the city.[1]

Rail

The trains are relatively slow in Myanmar. The railway trip from Bagan to Mandalay takes about 7.5 hours (111 miles; 179 km).
The trains are relatively slow in Myanmar. The railway trip from Bagan to Mandalay takes about 7.5 hours (111 miles; 179 km).

Main article: Rail transport in Myanmar

As of February 2008, Myanmar had 5,099 km (3,168 mi) of railways, all 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in) gauge. There are currently no rail links to adjacent countries.

Water

Ayeyarwady River ferries in Bagan.
Ayeyarwady River ferries in Bagan.

12,800 km (7,954 mi); 3,200 km (1,988 mi) navigable by large commercial vessels. (2008)

Belmond Ltd operates its business in Ayeyarwady River by the name Road to Mandalay River Cruise. Irrawaddy Flotilla Company was also in service along the Ayeyarwady River in the 20th century, until 1942, when the fleet was destroyed to prevent invading Japanese forces from making use of it. The IFC has since been revived as Pandaw, named for a salvaged original IFC ship, and is now one of the leading river cruise companies in the country.

Merchant marine

total: 24 ships (with a volume of 1,000 gross tonnage (GT) or over) totalling 472,284 GT/716,533 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
Ships by type: bulk carrier 1, cargo ship 17, passenger ship 2, passenger/cargo 3, specialised tanker 1 (2008)
note: a flag of convenience registry; includes ships of 3 countries: Cyprus 1, Germany 1, Japan 1

Ports and harbours

Sea
River

Air

Mandalay International Airport.

Airports

In July 2010, the country had 69 airports. Only 11 of them had runways over 2 miles (3250 meters). Of the 11, only Yangon International and Mandalay International had adequate facilities to handle larger jets.[2]
total: 69
over 3,047 metres (3333 yards): 11
1524 to 3,047 metres (1666 yards to 3333 yards): 27
Under 1524 metres (1666 yards): 31

Heliports

4

Pipelines

See also

References

  1. ^ Reuters Editorial. "In a first, Myanmar's largest city launches bus network impacting..." U.S. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Myanmar Has 11 Airports with over 3250 meters Runways". Bi-Weekly Eleven (in Burmese). Yangon. 3 (18): 7. 30 July 2010.
  3. ^ The Weekly Telegraph 23 January 2008 p17

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/.