|City of Trece Martires|
Clockwise from top: Trece Martires City Public Market, Poblacion, Cavite Provincial Capitol, Thirteen Martyrs' Monument
Trece; Seat of Provincial Government
Bagong Trece: Puso ng Cavite, Lungsod ng Pag-asa
The New Trece: Heart of Cavite Province, the City of Hope
Nueva Trece: Corazon de Cavite, Ciudad de Esperanza
|Founded and Cityhood||May 24, 1955|
|Named for||Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite|
|Barangays||13 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Panlungsod|
|• Mayor||Gemma B. Lubigan|
|• Vice Mayor||Romeo L. Montehermoso Jr.|
|• City Council|
|• Electorate||116,635 voters (2022)|
|• Total||39.10 km2 (15.10 sq mi)|
|Elevation||123 m (404 ft)|
|Highest elevation||258 m (846 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||37 m (121 ft)|
(2020 census) 
|• Density||5,400/km2 (14,000/sq mi)|
|• Income class||4th city income class|
|• Poverty incidence|
% (2018) 5.89
|• Revenue||₱ 1,021 million (2020)|
|• Assets||₱ 2,684 million (2020)|
|• Expenditure||₱ 654.8 million (2020)|
|• Liabilities||₱ 669.9 million (2020)|
|• Electricity||Manila Electric Company (Meralco)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)46|
|Catholic diocese||Diocese of Imus|
Trece Martires, officially the City of Trece Martires (Filipino: Lungsod ng Trece Martires), is a 4th class component city and de facto capital city of the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 210,503 people. 
The city was the provincial capital of Cavite until President Ferdinand Marcos transferred it to Imus on June 11, 1977. Despite the capital's relocation, the city still hosts many offices of the provincial government. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 210,503 people,  and an income classification of 1st class. 
Trece Martires (Spanish for thirteen martyrs) is named after the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite, a group of prominent Caviteños who were convicted of rebellion and executed by the Spanish colonial government on September 12, 1896, in the old port city of Cavite during the Philippine Revolution.
Trece Martires started as one of the largest and most remote barrios of Cavite. Originally named Quinta or Quintana, it was part of the municipality of Tanza. The land was basically agricultural subdivided into cattle ranches and sugar farms, with less than 1,000 hectares, at the intersection of the present Tanza–Trece Martires–Indang Road (Tanza–Trece Martires Road / Trece Martires–Indang Road) and the Naic–Dasmariñas Road (now part of Governor's Drive).
Main article: Cities of the Philippines
The city was established on May 24, 1954, under Republic Act No. 981 ("The Charter of Trece Martires City") as approved by President Ramon Magsaysay. The Republic Act also transferred the provincial seat of government from Cavite City to Trece Martires. The original bill, House Bill 1795, was authored by Congressman Jose T. Cajulis (1954–1957) and Senator Justiniano S. Montano (1949–1956).
Under the city charter, the Governor of Cavite is ex-officio mayor of Trece Martires; then-Governor Dominador Mangubat was installed as the city's first chief executive. On January 2, 1956, the provincial capitol was formally inaugurated, the same day the newly elected Governor, Delfin N. Montano (the son of former Senator Justiniano Montano) was sworn into office. He served in both offices from 1956 to 1971.
On June 22, 1957, the original act was amended by Republic Act 1912 increasing its territory to 3,917 hectares (39,170,000 m2), more or less. Consequently, the municipalities of Indang and General Trias had to yield parts of their respective areas to this territorial expansion.
On June 11, 1977, President Ferdinand Marcos signed Presidential Decree No. 1163, relocating the capital and seat of government of Cavite from Trece Martires to the municipality of Imus. Governor Juanito Remulla requested Marcos in September 1979 to transfer the capital back to the city, but his request was not approved. As of 2011, the provincial capital is the city of Imus, but most of the provincial offices are in Trece Martires, making Trece Martires the de facto capital of the province and Imus the de jure capital.
On March 31, 1992, President Corazon Aquino signed Republic Act No. 7325, which amended the charter of Trece Martires, allowing the city to vote their own local officials for the first time.
Vice Mayor Alexander Lubigan was assassinated in front of a hospital along the Trece Martires–Indang Road in Trece Martires on July 7, 2018. Following this event, the Presidential Anti-Corruption Commission (PACC) initiated a graft probe parallel to the investigation of the vice mayor's slaying. Before the assassination, Lubigan was expressively intent to run for Mayor against Mayor Melandres de Sagun's wife, Roniza. Melandres was intended to run for Congress to represent the reapportioned 7th district consisting of Amadeo, Indang, Tanza, and Trece Martires. Lubigan's wife, Gemma, became mayor one year later.
Trece Martires is in the heart of Cavite Province. It is bounded north and northwest by the municipality of Tanza, west and southwest by the municipality of Naic, south by the municipality of Indang, southeast by the municipality of Amadeo and east by the city of General Trias. It is about 48.3 km (30.0 mi) from Manila, the capital of the Philippines (about an hour by car).
