|Type||Mutual defence treaty|
|Signed||4 March 1947|
|Effective||8 September 1947|
|Parties||France and the United Kingdom|
|Languages||English and French|
|Treaty of Dunkirk at Wikisource|
The Treaty of Dunkirk was signed on 4 March 1947, between France and the United Kingdom in Dunkirk (France) as a Treaty of Alliance and Mutual Assistance against a possible German attack in the aftermath of World War II. It entered into force on 8 September 1947 and according with article VI paragraph 2 of its text it remained in force for a period of fifty years.
According to Marc Trachtenberg, the German threat was a pretext for defense against the USSR.
This Treaty preceded the Treaty of Brussels of 1948 (also known as "Brussels Pact"), which established the Western Union among Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, that became Western European Union in 1955, after the entry into force of the Treaty of Brussels of 1954 (also known as "Modified Brussels Treaty (MBT)"), when Italy and West Germany were admitted.