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Triodos Bank N.V.
Company typePublic, not listed
IndustryFinancial services
Founded1980
HeadquartersDriebergen-Rijsenburg, Netherlands
Key people
Jeroen Rijpkema, CEO
ProductsSustainable banking
Revenue341.9 million (2021)[1]
€50.8 million (2021)[1]
AUM€24,166 million (2021)[1]
Number of employees
1,715 (2021)[1]
Websitewww.triodos.com

Triodos Bank N.V. is an ethical bank based in the Netherlands with many branches in Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, and Spain. It was founded in 1980.[1] The bank prioritises investment in environmentally friendly initiatives.

History

Former Headquarters of Triodos bank in Zeist, Netherlands

The name Triodos is derived from the Greek "τρὶ ὁδος - tri hodos," meaning "three roads", which for the bank are: people, planet, and profit. The bank was initially founded as an anthroposophical initiative with a mission to promote quality of life in the broad sense.[2][3]

In 1980 Triodos launched the first "green fund," a fund for environmentally friendly projects, on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange.[4] Triodos took over the British ethical bank Mercury Provident in 1994.[5]

The bank operations and customer support are mainly offered digitally, but adapt to local business norms. In Spain, for example, several physical offices have been opened in major towns.

As of December 31, 2015, the Triodos Banking Group had a business volume of around EUR 12.3 billion, issued over 44,000 (2015) loans and managed over 700,000 customer accounts in Europe.[6]

Triodos Bank received the Sustainable Bank of the Year 2009 award from the Financial Times and the International Finance Corporation (IFC), an organization of the World Bank.[7]

Philosophy

The Triodos Bank refers to its work as the anthroposophical principle of social threefolding.[8] The bank transfers its customers' deposits exclusively to the real economy,[9] thereby financing companies, organizations and projects which it believes contribute to ecological, social or cultural change.[9] In accordance with this philosophy, Triodos Bank in Germany purchases electricity from the green energy provider Naturstrom AG.[10]

Transparency

Triodos "publish details of every organisation [they] lend to, and invest in".[11] The bank displays its annual report online for loans and funds entrusted, which highlights key Triodos Bank facts and figures.[12]

Policy

Savers can open conventional savings accounts, as well as ethical funds and venture capital. Triodos also offer conventional personal current accounts and business banking services. Triodos has an active international department, supporting microfinance initiatives across the developing world. Triodos is the only commercial bank in the UK to provide an annual list of all the loans the bank has made.[13]

The bank maintains the following policy concerning its financial activities and investments:

Criteria for lending

Triodos is unusual in that it only lends to businesses and charities judged to be of social or ecological benefit.[14][15][16][17] This "positive screening" extends its policies beyond those of ethical banks which solely avoid investing in companies judged to be doing harm ("negative screening").[18][19] The bank uses money deposited by close to 100,000 savers and lends it to hundreds of organisations, such as fair trade initiatives, organic farms, cultural and arts initiatives, renewable energy projects, and social enterprises.

"[Triodos] does not lend to organisations, businesses and projects that are directly involved for more than 5% of its activities in non-sustainable products and services or non-sustainable working processes. Triodos Bank will however, to the best of its knowledge, exclude all organisations, businesses and activities that produce or distribute nuclear energy, weapons, fur, pornography and environmentally hazardous substances"[20][16]

Shareholders

Triodos is owned through depositary receipts by private investors and a small number of institutional investors. At the end of 2021 the bank had 43,521 depository receipt holders.[21]

Triodos Bank's shares are owned by the Stichting Administratiekantoor Aandelen Triodos Bank (SAAT), which issues depositary receipts to individuals and institutions, which entitle them to payment of a dividend, but which have limited voting rights. These Depositary receipts are not traded on any stock exchange. Holders are not allowed to own more than 10% of the shares and the maximum number of votes per holder in the general meeting of depositary receipt holders is limited to 1,000. This construction was chosen to prevent hostile takeovers.

Triodos has managed trading in certificates itself since its inception, the price being determined by the bank's net asset value, and updated periodically. Mainly as a result of the COVID-19 epidemic, an imbalance arose between buyers and sellers of certificates, whereby there were more sellers than buyers. The bank therefore temporarily suspended trading on 18 March 2020. Trading resumed on 13 October 2020, with a cap of €5,000 for sales, which was later reduced to just €1,000. Trading was halted again on 5 January 2021. This led to a reaction from certificate holders. They joined forces in November 2021 in the 'Triodom' platform, from which the Triodos Bank Depositary Receipt Holders Foundation was established in March 2022, representing concerned customers with a combined depository capacity of €120 million. On 10 October 2022 the foundation filed a petition with the Enterprise Chamber of the Amsterdam Court of Appeal asking it to investigate,[22] which the bank regrets.

