Tula
Village
Tula
Tula
Location in American Samoa
Coordinates: 14°15′10″S 170°33′56″W / 14.25278°S 170.56556°W / -14.25278; -170.56556Coordinates: 14°15′10″S 170°33′56″W / 14.25278°S 170.56556°W / -14.25278; -170.56556
Country United States
Territory American Samoa
CountyVaifanua
Area
 • Land0.51 sq mi (1.3 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total405
 • Density794.5/sq mi (306.8/km2)

Tula is a village in the Eastern District of Tutuila Island in American Samoa. Tula is located in Vaifanua County and had a population of 405 as of the 2010 U.S. Census.[1]

Tula is located on Cape Matātula. It is the site of the former upland ridge settlement of Lefutu (AS-21-002).[2]

Geography

Tula is the easternmost village on Tutuila Island,[3][4] and is situated on the rugged northeast cape of Matātula.[5] It is home to wide, white sand beaches and a prehistoric quarry. The Samoa Observatory, established in 1974 by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), sits on Cape Matātula just outside the village of Tula.[6] Cape Matā'ula and the nearby village of Onenoa feature small plantations, high cliffs, and forested slopes.[7]

Demographics

Population growth[8]
2010 405
2000 413
1990 423
1980 347
1970 329
1960 340
1950 261
1940 104
1930 128

History

Tula was one of the first settlements on Tutuila, having been settled by 600 BCE.[9][10] Numerous ancient artifacts have been discovered at the prehistoric quarry near the town.[11]

References

  1. ^ Census of population and housing (2000): American Samoa Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics (2000). DIANE Publishing. Pages 13 and 147. ISBN 9781428985490.
  2. ^ Krämer, Augustin (2000). The Samoa Islands. University of Hawaii Press. Pages 497-498 and 432. ISBN 9780824822194.
  3. ^ Lonely Planet (1990). Samoa: Western & American Samoa. Lonely Planet Publications. Page 148. ISBN 9780864420787.
  4. ^ Swaney, Deanna (1994). Samoa: Western & American Samoa: a Lonely Planet Travel Survival Kit. Lonely Planet Publications. Page 178. ISBN 9780864422255.
  5. ^ Krämer, Augustin (2000). The Samoa Islands: An Outline of a Monograph With Particular Consideration of German Samoa. University of Hawaii Press. Page 432. ISBN 9780824822194.
  6. ^ Stanley, David (2004). Moon Handbooks South Pacific. Page 479. ISBN 9781566914116.
  7. ^ Swaney, Deanna (1994). Samoa: Western & American Samoa: a Lonely Planet Travel Survival Kit. Lonely Planet Publications. Page 178. ISBN 9780864422255.
  8. ^ "American Samoa Statistical Yearbook 2016" (PDF). American Samoa Department of Commerce.
  9. ^ Lonely Planet (1990). Samoa: Western & American Samoa. Lonely Planet Publications. Page 135. ISBN 9780864420787.
  10. ^ Stanley, David (1999). Moon Handbooks Tonga-Samoa. Moon Travel Handbooks. Page 163. ISBN 9781566911740.
  11. ^ Murrow, Tony and Malama Meleisea (2000). Samoa: Pacific Pride. Pasifika Press. Page 42. ISBN 9780908597192.