This article needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (August 2021)

Transportation in Florida includes a variety of options, including Interstate Highways, U.S. Highways, and Florida State Roads; Amtrak and commuter rail services; airports, public transportation, and sea ports, in a number of the state's counties and regions.


Florida's interstates, U.S. Highways, and state highways are maintained by the Florida Department of Transportation, with the exception of a few highways in Miami, which are maintained by the Miami-Dade Expressway Authority (MDX).

Florida's interstate highway system contains 1,473 miles (2,371 km) of highway, and there are 9,934 miles (15,987 km) of non-interstate highway in the state, such as Florida state highways and U.S. Highways.[citation needed]

State highways are numbered according to convention. The first digits of state highways with some exceptions (such as State Road 112 (SR 112) connecting Interstate 95 (I-95) to the Miami International Airport) are numbered with the first digit indicating what area of the state the road is in, from 1 in the north and east to 9 in the south and west. Major north-south state roads generally have one- or two-digit odd route numbers that increase from east to west, while major east-west state roads generally have one- or two-digit even route numbers that increase from north to south. Roads of secondary importance usually have three-digit route numbers. The first digit x of their route number is the same as the first digit of the road with two-digit number x0 to the immediate north. The three-digit route numbers also increase from north to south for even numbers and east to west for odd numbers.

Following this convention, SR 907, or Alton Road on Miami Beach, is farther east than SR 997, which is Krome Avenue, or the farthest west north-south road in Miami–Dade County. One notable exception to the convention is SR 826, or the Palmetto Expressway (pictured at the right heading north) which, although even numbered, is signed north-south. State roads can have anywhere from one to four digits depending on the importance and location of the road.[1] County roads often follow this same system.

A law introduced on January 1, 2013, required all non US drivers to possess an International Driving License to drive within the state. The Florida Department for Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles issued a statement on February 14, 2013, announcing that the law would not be enforced.[2]


This article needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (June 2018)

Intercity rail

Intercity heavy rail transport in Florida
Lake City
Amtrak Jacksonville
Jacksonville Transportation Authority
Amtrak Palatka
The Ride Solution
Amtrak DeLand
SunRail DeBary
SunRail Sanford
Lynx (Orlando)
Amtrak Sanford
SunRail Lake Mary
Lynx (Orlando)
SunRail Longwood
Lynx (Orlando)
SunRail Altamonte Springs
Lynx (Orlando)
SunRail Maitland
Lynx (Orlando)
Amtrak SunRail Winter Park
Lynx (Orlando)
SunRail AdventHealth
Lynx (Orlando)
SunRail Lynx Central
Lynx (Orlando)
SunRail Church Street
Lynx (Orlando)
Amtrak SunRail Orlando Health/Amtrak
Lynx (Orlando)
SunRail Sand Lake Road
Lynx (Orlando)
Brightline Orlando International Airport People Movers
Orlando Int'l Airport
Orlando International Airport Lynx (Orlando)
SunRail Meadow Woods
Lynx (Orlando)
Walt Disney World
SunRail Tupperware
Lynx (Orlando)
Amtrak SunRail Kissimmee
Greyhound Lines Lynx (Orlando)
SunRail Poinciana
Lynx (Orlando)
Silver Service Lakeland
Citrus Connection
Silver Service Tampa enlarge…
Florida Railroad Museum Willow
Silver Service Winter Haven
Florida Railroad Museum Parrish
Silver Service Sebring
Silver Service Okeechobee
Tri-Rail Mangonia Park
Palm Tran
Palm Tran Greyhound Lines Palm Beach International Airport#Rail
West Palm Beach Tri-Rail Silver Service
Brightline West Palm Beach
Palm Tran
Palm Tran
Lake Worth Tri-Rail
Palm Tran
Boynton Beach Tri-Rail
Palm Tran
Delray Beach Tri-Rail Silver Service
Palm Tran
Boca Raton Tri-Rail
Boca Raton
Broward County Transit
Deerfield Beach Tri-Rail Silver Service
Broward County Transit
Pompano Beach Tri-Rail
Broward County Transit
Cypress Creek Tri-Rail
Broward County Transit Metrobus (Miami-Dade County)
Fort Lauderdale Tri-Rail Silver Service
Brightline Fort Lauderdale
Broward County Transit
Broward County Transit Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport#Rail
Fort Lauderdale Airport Tri-Rail
Broward County Transit Metrobus (Miami-Dade County) Greyhound Lines
Sheridan Street Tri-Rail
Broward County Transit
Hollywood Tri-Rail Silver Service
Broward County Transit Metrobus (Miami-Dade County) Greyhound Lines
Golden Glades Tri-Rail
Metrobus (Miami-Dade County)
Opa-locka Tri-Rail
Amtrak Miami
Metrobus (Miami-Dade County)
Metrobus (Miami-Dade County)
Tri-Rail and
Metrorail Transfer
Metrorail (Miami-Dade County) Tri-Rail
Tri-Rail Downtown Miami Link
(opens 2022)
Metrobus (Miami-Dade County)
Hialeah Market Tri-Rail
Metrobus (Miami-Dade County) Greyhound Lines
enlarge… Miami Int'l Airport Metrorail (Miami-Dade County) Tri-Rail
Brightline Metrorail (Miami-Dade County) Metromover MiamiCentral enlarge…
Metrobus (Miami-Dade County) Broward County Transit

