Ormonde, an undefeated English Triple Crown winner
Ormonde, an undefeated English Triple Crown winner

The Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, often shortened to Triple Crown, is a series of horse races for three-year-old Thoroughbreds. Winning all three of these Thoroughbred horse races is considered the greatest accomplishment in Thoroughbred racing. The term originated in mid-19th-century England and nations where Thoroughbred racing is popular each have their own Triple Crown series.

English Triple Crowns

In Great Britain, where the term Triple Crown originated with West Australian's three wins in 1853, it is made up of:

  1. The 2,000 Guineas Stakes, run over 1m (1,609 metres) at Newmarket Racecourse in Newmarket, Suffolk
  2. The Derby, run over 1m 4f and 10y (2,423 metres) at Epsom Downs Racecourse in Epsom, Surrey
  3. The St Leger Stakes, run over 1m 6f and 132y (2,937 metres) at Town Moor in Doncaster, Yorkshire

Since the 2,000 Guineas was first run in 1809, fifteen horses (including three winners of substitute races at Newmarket during the First World War) have won the English Triple Crown. The most recent – and only winner since World War II – was Nijinsky, in 1970. For many years, it was considered unlikely that any horse would ever win the English Triple Crown again. In the winter of 2006/2007, however, trainer Jim Bolger was training his unbeaten colt Teofilo for the Triple Crown[1] and bookmaker William Hill plc was offering odds of only 12/1 against Teofilo winning the 2007 Triple Crown. The horse was withdrawn from the 2000 Guineas two days before the race after suffering a setback and never raced again.

Since Nijinsky, only Nashwan (1989), Sea the Stars (2009), and Camelot (2012) have won both the Guineas and the Derby. Between Reference Point in 1987 and Camelot in 2012, no Derby winner (not even the potential Triple Crown winners Nashwan and Sea the Stars) even entered the St. Leger. This reluctance to compete in the St. Leger is said to be because of the impact it would have on a horse's stud value in a market where speed is preferred to stamina.

Triple Crown winners

For a list of the annual individual race winners, see English Triple Crown race winners.

Bahram, an undefeated Triple Crown winner
Bahram, an undefeated Triple Crown winner

Triple Crown winners:

Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner
1853 West Australian Frank Butler John Scott John Bowes
1865 Gladiateur Harry Grimshaw Tom Jennings, Sr. Frédéric de Lagrange
1866 Lord Lyon Harry Custance James Dover Richard Sutton
1886 Ormonde Fred Archer and George Barrett John Porter Duke of Westminster
1891 Common George Barrett John Porter Sir Frederick Johnstone
1893 Isinglass Tommy Loates James Jewitt Harry McCalmont
1897 Galtee More Charles Wood Sam Darling John Gubbins
1899 Flying Fox Morny Cannon John Porter Duke of Westminster
1900 Diamond Jubilee Herbert Jones Richard Marsh Edward, Prince of Wales
1903 Rock Sand Danny Maher George Blackwell Sir James Miller
1915† Pommern Steve Donoghue Charles Peck Solly Joel
1917† Gay Crusader Steve Donoghue Alec Taylor, Jr. Alfred W. Cox
1918† Gainsborough Joe Childs Alec Taylor, Jr. Lady James Douglas
1935 Bahram Freddie Fox and Charlie Smirke Frank Butters HH Aga Khan III
1970 Nijinsky Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Charles W. Engelhard, Jr.

†Wartime winners Pommern, Gay Crusader and Gainsborough are not counted, according to many judges, as the three races were all held at Newmarket and racing itself was too disrupted. By this reckoning, there were only 12 triple crown winners, and only three in the 20th century.

Failed Triple Crown attempts

The following horses won the 2000 Guineas and Derby but were beaten in the St Leger:

Additionally:

Fillies Triple Crown

Formosa, Triple Crown Winner of 1868, by Harry Hall
Formosa, Triple Crown Winner of 1868, by Harry Hall

There is also a Fillies Triple Crown for a filly winning the 1,000 Guineas Stakes, Epsom Oaks and St. Leger Stakes.[2] In the past, this was not considered a true Triple Crown as the best fillies would often run in the Derby and Two Thousand Guineas. As this is no longer the case, the Fillies' Triple Crown would now be considered as comparable as the original. Winners of the Fillies Triple Crown are:

Stayers' Triple Crown

The so-called Stayers Triple Crown[3] consists of the most prestigious long-distance races in the British flat racing season:

  1. The Ascot Gold Cup, raced over 2m 4f during Royal Ascot,
  2. The Goodwood Cup, raced over 2m during the Goodwood Festival,
  3. The Doncaster Cup, raced over 2m 2f during the St Leger Festival.
Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner
1879 Isonomy Tom Cannon John Porter Frederick Gretton
1949 Alycidon Doug Smith Walter Earl Edward Stanley, 18th Earl of Derby
1953 Souepi Charlie Elliott George Digby George Digby
1979 Le Moss Lester Piggott, Joe Mercer Henry Cecil Carlo d'Alessio
1980 Le Moss Joe Mercer Henry Cecil Carlo d'Alessio
1986 Longboat Willie Carson Dick Hern Dick Hollingsworth
1995 Double Trigger Jason Weaver Mark Johnston R W Huggins
2019 Stradivarius Frankie Dettori John Gosden Bjorn Nielsen

United States Triple Crowns

Main articles: Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (United States) and American Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing

In the United States, the three races that make up the Triple Crown are:

  1. Kentucky Derby, run over the 1+14-mile (2.0 km) dirt track at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky
  2. Preakness Stakes, run over the 1+316-mile (1.9 km) dirt track at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland
  3. Belmont Stakes, run over the 1+12-mile (2.4 km) dirt track (the longest in U.S. thoroughbred racing) at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York, just east of New York City

Triple Crown winners

List of US Triple Crown winners
Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner Breeder
1919 Sir Barton Johnny Loftus H. Guy Bedwell J. K. L. Ross John E. Madden
1930 Gallant Fox Earl Sande Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud Belair Stud
1935 Omaha Willie Saunders Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud Belair Stud
1937 War Admiral Charley Kurtsinger George H. Conway Samuel D. Riddle Samuel D. Riddle
1941 Whirlaway Eddie Arcaro Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm Calumet Farm
1943 Count Fleet Johnny Longden Don Cameron Fannie Hertz Fannie Hertz
1946 Assault Warren Mehrtens Max Hirsch King Ranch King Ranch
1948 Citation Eddie Arcaro Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm Calumet Farm
1973 Secretariat Ron Turcotte Lucien Laurin Meadow Stable Meadow Stud
1977 Seattle Slew Jean Cruguet William H. Turner, Jr. Mickey and Karen L. Taylor
Tayhill Stable/Jim Hill, et al.
Ben S. Castleman
1978 Affirmed Steve Cauthen Laz Barrera Harbor View Farm Harbor View Farm
2015 American Pharoah Victor Espinoza Bob Baffert Ahmed Zayat Zayat Stables
2018 Justify Mike E Smith Bob Baffert WinStar Farm, et al. John D. Gunther

Triple Tiara

There have been several different versions of the Triple Tiara (sometimes known as the Filly Triple Crown) in the United States. One of them was a national version that consisted of undercard events on the same weekends as the associated Triple Crown races:

  1. Kentucky Oaks, run over 1+18 miles (1.8 km) on a dirt track, at Churchill Downs;
  2. Black-Eyed Susan Stakes, run over 1+18 miles (1.8 km) (previously 1+116 mi or 1.7 km) on a dirt track, at Pimlico Race Course;
  3. Acorn Stakes, run over 1 mile (1.6 km) (previously 1+12 mi or 2.4 km) on a dirt track, at Belmont Park;

Only one filly won this version of the Triple Tiara, Davona Dale in 1979. Few have even tried as the short time between the Kentucky Oaks and Black-Eyed Susan is generally considered too short for fillies.

The most commonly accepted version of the Triple Tiara is the American Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing which uses three races from New York. From 1957 to 2002, and 2007 to 2009, these three races were the Acorn Stakes, the Mother Goose Stakes, and the Coaching Club American Oaks. Eight fillies won this version of the New York Triple Tiara:

In 2010, the NYRA changed the configuration of the Triple Tiara to include the Alabama Stakes instead of the Mother Goose. Thus far, no filly has won the reconfigured Triple Tiara.

New York Handicap Triple

Main article: New York Handicap Triple

The New York Handicap Triple is a series of three handicap races run in New York.[4] Although historically notable, the series is now essentially defunct, with two of the races no longer being run as handicaps, only one of the races maintaining a top-level designation, and two of the races being run on the same day; making a sweep impossible. The series consists of:

  1. Metropolitan Handicap, run over 1 mile (1.6 km) on a dirt track, at Belmont Park;
  2. Brooklyn Handicap (now run as the Brooklyn Invitational Stakes), run over 1.25 miles (2.01 km) (now 1.5 miles or 2.4 km) on a dirt track, at Belmont Park;
  3. Suburban Handicap (now run as the Suburban Stakes), run over 1.25 miles (2.01 km) on a dirt track, at Belmont Park;

The triple has been won by four horses:

Turf Triple Series

In 2019, the New York Racing Association established two series of races for three-year-olds on the turf: the Turf Trinity and the Turf Tiara.[9][10] As of 2021, neither has been swept by a singular horse.