On 21 December 2021, Triodos decided to start trading the certificates on a multilateral trading facility (MTF), a trading platform that is only accessible to registered participants and can therefore protect the autonomy and mission of the bank.[21] The price of the certificates will then be determined by supply and demand. With a view to tax reporting obligations, the bank has applied an administrative discount of 30% to the value of the certificates from 31 December 2021. The last traded price of certificates was €84 on 5 January 2021 but for tax purposes they are valued at only €60. Because trading is not expected to restart until the 2nd quarter of 2023,[23] a restrictive certificate buyback programme was planned in 2021 for certificate holders with an urgent need to sell their shares. However in August 2022, the bank announced that this plan would be withdrawn and proposed instead to pay an extraordinary dividend of €1.01 per depository receipt (before withholding tax).

On 11 October 2022 the bank’s shareholder, SAAT, approved the move to the MTF.[24] Captin BV has been chosen to manage the MTF.[25]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Key figures". annual-report-triodos.com. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  2. ^ https://www.triodos.com/binaries/content/assets/tbho/saat/triodos-bank-articles-of-association.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  3. ^ https://www.triodos.com/downloads/about-triodos-bank/corporate-governance/articles-of-association-triodos-bank.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  4. ^ Visscher, Marco (Jan–Feb 2006). "Banking on Change". Odemagazine.com. Archived from the original on 2008-10-15.
  5. ^ Paul Gosling, "Ethical banks to merge", The Independent, 30 January 1994
  6. ^ de Graaf, Frank Jan (2012), Spitzeck, Heiko; Pirson, Michael; Dierksmeier, Claus (eds.), "Triodos Bank — Mission-Driven Success Pays Off: From Dutch Enfant Terrible to European Business Leader", Banking with Integrity: The Winners of the Financial Crisis?, Humanism in Business Series, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, pp. 158–168, doi:10.1057/9780230346499_12, ISBN 978-0-230-34649-9, retrieved 2022-02-07
  7. ^ Evers, Patricia (2008). "Verwaltungsgericht Wiesbaden - Presseinformation vom 20.12.2007 zum Urteil 6 E 928/07 vom 07.12.2007: Speicherung von personenbezogenen Daten in der "Hessischen Zirkusdatei" ist rechtswidrig". JurPC: 15. doi:10.7328/jurpcb/200823469. ISSN 1615-5335.
  8. ^ "Erziehungskunst – Waldorfpädagogik heute: Nicht Kapitalismus und nicht Sozialismus. Rudolf Steiner als Gesellschaftsreformer". www.erziehungskunst.de. Retrieved 2022-02-07.
  9. ^ a b "Eine Bank mit Wirkung | Triodos Bank". www.triodos.de (in German). Retrieved 2022-02-07.
  10. ^ "Ethik in der Finanzwelt: Triodos Bank im Interview". 2014-10-23. Archived from the original on 2014-10-23. Retrieved 2022-02-07.
  11. ^ "Why we're different: 100% transparent". www.triodos.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-12-15.
  12. ^ "Key Figures". www.triodos.co.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-23.
  13. ^ "Guide to savings accounts". February 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-16.
  14. ^ "Lending Strategy of Triodos".
  15. ^ "Fair Finance Guide on Triodos (Belgium)". Archived from the original on 2018-04-22.
  16. ^ a b "Triodos Bank | Eerlijke Geldwijzer". eerlijkegeldwijzer.nl. Retrieved Feb 20, 2023.
  17. ^ "Triodos Bank | Fair Finance Guide Deutschland". www.fairfinanceguide.de. Retrieved Feb 20, 2023.
  18. ^ Haurant, Sandra (2004-03-04). "Put your money where your mouth is". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2013-08-21.
  19. ^ "Triodos Bank named 'Sustainable Bank of the Year' by FT | Philanthropy Impact". www.philanthropy-impact.org. Retrieved Feb 20, 2023.
  20. ^ "Business Lending | Triodos Bank". www.triodos.co.uk. Retrieved Feb 20, 2023.
  21. ^ a b "Integrated Annual Report 2021". www.annual-report-triodos.com. Retrieved July 6, 2023.
  22. ^ "Stichting Certificaathouders Triodos Bank". www.stichtingcertificaathouderstriodosbank.nl. Retrieved Feb 20, 2023.
  23. ^ "Triodos Bank regrets escalation | Triodos Bank". 10 October 2022.
  24. ^ "Investors in Triodos Bank - Information about Depository Receipts".
  25. ^ "Announcement | Captin".

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