The city of Trece Martires is characterised with ground elevation ranging from 30 metres (98 ft) to nearly 400 metres (1,300 ft). Its ground slope ranges from 0.5 to 2%.
The land area is fairy well dissected by creeks and streams that are deeply cut, characterized by steep and abrupt banks. These almost parallel drainage lines flow in northern direction to discharge into either Manila Bay or Laguna de Bay.
Trece Martires City has a tropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Aw) with two pronounced seasons: wet and dry. Wet season covers the period from May to December of each year; dry season covers January to April.
|Climate data for Trece Martires City|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.3
|Daily mean °C (°F)||25.2
|Average low °C (°F)||21.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||21
Trece Martires City is politically subdivided into 13 barangays (six urban and seven rural). The city was subdivided by Senator Justiniano Montano and Congressman Jose Cajulis. Each barangay was named after one of the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite to commemorate their bravery and heroism. Below are the names of the barangays and their names before the city's Charter was passed on May 24, 1954.
|2020 ||2010 |
|042122006||San Agustin (Poblacion)||1.3%||2,668||2,434||0.92%|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority   |
In the 2020 census, the population of Trece Martires was 210,503 people,  with a density of 5,400 inhabitants per square kilometre or 14,000 inhabitants per square mile.
Industrialisation and commercialism has replaced agriculture as the major source of economy for the city. Its economic growth has attracted immigration from other municipalities especially from Metro Manila. The population grown from 104,559 people in 2010 to 155,713 in 2015, representing an increase of 7.88%. In comparison, the population in 1995 was only 20,451. The city's other major source of income are revenues from real property taxes.
The most noteworthy fact about Trece Martires is the absence of any form of gambling. It has been awarded in the fields of nutrition, health services, literacy, education and social services.
For the past years (2010-onwards), the city gradually developed its economy for it supported the construction of Walter Mart Trece Martires, the largest Walter Mart in Cavite along Governor's Drive, which was opened on November 29, 2012, and two Puregold stores in Barangays Hugo Perez and San Agustin. In September 2015, Trece Tower Mall was opened, while SM City Trece Martires, the fifth SM Supermall in Cavite was opened on May 13, 2016.
The city government provides the following assistance: financial, medical, emergency, school fees and burial expenses. It has extensive programs for the elderly, solo parents, out-of-school youth, and mothers. One of its programs is a blood donation activity every March, May, September and December; Balik Eskwela (school supplies distribution to all public elementary and high school students); clean and green; revitalization of agricultural lands, high school and college scholarship and their livelihood programs.
The Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Memorial Hospital in Barangay Luciano is a government-run hospital for the people of the city which has a 250-bed capacity. The hospitals in the city that are owned and run privately are Korea-Philippines Friendship Hospital in Barangay Luciano; the MV Santiago Medical Center in Barangay De Ocampo; the Treceño Medical Pavillon Hospital in Barangay Luciano.
Trece Martires has a mental health facility for people in the city near Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Memorial Hospital.
Several clinics are in the city for maternal health. There is ERS Maternity and Jade building in Luciano and other several clinics in the city.
The fire station of the city is in Barangay San Agustin.
|Mayor||Gemma B. Lubigan|
|Vice Mayor||Romeo L. Montehermoso|
|Sangguniang Panlungsod Members
|Joyce Ann C. Mojica-Baking|
|Tracy Anne S. Anacan|
|Kim Paolo C. Lubigan|
|Anne Jomille D. Humarang|
|Jay-em C. Cunanan|
|Antonio G. Lontoc|
|Anselmo L. Trinidad|
|Angelito E. Vidallon|
|Gregor C. Buendia|
|Benjamin C. Balite|
|Jaimer Sierra (ABC President)|
|Tiery Rogel N. Nueva (SK Federation President)|
|Barangay||Previous name||Barangay captain||Settlement type|
|Aguado||Fiscal Mundo||Jaimer M. Sierra||Rural|
|Cabezas||Palawit||Nestorio S. Colada||Rural|
|Cabuco||Kanggahan||Jun B. Rollo||Rural|
|Conchu||Lagundian||Irene R. Aure||Rural|
|De Ocampo||Quintana I||Pablo D. Masicap||Urban|
|Gregorio||Aliang||Eliseo C. Dela Luya||Rural|
|Hugo Perez||Lukbanan||Simeon A. Perdito||Urban|
|Inocencio||Bagong Pook||Rosendo P. Dilidili||Urban|
|Lallana||Panukang Gubat||Cecille M. Decillo||Rural|
|Lapidario||Bayog||Remigio G. Dilag||Urban|
|Luciano (Poblacion)||Bitangan||Luisito R. Diloy||Urban|
|Osorio||Project||Arniel S. Bacani, Jr.||Rural|
|San Agustin (Poblacion)||Quintana II||Cornelio L. de Sagun||Urban|
Trece Martires City schools were awarded to be the most ready in the country on the Brigada Eskwela 2012 of Department of Education. Trece Martires City Elementary School topped the Exceptional Category for Elementary Schools in Region IV-A and Trece Martires City National High School was first in the Exceptional Category for Secondary Schools.