The Turf Trinity consists of:

  1. Belmont Derby, run over 1+14 miles (2.0 km) on a turf track at Belmont Park
  2. Saratoga Derby Invitational Stakes, run over 1+316 miles (1.9 km) on a turf track at Saratoga
  3. Jockey Club Derby, run over 1+12 miles (2.4 km) on a turf track at Belmont Park

The Turf Tiara consists of:

  1. Belmont Oaks, run over 1+14 miles (2.0 km) on a turf track at Belmont Park
  2. Saratoga Oaks Invitational Stakes, run over 1+316 miles (1.9 km) on a turf track at Saratoga
  3. Jockey Club Oaks, run over 1+38 miles (2.2 km) on a turf track at Belmont Park

Ireland

In Ireland, the Triple Crown, modelled on the English equivalent,[11] is made up of

  1. the Irish 2,000 Guineas
  2. the Irish Derby
  3. the Irish St. Leger (open to older horses)

All three races are run at the Curragh.

Triple Crown winners

For a list of the annual individual race winners, see Irish Triple Crown race winners.

Only two horses have won all three races since the Irish Two Thousand Guineas was first run in 1921:

Canada

Main article: Canadian Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing

The Canadian Triple Crown comprises the following races:

  1. Queen's Plate
  2. Prince of Wales Stakes
  3. Breeders' Stakes

Triple Crown winners

The Canadian Triple Crown was established in 1959 and since then seven horses have won it. In 2014, the Hall of Fame decided to honor the five horses who had won the three races before 1959, meaning 12 horses are now officially recognized as winning the Canadian Triple Crown.[12][13][14]

Pre-1959 establishment

Since 1959 establishment

Triple Tiara

The Canadian Triple Tiara consists of:

  1. Woodbine Oaks (formerly the Canadian Oaks)
  2. Bison City Stakes
  3. Wonder Where Stakes

To date, only one filly has won it: Sealy Hill in 2007.

Australia

The Australian Triple Crown comprises the following races:[15]

  1. Randwick Guineas (1600 m)
  2. Rosehill Guineas (2000 m)
  3. AJC Australian Derby (2400 m)

The Australian Triple Crown initially included the Canterbury Guineas but now the first leg is the Randwick Guineas.[16]

Triple Crown winners

The Spring Grand Slam

The Spring Grand Slam for older horses consists of:

  1. The Caulfield Cup
  2. The Cox Plate
  3. The Melbourne Cup

The only horse to win the Spring Grand Slam was the New Zealand bred Rising Fast in 1954.

The Two Year Old Triple Crown

The Two-Year-Old Triple Crown, also known as the Two-Year-Old Grand Slam, comprises the following races:[17]

  1. Golden Slipper Stakes
  2. AJC Sires Produce Stakes
  3. Champagne Stakes

Winners of the Two-Year-Old Triple Crown:

New Zealand

The New Zealand Triple Crown comprises the following races:

The New Zealand Triple Crown is also known as the Hawke's Bay Triple Crown or Hastings Triple Crown as all three races are run there.

The only horse to win the New Zealand Triple Crown is Melody Belle in 2019.[18]

Three New Triple Crown Series

Three new Triple Crown series were announced for the 2019/2020 season. Each series consists of three prestigious Group races with a $100,000 bonus for the winner of all three races.[19]The Weight-For-Age Triple Crown

The Sprint Triple Crown

The Fillies And Mares Triple Crown

Germany

In Germany, the Triple Crown (Dreifache Krone) consists of

  1. Mehl-Mülhens-Rennen, German 2000 Guineas (formerly Henckel-Rennen), Cologne, 1600 m
  2. Deutsches Derby, Hamburg, 2400 m
  3. Deutsches St. Leger, Dortmund, 2800 m

Only one horse has won the German Triple Crown, Königsstuhl in 1979.[20]

In East Germany the Dreifache Krone consisted of

  1. Frühjahrszuchtpreis der Dreijährigen
  2. Derby der DDR (Derby of GDR)
  3. Großer Herbstpreis der Dreijährigen

Three horses have won the East German Triple Crown:

Winner of the East German Dreifache Krone[21]
Year Name Pedigree Breeder Owner Trainer
1955 Faktotum Harlekin - Frühlingssonne by Lampos Graditz Stud Graditz Stud R. Kortum
1979 Gidron Santamoss - Geografia by Girst Graditz Stud Graditz Stud F. Borrack
1987 Lomber Trion - Lolita by Zigeunersohn Graditz Stud Graditz Stud H. Schäfke

France

The French Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Poule d'Essai des Poulains (French 2000 Guineas)
  2. Prix du Jockey Club
  3. Grand Prix de Paris

Previously the French Triple Crown consisted of:

  1. Poule d'Essai des Poulains (French 2000 Guineas)
  2. Prix du Jockey Club
  3. Prix Royal-Oak

Two horses have swept the French Triple Crown

For fillies:

  1. Poule d'Essai des Pouliches (French 1000 Guineas)
  2. Prix de Diane
  3. Prix Vermeille

Four fillies have won all three races:

Previously the French Triple Crown for fillies consisted of:

  1. Poule d'Essai des Pouliche (French 1000 Guineas)
  2. Prix de Diane
  3. Prix Royal-Oak

No filly ever won the series.