Amtrak service exists in Florida. Sanford, in Greater Orlando, is the southern terminus of the Amtrak Auto Train, which originates at Lorton, Virginia, south of Washington, DC. Orlando is also the eastern terminus of the Sunset Limited, which travels across the southern United States via New Orleans, Houston, and San Antonio to its western terminus of Los Angeles; however, service to Florida has been suspended indefinitely in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. Florida is served by two additional Amtrak trains (the Silver Star and the Silver Meteor), which operate between New York City and Miami. In 2015, Amtrak had a total of 1,027,196 boardings and alightings in the state of Florida.[3]

Brightline is a higher-speed service connecting Miami, Ft. Lauderdale, and West Palm Beach. It is expected to reach Orlando by 2022 with stations at Orlando International Airport and Disney Springs at Walt Disney World.[4]

High Speed Intercity Rail

Main article: Florida High Speed Rail

The Florida Department of Transportation was preparing to build a high-speed rail between Tampa, Lakeland and Orlando. This is the first phase of the Florida High Speed Rail system. Soil work began in July 2010 with the federal government expecting full construction to begin in 2011. However, Governor Rick Scott declined the federal funding.

Florida voters approved a state constitutional amendment in 2000 for the construction of a high-speed rail network. Due to public skepticism about the multibillion-dollar price, voters repealed this amendment.[5] The first segment of this network, projected to have opened in 2009, would have connected Tampa and Orlando, in hopes of alleviating traffic on the busy Interstate 4 corridor. Later segments would have connected Miami, Fort Myers, Jacksonville, Tallahassee, and Pensacola.


See also: List of airports in Florida

Florida has 131 public airports.[6] Florida's seven large hub and medium hub airports, as classified by the FAA, are the following:

Florida large and medium hub airports
City served Code Airport name FAA
Miami MIA Miami International Airport Large Hub 17,017,654
Orlando MCO Orlando International Airport Large Hub 17,017,491
Fort Lauderdale FLL Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood Int'l Airport Large Hub 10,829,810
Tampa TPA Tampa International Airport Large Hub 8,137,222
Fort Myers RSW Southwest Florida International Airport Medium Hub 3,714,157
West Palm Beach PBI Palm Beach International Airport Medium Hub 2,958,416
Jacksonville JAX Jacksonville International Airport Medium Hub 2,755,719

Major international airports in Florida which processed more than 15 million passengers each in 2005 are Orlando International Airport (34,128,048 est. 2006), Miami International Airport (32,533,974 est. 2006), Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport(22,390,285 est. 2006) and Tampa International Airport (19,045,390 est. 2006).

