Cyrillic letter Tshe (Tje)
Cyrillic letter Tshe - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Phonetic usage:/t͡ɕ/ (listen)
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АА́А̀А̄ӒБВГ
ҐДЂЃЕЕ́ЀЕ̄
ЁЄЖЗЗ́ЅИІ
ЇИ́ЍӢЙЈКЛ
ЉМНЊОО́О̀Ō
ПРСС́ТЋЌУ
У́ӮЎФХЦЧЏ
ШЩЪЫЬЭЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
ӐА̊А̃Ӓ̄ӔӘӘ́Ә̃
ӚВ̌ҒГ̑Г̣Г̌ҔӺ
Ғ̌ӶД̣Д̆ӖЕ̃Ё̄Є̈
ӁҖӜҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠИ̃ҊӤҚӃ
ҠҞҜК̣ԚӅԮԒ
ӍӉҢԨӇҤО̆О̂
О̃ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́Ө̆Ӫ
ҨԤР̌ҎҪС̣С̱Т̌
Т̣ҬУ̃ӰӰ́ӲҮҮ́
ҰХ̣Х̱Х̮Х̑ҲӼӾ
ҺҺ̈ԦҴҶӴӋҸ
ҼҾЫ̆Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆Э̄
Э̇ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄
Я̆Я̄Я̈ԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺОУ
ѠѼѾѢ
ѤѦѪ
ѨѬѮѰѲѴѶ
Ԙ
ԀԔԖԠ
ԢҦ
ԂԄԈԊԌԎ
ԆԞԪԬ
Г̧Г̄

Tshe (or Tje) (Ћ ћ; italics: Ћ ћ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script, used only in the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet, where it represents the voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate /tɕ/, somewhat like the pronunciation of ⟨ch⟩ in "chew"; however, it must not be confused with the voiceless retroflex affricate Che (Ч ч), which represents /tʃ/ and which also exists in Serbian Cyrillic script. The sound of Tshe is produced from the voiceless alveolar plosive /t/ by iotation. Tshe is the 23rd letter in the Serbian alphabet. It was first used by Dositej Obradović as a revival of the old Cyrillic letter Djerv (Ꙉ), and was later adopted in the 1818 Serbian dictionary of Vuk Stefanović Karadžić.[1][2] The equivalent character to Tje in Gaj's Latin alphabet is Ć.[3]

Despite being a Cyrillic letter, Tje was also used in Latin-based Slovincian phonetic transcriptions with the same value as in Serbian.[citation needed]

Being part of the most common Serbian last names, the transliteration of Tje to the Latin alphabet is very important; however, there are many ways to transliterate it. It is typically transliterated as ⟨ć⟩, as per the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet or, without the diacritic, as ⟨c⟩; less frequent transliterations are ⟨tj⟩, ⟨tsh⟩, ⟨ty⟩, ⟨cj⟩, ⟨cy⟩, ⟨ch⟩ (also used for Che), and ⟨tch⟩, ⟨ts⟩ (the last one in Hungarian only, but ⟨cs⟩ and ⟨ty⟩ are more common). It looks similar to the Shha (Һ һ) but stroked.

As it is one of the letters unique to the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet, and also the first letter of the Serbian word for Cyrillic (ћирилица), Tshe is often used as the basis for logos for various groups involved with the Cyrillic alphabet.[citation needed]

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

Character information
Preview Ћ ћ
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TSHE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TSHE
Encodings decimal hex dec hex
Unicode 1035 U+040B 1115 U+045B
UTF-8 208 139 D0 8B 209 155 D1 9B
Numeric character reference Ћ Ћ ћ ћ
Named character reference Ћ ћ
Code page 855 149 95 148 94
Windows-1251 142 8E 158 9E
ISO-8859-5 171 AB 251 FB
Macintosh Cyrillic 203 CB 204 CC
ENO encoding 1035 000040B 1115 000045B

References

  1. ^ Maretić, Tomislav (1899). Gramatika i stilistika hrvatskoga ili srpskoga književnog jezika.
  2. ^ Campbell, George L.; Moseley, Christopher (2013). The Routledge Handbook of Scripts and Alphabets (2nd ed.). Routledge. p. 85. ISBN 978-1135222963.
  3. ^ Duško Vitas; et al. (2012). The Serbian Language in the Digital Age. Springer. p. 53. ISBN 978-3642307553.