Belgium

The Belgian Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Poule d'Essai des Poulains (Belgian 2000 Guineas)
  2. Derby Belge
  3. St. Leger Belge

Known Triple Crown winners in Belgium:

The Fillies' Triple Crown in Belgium appears to consist of:

  1. Poule d'Essai des Pouliches (Belgian 1000 Guineas)
  2. Prix de Gustave Roy de Blicquy (Belgian Oaks)
  3. St. Leger Belge

One filly is known to have won all three races:

Belgium's Jockey Club does not (or will not) disclose histories of its Triple Crown races. It is not known if the lists above are complete, and it is not known if any of the above races are still being run in Belgium. The last Derby Belge for which there is any known record was in 2011, when the race was won by German-bred Revanta.

Hungary

The Hungarian Triple Crown consists of:[22]

  1. Nemzeti dij (Hungarian 2000 Guineas)
  2. Magyar Derby (Hungarian Derby)
  3. Magyar St. Leger (Hungarian St. Leger)

Hungarian Triple Crown winners are:

The Hungarian Fillies' Triple Crown (not officially listed by the Hungarian racing authorities) consists of:

  1. Hazafi dij (Hungarian 1000 Guineas)
  2. Magyar Kancadíj (Hungarian Oaks)
  3. Magyar St. Leger (Hungarian St. Leger)

No filly has swept the Hungarian Fillies' Triple Crown.

Switzerland

In Switzerland, the Triple Crown series consists of:

  1. Swiss Derby (2400 metres, turf, Frauenfeld)
  2. Swiss 2000 Guineas (1600 metres, turf, at Zurich)
  3. Swiss St. Leger

Plus the series for fillies

  1. Swiss Oaks
  2. Swiss 1000 Guineas (1600 metres, turf)

One horse has won the Swiss Triple Crown.

Denmark

In Denmark, the Triple Crown series consists of:

  1. Dansk Derby
  2. Dansk Forarslob (Dansk 2000 Guineas)
  3. Dansk St. Leger

Three horses have won the Danish Triple Crown:

The Danish Filly Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Dansk Oaks
  2. Marowinalob (Dansk 1000 Guineas)
  3. Dansk St. Leger

One filly has swept all three races:

Sweden

The Swedish Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Svenskt Derby
  2. Jockeyklubbens Jubileumslöpning (Svenskt Thousand Guineas)
  3. Svenskt St. Leger

Three horses have swept the Swedish Triple Crown:

The Swedish Filly Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Dianalöpning (Svenskt One Thousand Guineas)
  2. Svensk Oaks
  3. Svenskt St. Leger

One filly has swept all three races:

Norway

The Norsk Triple Crown series consists of:

  1. Norsk 2000 Guineas
  2. Norsk Derby
  3. Norsk St. Leger

Eight horses have swept the Norwegian Triple Crown:

The Norwegian Filly Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Norsk 1000 Guineas
  2. Norsk Oaks
  3. Norsk St. Leger

No filly has swept all three races.

The Netherlands

The Dutch Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Hengsten Productenren (Dutch 2000 Guineas)
  2. Dutch Derby
  3. Dutch St. Leger

The following horses have swept the Dutch Triple Crown:

The Dutch Fillies' Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Merries Productenren (Dutch 1000 Guineas)
  2. Diana-prijs (Dutch Oaks)
  3. Dutch St. Leger

The following horses have swept the series:

The Dutch Triple Crown races, except the Dutch Derby and possibly the Dutch Oaks, have not been run since around 2008.

India

The three races that comprise the Indian Triple Crown[22] are: the Indian 2000 Guineas, the Indian Derby and the Indian St Leger, all run at Mahalaxmi Racecourse in Mumbai. The 2000 Guineas is run in December, and the Derby on the first Sunday of the following February. The St Leger is usually run in April; between 1970 and 1990 it was run at Pune, before being shifted to Mumbai. It is now again being run in Pune.