Secondary airports, with annual passenger traffic exceeding 5 million each in 2005, include Southwest Florida International Airport (Fort Myers) (7,518,169 est. 2006), Palm Beach International Airport (West Palm Beach) (7,014,237 est. 2006), Jacksonville International Airport (5,741,652).

Regional Airports which processed over one million passengers each in 2005 are Pensacola (1,638,605), Sarasota-Bradenton (1,337,571), and Tallahassee (1,129,947) and Sanford (1,649,237) which is primarily served by international charter airlines.[7]

Other smaller, regional airports with commercial service (with passengers served in 2005, where available) include those at Daytona Beach (615,841), Fort Walton Beach (520,000), Gainesville (345,788), Key West, Marathon Key, Melbourne (466,367), Naples, Panama City (382,551), and St. Petersburg-Clearwater (596,510).


Florida is part of the Intracoastal Waterway, a 3,000 mile (4,800 km) inland waterway. Florida has the Okeechobee Waterway, St. Lucie Canal (C-44), Miami Canal and the Cross Florida Barge Canal.

Public transportation

Miami's public transportation is served by Miami-Dade Transit, which runs Metrorail, a heavy rail rapid transit system; Metromover, a people mover train system in Downtown Miami; and Metrobus, Miami-Dade's bus system. Metrorail runs throughout Miami-Dade County and has 23 stations on a 24.4-mile (39.3 km) track connecting to Downtown Miami's Metromover and Tri-Rail. Metromover has three lines and 21 stations on a 4.4-mile (7.1 km) track connecting Uptown and the Brickell Financial District inside of Downtown Miami. Outside of Miami-Dade County, public transit in the South Florida metropolitan area is served by Broward County Transit and Palm Tran; intercounty heavy rail service is provided by Tri-Rail, with 18 stations including the region's three international airports.

Tampa and its surrounding area is served by buses run by Hillsborough Area Regional Transit, or HART for short. In addition, HART runs continuous trolley services in downtown Tampa in the form of the TECO Line Streetcar, a heritage streetcar line sponsored by Tampa Electric Company. Pinellas County and St. Petersburg provide similar services through the Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority, or PSTA for short. The beaches of Pinellas County have their own bus system run by PSTA called the Suncoast Beach Trolley. Downtown St. Petersburg also has a separate bus system, known as The Looper. The Cross-Bay Ferry has connected Tampa's Channelside District to Downtown St. Petersburg since 2016.[8]

Greater Orlando utilizes the Lynx bus system, which also operates a free bus rapid transit service in downtown Orlando.[9] A commuter rail service – SunRail – also serves the Metro Orlando area. The Walt Disney World Resort is also located in this area and is served by Disney Transport, its own internal transportation system consisting of buses, watercraft, parking lot trams, and the Walt Disney World Monorail System. The latter is one of the busiest mass transit rail systems in North America, with over 150,000 riders served each day.[10]

Public transportation in Jacksonville is provided by Jacksonville Transportation Authority (JTA), operating bus service, trolleys, paratransit, and a people mover. The people mover, known as the JTA Skyway is located in downtown Jacksonville, and operates 8 stations along a 2.5 miles (4.0 km) track. Bus service as well as paratransit service is provided around Duval County and partially in Clay County. JTA operates three trolley lines in three different neighborhoods: Downtown, Riverside, and Jacksonville Beach. The entire JTA system has a daily ridership of over 42,000.[11]

In Volusia County, VoTran provides bus transportation throughout the entire county. Express service to Orlando was provided between 1998 and 2014 and has since been replaced by SunRail.

In Polk County, the Citrus Connection and Winter Haven Area Transit (WHAT) provide regional transportation in the cities of Lakeland, Bartow, Winter Haven, Auburndale and smaller surrounding municipalities and unincorporated areas. WHAT connects with the Lynx system at Haines City.

