Cyrillic letter Tse
Cyrillic letter Tse - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Phonetic usage:[ts]
Numeric value:900
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АА́А̀А̄ӒБВГ
ҐДЂЃЕЕ́ЀЕ̄
ЁЄЖЗЗ́ЅИІ
ЇИ́ЍӢЙЈКЛ
ЉМНЊОО́О̀Ō
ПРСС́ТЋЌУ
У́ӮЎФХЦЧЏ
ШЩЪЫЬЭЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
ӐА̊А̃Ӓ̄ӔӘӘ́Ә̃
ӚВ̌ҒГ̑Г̣Г̌ҔӺ
Ғ̌ӶД̣Д̆ӖЕ̃Ё̄Є̈
ӁҖӜҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠИ̃ҊӤҚӃ
ҠҞҜК̣ԚӅԮԒ
ӍӉҢԨӇҤО̆О̂
О̃ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́Ө̆Ӫ
ҨԤР̌ҎҪС̣С̱Т̌
Т̣ҬУ̃ӰӰ́ӲҮҮ́
ҰХ̣Х̱Х̮Х̑ҲӼӾ
ҺҺ̈ԦҴҶӴӋҸ
ҼҾЫ̆Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆Э̄
Э̇ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄
Я̆Я̄Я̈ԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺОУ
ѠѼѾѢ
ѤѦѪ
ѨѬѮѰѲѴѶ
Ԙ
ԀԔԖԠ
ԢҦ
ԂԄԈԊԌԎ
ԆԞԪԬ
Г̧Г̄

Tse (Ц ц; italics: Ц ц), also known as Ce, is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It commonly represents the voiceless alveolar affricate /ts/, similar but not identical to the pronunciation of zz in "pizza" or ts in cats.

In the standard Iron dialect of Ossetic, it represents the voiceless alveolar sibilant fricative /s/. In other dialects, including Digoron, it has the same value as in Russian.

Tse in the Bad Script font
Tse in the Bad Script font

In English, Tse is commonly romanized as ⟨ts⟩. However, in proper names (personal names, toponyms, etc.) and titles it may also be rendered as c (which signifies the sound in Serbo-Croatian, Czech, Polish, Hungarian etc.), z (which signifies the sound in Italian and German), cz or tz. Its equivalent in the modern Romanian Latin alphabet is ț.

History

Tse is thought to have come from the Hebrew letter Ṣadeצ⟩, via the Glagolitic letter Tsi (Ⱌ).[1]

The name of Tse in the Early Cyrillic alphabet is ци (tsi). New Church Slavonic and Russian (archaic name) spelling of the name is цы. In modern Russian, Ukrainian, and Belarusian, the name of the letter is pronounced [tsɛ] and spelled це (sometimes цэ) in Russian, це in Ukrainian, and цэ in Belarusian.[2]

In the Cyrillic numeral system, Tse has a value of 900.

Usage

Russian

It is the 24th (if Yo is included) letter of the Russian alphabet. It is used both in native Slavic words (and corresponds to Proto-Indo-European *k in certain positions) and in borrowed words:

Unlike most other consonants (but like ⟨ж⟩ and ⟨ш⟩), ⟨ц⟩ never represents a palatalised consonant in Russian (except occasionally in foreign proper names with ⟨ця⟩ or ⟨цю⟩). Since /i/ after unpalatalised consonants becomes [ɨ], the combinations ⟨ци⟩ and ⟨цы⟩ are pronounced identically: [tsɨ]. A notable rule of Russian orthography is that ⟨ц⟩ is seldom followed by ⟨ы⟩, with the following exceptions:

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

Character information
Preview Ц ц
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TSE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TSE
Encodings decimal hex dec hex
Unicode 1062 U+0426 1094 U+0446
UTF-8 208 166 D0 A6 209 134 D1 86
Numeric character reference Ц Ц ц ц
Named character reference Ц ц
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 227 E3 195 C3
Code page 855 165 A5 164 A4
Code page 866 150 96 230 E6
Windows-1251 214 D6 246 F6
ISO-8859-5 198 C6 230 E6
Macintosh Cyrillic 150 96 246 F6

References

  1. ^ Zhang, Xiangning; Zhang, Ruolin (July 2018). "Evolution of Ancient Alphabet to Modern Greek, Latin and Cyrillic Alphabets and Transcription between Them". Atlantis Press: 156–162. doi:10.2991/essaeme-18.2018.30. ISBN 978-94-6252-549-8. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ Kamusella, Tomasz (2019). "The New Polish Cyrillic in Independent Belarus". Colloquia Humanistica (8): 79–112. ISSN 2081-6774.