Ten horses have won the Indian Triple Crown:

One filly has swept the series for fillies (Indian 1000 Guineas, Indian Oaks, Indian St. Leger[22]):

Kenya

The Kenya Triple Crown series is run at Ngong Racecourse, in Nairobi, and consists of:

  1. Kenya Derby (1+12 miles)
  2. Kenya Guineas (1 mile)
  3. Kenya St. Leger (1+34 miles)

The three races have been won by:

The Kenya Fillies' Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Kenya Fillies Guineas (1 mile)
  2. Kenya Oaks (1+12 miles)
  3. Kenya St. Leger (1+34 miles)

The three races have been won by:

Turkey

In Turkey, the three races that compose the Triple Crown are:[23]

  1. Erkek Tay Deneme (Turkish 2000 Guineas – 1,600 m) or Dişi Tay Deneme (Turkish 1000 Guineas – 1,600 m)
  2. Gazi Derby (Turkish Derby Stakes – 2,400 m)
  3. Ankara Stakes (Turkish St. Leger – 2,800 m)

Three-year-old horses are eligible for the Turkish Triple Crown.

Champions of the Turkish Triple Crown are:

The Turkish Fillies' Triple Crown (not officially recognized by Turkish racing authorities) consists of:

  1. Disi Tay Deneme (Turkish 1000 Guineas)
  2. Kisrak (Turkish Oaks)
  3. Ankara Stakes (Turkish St. Leger)

Fillies that have swept this series are:

Japan

Japan has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns.

Japanese Triple Crown[24]

  1. the Satsuki Sho (Japanese 2000 Guineas - 2000m), at Nakayama Racecourse in Funabashi, Chiba
  2. the Tokyo Yushun (Japanese Derby - 2400m), at Tokyo Racecourse in Fuchu, Tokyo
  3. the Kikuka Sho (Japanese St.Leger - 3000m), at Kyoto Racecourse in Kyoto, Kyoto

Eight horses have received the Japanese Triple Crown:

Japanese Fillies' Triple Crown[25]

  1. the Oka Sho (Japanese 1000 Guineas - 1600m), at Hanshin Racecourse in Takarazuka, Hyogo
  2. the Yushun Himba (Japanese Oaks - 2400m), at Tokyo Racecourse in Fuchu, Tokyo
  3. the Shuka Sho (since 1996 - 2000m), at Kyoto Racecourse in Kyoto, Kyoto / the Queen Elizabeth II Commemorative Cup (1976–1995 - 2400m)

Six horses have received the Japanese Fillies' Triple Crown:

Hong Kong

The Triple Crown series at Hong Kong's Sha Tin Racecourse consists of three races at increasingly longer distances. Unlike most other Triple Crown events, these races are not confined to three-year-olds.[26] They are:

  1. Hong Kong Stewards' Cup at 1,600 metres (0.99 mi) held in January
  2. Hong Kong Gold Cup at 2,000 metres (1.2 mi) held in February
  3. Hong Kong Champions & Chater Cup at 2,400 metres (1.5 mi) held in May

In 1994, River Verdon became the first, and to date, only horse to win the Hong Kong Triple Crown.

There are two other Triple Crown series: the Hong Kong Speed Series and the Four-Year-Old Classic Series.

Hong Kong Speed Series (International Group 1):

  1. Centenary Sprint Cup at 1,200 metres (0.75 mi)
  2. Queen's Silver Jubilee Cup at 1,400 metres (0.87 mi)
  3. Chairman's Sprint Prize at 1,200 metres (0.75 mi)

Mr. Vitality (1995-1996), Grand Delight (2002-2003) and Silent Witness (2003-2004, 2004-2005) are the champion horses of the Hong Kong Speed Series.

Four-Year-Old Classic Series (Hong Kong Group 1):

*Only for four-year-old horses.

  1. Hong Kong Classic Cup at 1,600 metres (0.99mi)
  2. Hong Kong Classic Mile at 1,800 metres (1.12mi)
  3. Hong Kong Derby at 2,000 metres (1.2 mi)

Rapper Dragon in 2017 and Golden Sixty in 2020 were the Triple Crown winner horses in the Four-year-old Series.

Italy

The Triple Crown series consists in three races at increasingly longer distances.

  1. Premio Parioli at Capannelle Racecourse in Rome, 1600 m, Group 3
  2. Derby Italiano at Capenelle Racecourse in Rome, 2200 m, Group 2
  3. St. Leger Italiano, at San Siro Racecourse in Milano, 1 mile, 6 furlongs

Three horses have swept the Italian Triple Crown:

The Italian Fillies' Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Premio Regina Elena (1000 Guineas)
  2. Oaks d'Italiano (Italian Oaks)
  3. St. Leger Italiano

No filly has swept all three races, but Jacopa de Sellaio (ITY) won the Premio Parioli, Derby Italiano, Premio Regina Elena, and Oaks d'Italia in 1932.