The Gainesville metropolitan area is served by the fourth largest public transit system in the state of Florida. Gainesville Regional Transit System or RTS presently serves 40 city routes (19 on Saturdays, 16 on Sundays), 10 campus routes, and five "Later Gator" routes. Paratransit (ADA) service is also provided to anyone with a Gainesville address. RTS has a daily ridership of approximately 25,000 riders.

On April 1, 2016, Florida governor Rick Scott signed a video surveillance bill that was to be used in public Transit systems throughout the state. Public Transits may release their video surveillance to local, state or federal agencies in furtherance of civic duty and responsibility; They may release video footage upon showing good cause to a court of competent jurisdiction.[12]

Intercity Bus

Bus service between cities and towns in Florida is provided by a number of private companies. Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach service is offered connecting Amtrak trains to cities off of train routes, including Fort Myers and St Augustine, but tickets cannot be purchased for the bus alone, only a combined bus-rail itinerary.

List of Florida roads

See also: List of state roads in Florida


Main article: List of Interstate Highways in Florida

Road name South or west terminus North or east terminus Notes
I-4 Tampa Daytona Beach Has junctions with I-75 in Tampa and I-95 in Daytona Beach.
I-10 Alabama state line, near Pensacola Jacksonville Has junctions with I-75 near Lake City and I-95 in Jacksonville.
I-75 Hialeah/Miami Lakes Georgia state line, near Lake City Has junctions with I-10 in Lake City and I-4 in Tampa.
I-95 Downtown Miami Georgia state line, near Jacksonville Has junctions with I-10 in Jacksonville and I-4 in Daytona Beach.

Auxiliary Interstates

Road name Notes
I-110 A spur from I-10 into downtown Pensacola.
I-175 Connects I-275 to southern downtown St. Petersburg.
I-195 An extension of Miami's Airport Expressway (SR 112); a spur eastward from I-95 to Miami Beach.
I-275 A 60 miles (97 km)[13] westward half-loop from I-75 north of Ellenton, over the Sunshine Skyway Bridge, through St. Petersburg, to Tampa International Airport and downtown Tampa, reconnecting with I-75 in Tampa's northern suburbs.
I-295 A beltway around Jacksonville.
I-375 Connects I-275 to northern downtown St. Petersburg.
I-395 An extension of Miami's Dolphin Expressway (SR 836); a spur eastward from I-95 to Miami Beach.
I-595 Connects I-75, I-95, Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport, and Port Everglades.

Toll roads

Main article: List of toll roads in Florida

Florida has several toll roads, totaling 515 miles (829 km) of the state highway system. Major toll roads include:

U.S. Routes


Federal, state and local governments pay for road construction and maintenance. In 2015, the federal government approved $12 billion over the next five years. $10 Billion will be used for the highway program. $2 billion will be used for mass transit systems.[14]

See also


  1. ^ FHP State Road Listings Archived August 22, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved March 29, 2009.
  2. ^ Florida's International Driving Permit Guidelines,
  3. ^ "Amtrak Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2015 – State of Florida" (PDF). Amtrak. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
  4. ^ Spear, Kevin. "Brightline, Disney announce plans for Disney Springs train station". Retrieved 2020-12-12.
  5. ^ "Derailed: Florida Amendment for $25B Bullet Train Bites Dust in Vote - Site Selection Online".
  6. ^ "Florida Drug Threat Assessment-Overview". National Drug Intelligence Center. Archived from the original on August 31, 2009. Retrieved July 18, 2007.
  7. ^ 2005 North America Airports Traffic Statistics Archived January 3, 2008, at the Wayback Machine URL retrieved September 15, 2006
  8. ^ Cross-Bay Ferry – official website
  9. ^ Solodev (6 February 2018). "LYMMO - Public Transportation Services for Orange, Seminole".
  10. ^ "Webster: D.C. Metro should be more like Disney World monorail". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
  11. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-12-28. Retrieved 2013-01-28.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2021-03-02. Retrieved 2016-06-15.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Interstate 275". Kurumi.
  14. ^ "Florida to get $12 billion for transportation projects".