Spain

The Triple Crown series consists of:

  1. Premio Cimera (Spanish 2000 Guineas)
  2. Premio Villapadierna (Spanish Derby)
  3. Premio Villamejor (Spanish St. Leger)

Two horses have swept the Spanish Triple Crown:

The Triple Crown for fillies consists of:

  1. Premio Valderas (Spanish 1000 Guineas)
  2. Premio Beamonte (Spanish Oaks)
  3. Premio Villamejor (Spanish St. Leger)

One filly has swept all three races:

Macau

In Macau, the Macau Jockey Club introduced the Triple Crown Series in 2008, with three races all held in Taipa Racecourse, Macau:

  1. Director's Cup, Macau Group 2 Race, 1,500 metres (0.93 mi)
  2. Macau Cup, Macau Group 2 Race, 1,500 metres (0.93 mi)
  3. Macau Gold Cup, Macau Group 1 Race, 1,800 metres (1.1 mi)

In 2009 Macau Jockey Club changed the series for 4-year-old horses:[22]

  1. Macau Guineas, Macau Group 1 Race, 1,500 metres (0.93 mi), only for 4-year-old horses
  2. Macau Derby, Macau Group 1 Race, 1,800 metres (1.1 mi), only for 4-year-old horses
  3. Macau Gold Cup, Macau Group 1 Race, 1,800 metres (1.1 mi)

In 2010, Luen Yat Forever become the first and, to date, only horse to win the Macau Triple Crown.[27]

Argentina

The three races that comprise the Triple Crown in Argentina are:[22]

  1. Gran Premio Polla de Potrillos, Hipodromo Argentino de Palermo (1 mile on dirt)
  2. Gran Premio Jockey Club, Hipodromo de San Isidro (1 1/4 m mile on turf)
  3. Gran Premio Nacional (Argentine Derby), Hipodromo Argentino de Palermo (1 9/16 m on dirt)

Winners of the Argentinian Triple Crown are:

A Quadruple Crown adding the Gran Premio Carlos Pellegrini, run over 1+12 miles on the turf and open to older horses, is also recognised. Winners include:

The Argentinian Filly Triple Crown consists of:[22]

  1. Gran Premio Polla de Potrancas, Hipodromo Argentino de Palermo (1 mile on dirt)
  2. Gran Premio Jockey Club, Hipodromo de San Isidro (1 1/4 m mile on turf)
  3. Gran Premio Nacional (Argentine Derby), Hipodromo Argentino de Palermo (1 9/16 m on dirt)

Winners of the Argentinian Filly Triple Crown are:

Additionally, a San Isidro Colt Triple Crown and San Isidro Filly Triple Crown are recognised. The San Isidro Colt Triple Crown consists of:[22]

  1. Gran Premio Dos Mil Guineas, Hipódromo de San Isidro (1600m on turf)
  2. Gran Premio Jockey Club, Hipódromo de San Isidro (2000m on turf)
  3. Gran Premio Carlos Pellegrini, Hipódromo de San Isidro (2400m on turf)

Winners of the San Isidro Colt Triple Crown are:

The San Isidro Filly Triple Crown consists of:[22]

  1. Gran Premio Mil Guineas, Hipódromo de San Isidro (1600m on turf)
  2. Gran Premio Jockey Club, Hipódromo de San Isidro (2000m on turf)
  3. Gran Premio Carlos Pellegrini, Hipódromo de San Isidro (2400m on turf)

As of 2021, no horse has won all three races.

Mexico

The Mexican Triple Crown series consists of:

  1. Derby Mexicano (9 furlongs)
  2. Stakes Jockey Club Mexicano (8 furlongs)
  3. Gran Premio Nacional (8+12 furlongs).

All three races are contested at Hippodromo de las Americas, in Mexico City.

Mexican Triple Crown winners:

The Mexican Fillies' Triple Crown series consists of :

  1. Clasico Rubi (7 furlongs)
  2. Clasico Esmeralda (8 furlongs)
  3. Clasico Diamante (8+12 furlongs).

All three races are contested at Hippodromo de las Americas, in Mexico City.

Mexican Filly Triple Crown winners:

Chile

The three races that comprise the Triple Crown in Chile are:[22]

  1. Clásico El Ensayo, Club Hipico de Santiago
  2. Clásico St. Leger, Hipodromo Chile
  3. El Derby, Valparaiso Sporting Club.

Winners of the Chilean Triple Crown are:

Chile also has a Two-Year-Old Triple Crown, with all three races run on turf at Valparaiso Sporting Club.[48] It consists of:

  1. Clásico El Estreno [Nicanor Señoret], run over 1,300 metres (0.81 mi)
  2. Clásico Gran Premio Gonzalo Bofill De Caso, run over 1,400 metres (0.87 mi)
  3. Clásico Copa de Plata Italo Traverso, run over 1,500 metres (0.93 mi)

There have been five winners:

Brazil

Brazil has triple crowns run at Hipódromo da Gávea (Rio de Janeiro) and at Hipódromo de Cidade Jardim (São Paulo).[49]

The Rio de Janeiro Triple Crown consists of:[49]

  1. Grande Premio Estado do Rio de Janeiro, run over
  2. Grande Premio Francisco Eduardo de Paula Machado, run over
  3. Grande Premio Cruzeiro do Sul (Brazilian Derby), run o

Winners are:

The Rio de Janeiro Filly Triple Crown consists of:[49]

  1. Grande Premio Henrique Possollo
  2. Grande Premio Diana
  3. Grande Premio Zélia Gonzaga Peixoto de Castro

Winners are:

The São Paulo Triple Crown consists of:[49]

  1. Grande Premio Ipiranga
  2. Grande Premio Jockey Club de São Paulo
  3. Grande Premio Derby Paulista

Winners are:

The São Paulo Filly Triple Crown consists of:[49]

  1. Grande Premio Barão de Piracicaba
  2. Grande Premio Henrique de Toledo Lara
  3. Grande Premio Diana

Winners are:

Barbados

The Barbados Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing is a series of thoroughbred horse races run annually at Garrison Savannah Racetrack near Bridgetown, Barbados, consisting of races of increasing distance:

  1. Barbados Guineas
  2. Midsummer Creole Classic
  3. Barbados Derby

The winners of the Barbados Triple Crown have been:

Dominican Republic

The three races that comprise the Triple Crown in the Dominican Republic are:[22]

  1. Clásico Matías Ramón Mella
  2. Clásico Francisco del Rosario Sanchez
  3. Clásico Juan Pablo Duarte

The winners of the Dominican Republic Triple Crown have been:

Jamaica

The Jamaican Triple Crown series at Caymanas Park consists of:[22]

  1. Jamaican 2000 Guineas
  2. Jamaican Derby
  3. Jamaican St. Leger

The winners of the Jamaican Triple Crown are:

The Jamaican Fillies' Triple Crown at Caymanas Park consists of:[22]

  1. Jamaican 1000 Guineas
  2. Jamaican Oaks
  3. Jamaican St. Leger

The winners of the Jamaican Fillies' Triple Crown are:

Panama

The Panamanian Triple Crown consists of:[22]

  1. Arturo, Eric Arturo & Eric Arturo Delvalle, 1+18 miles on dirt
  2. Augosto Samuel Boyd Paredes, 1+18 miles on dirt
  3. Carlos y Fernando Eleta Almaran, 1+18 miles on dirt

All of the races are conducted at the Hipódromo Presidente Remon

The winners of the Panamanian Triple Crown have been:

The Panamanian Filly Triple Crown consists of:[22]

  1. Temistocles Diaz Q., 1+116 miles on dirt
  2. Tomás G. Duque y Tomás A. Duque, 1+116 miles on dirt
  3. Raúl (Lul) Arango, Raúl (Baby) Arango, y Roberto (Bob) Arango Chiari, 1+116 miles on dirt

Winners of the Panamanian Filly Triple Crown include:

Additionally, a Juvenile Triple Crown and Juvenile Filly Triple Crown are recognised, as well as Imported versions of each. The Juvenile Triple Crown consists of:[22]

  1. Luis H. Farrugia, Andres y Marcos, 11/16 miles on dirt
  2. An unknown race
  3. Navidad, 7/8 miles on dirt

The Juvenile Filly Triple Crown consists of the Jose A. Perez y Barnabe Perez F. and two other races.[22]

The Imported Juvenile Triple Crown consists of:[22]

  1. Familia Fernández, 6/8 miles on dirt
  2. Louis, Rosita de Martinz y Alejandro Posse, 6/8 miles on dirt
  3. Germán Ruíz, 7/8 miles on dirt

The Imported Juvenile Filly Triple Crown consists of:[22]

  1. Ernesto (Neco), Ernesto y Joaquin de la Guardia, 6/8 miles on dirt
  2. Jorge Ameglio, 7/8 miles on dirt
  3. José Antonio Remon Cantera, 6/8 miles on dirt

Poland

In Poland, the Triple Crown (Potrójna korona) consists of:[22]

  1. Nagroda Rulera, Polish 2000 Guineas, Warsaw, 1600 m
  2. Służewiec Derby, Polish Derby, Warsaw, 2400 m
  3. Nagroda St. Leger, Warsaw, 2800 m

Known Polish Triple Crown winners are:

The classic races for fillies are:

  1. Nagroda Wiosennej (1000 Guineas)
  2. Nagroda Liry (Oaks)

No filly is known to have won the Polish Fillies' Triple Crown, which would conclude with the St. Leger. The Polish St. Leger is now open to 3-year-olds and up.

Puerto Rico

Camarero, winner of 56 consecutive races and the Triple Crown
Camarero, winner of 56 consecutive races and the Triple Crown

The Triple Crown series at Puerto Rico's Camarero Racetrack consists of three races at increasingly longer distances. They are:

  1. Derby Puertorriqueño at 1,700 metres (8½ furlongs) held in the first Sunday of May
  2. Copa Gobernador at 1,800 metres (9 furlongs) held in the end of May
  3. Copa San Juan at 1,900 metres (9½ furlongs) held in the last Sunday of June

The Puerto Rico Triple Crown winners are:

Uruguay

The three races that comprise the Triple Crown in Uruguay are:[22]

  1. Gran Premio Polla de Potrillos
  2. Gran Premio Jockey Club
  3. Gran Premio Nacional

This combination of races received some publicity outside of Uruguay in 2006. The 2005 Triple Crown winner Invasor, after being sold to Sheik Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum's Shadwell Racing and sent to be raced in the United States, went on to win three Grade I races in 2006 before winning that year's Breeders' Cup Classic. He finished the year as the top-ranked horse in the 2006 World Thoroughbred Racehorse Rankings, and won the 2007 Dubai World Cup before being retired to stud following a training injury.

Uruguayan Triple Crown winners are:

The Uruguayan Filly Triple Crown consists of:[22]

  1. Gran Premio Polla de Potrancas
  2. Gran Premio Jockey Club (Uruguay)
  3. Gran Premio Nacional (Uruguay)

Uruguayan Filly Triple Crown winners are:

Ecuador

1980 – present

Ecuador has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns:

Ecuador Triple Crown[74]

  1. Clásico Estreno Dr. Raúl Lebed Sigall, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón
  2. Clásico Polla Nacional Sr. Agustin Febres Cordero, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón
  3. Clásico Derby Nacional Sr.Benjamin Rosales A., at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón

Ecuador Fillies' Triple Crown

  1. Clásico Ing. Carlos San Andres, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondo
  2. Clásico Sr. Eduardo Jairala F, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondó
  3. Clásico Abogado Carlos Julio Arosemena Peet, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón
Pre-1980

In Ecuador, the Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Clásico Nelson Uraga Suarez, at Hipódromo Santa Cecilia in Guayaquil
  2. Clásico Enrique Guzman Aspiazu, at Hipódromo Santa Cecilia in Guayaquil
  3. Clásico Inginiero Ignacio De Icaza Aspiazu, at Hipódromo Santa Cecilia in Guayaquil

Triple Crown Champions:

Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner
Miss Florida
Bananita
Capo Di Monte II
1967 Alcatraz Estuardo Torero Alcides Guerrero Inginiero Miguel Salem Dibo
Pechiche
1971 Farsante Estuardo Torero Alcides Guerrero Inginiero Miguel Salem Dibo

Venezuela

Venezuela has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns:

Venezuelan Official Triple Crown Champions (from 1956):

Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner
1960 Gradisco Manuel Camacaro Leopoldo Márquez Stud Rey-Gan
1972 El Corsario José Luís Vargas Eduardo Azpúrua Stud El Corsario
1985 Iraquí Juan Vicente Tovar (+) Daniel Pérez Stud Chivacoa
1992 Catire Bello Douglas Valiente (+) Iván Calixto Stud Ilusión
2005 Polo Grounds Emisael Jaramillo Carlos Regalado Stud Black Label
2007 Taconeo[75] Emisael Jaramillo Gustavo Delgado Stud Paula C
2008 El Gran Cesar Santiago González Antonio Machado Stud Agrop. Los Alelíes
2010 Water Jet Emisael Jaramillo Gustavo Delgado Stud El Fantasma
2020 Raffsttar Jean Carlos Rodríguez Nelson Castillo Stud Quarterback

Filly Triple Crown winners are:

Philippines

The Philippines Triple Crown series are held at San Lazaro Leisure Park (first leg), Santa Ana Park (second leg), and MetroTurf Racing Complex (third leg) at unknown lengths and it's winners include:

Trinidad and Tobago

The three races that comprise the triple crown of Trinidad and Tobago were established in 1983 and they are:[22]

  1. Easter Guineas
  2. Midsummer Classic Stakes
  3. Trinidad Derby[76]

The Trinidad and Tobago triple crown winners are[77]

Pre 1983

After 1983

Undefeated Triple Crown winners

The following horses won their Triple Crown when still undefeated. Those marked with an asterisk retired undefeated.

Individual Triple Crown winners

Only three jockeys have won the Triple Crown with different horses (i.e., rode horses to Triple Crowns in different years):

At least two jockeys is known to have won all three of a country's Triple Crown races in the same year on different horses:

One trainer is known to have accomplished the same feat as Contreras and García Paduani:

Back to back Triple Crown winners (jockeys)

Don Seymour (Canada)

Javier Santiago (Puerto Rico)

Most Triple Crown winners (jockeys)

Winston Grifiths - Jamaica (5)

Alexis Feliciano - Puerto Rico (3)

Emisael Jaramillo - Venezuela (3)

See also

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