Turk
Total population
2.5 to 3 million est.
Regions with significant populations
India, Pakistan
Languages
Religion
Islam
Related ethnic groups

The Turk Jamat are a Muslim community found in India.[1] Many members of Turk Jamat Muslim community migrated to Pakistan after the independence in 1947 and settled in Karachi.

History and origin

The Turks descent from Turk soldiers who served in the army of the Nawabs of Junagadh. They claim to be the earliest Muslim settlers to the Sorath region of Kathiawar• Turks, community found mainly in the Rohilkhand region of Uttar Pradesh and Udham Sing Nagar district of Uttarakhand. Turks of Rohilkhand claim descent from individuals of the Turk ethnicity from Central Asia. The first known mention of the term Turk applied to a Turkic group was in reference to the Göktürks in the 6th century, who were based in modern Mongolia. Over time, the term has devolved onto the Turks of modern day Turkey, but historically was also used to describe Central Asian Turkic groups. The Turk biradari claim their descent from the latter group.

Turks of Rohilkhand and the Terai region. One such tradition claims that the Turks came to India as soldiers who accompanied the 11th century warrior-saint Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud or Ghazi Miyan (circa 1014 – 1034 CE). The Turk settlement took place at a latter date. Indeed some Turks groups, particularly those in Rampur, that are originally emigrants from Central Asia, and came in the army of Alauddin Khalji or Seljuks, Muhammad of Ghor or Mamluks & Timur Or Gurkani Turks. These Turks had come from Turkistan region in what is now Central Asia, especially the modern Uzbekistan & Kazakhstan.

Turk ancestors came to India during the period of the Slave Dynasty or Mamluks (1206 to 1290). During the rule of second sultan Illtutmish (1211-1236), who conquered Badaun and Aonla (Katehr) in Rohilkhand, that their first settlement took place near Aonla. During the rule of Ghiyasuddin Balban (1266-86), who made Badaun an important centre of his empire, was when the second settlement of Turks occurred. After ascending the throne, Balban broke up the Amir-i-Chahalgani group of up to the forty most important nobles in the court which was by Iltutmish. As a result, these nobles fled to different villages in Rohilkhand and settled down in the region. The Turks claim descent from these nobles.

Some of these claim to be descended from a certain well-known and pious Abdullah Turk who originally settled in the village of Ronda in the Moradabad district, where his tomb still exists. His descendants do not intermarry with other clans, The author of the Rampur State gazetteer took the view the Muslim Banzara are really a branch of the Turks to have come from Central Asia as soldiers in the armies of Different Turkic Dynasty Mamluks, Seljuks, Gurkani or Mughals. The community are still found mainly in the taluka of Verawal in Junagadh District. They are also found in the talukas of Keshod, Una, and Mandvi of Junagadh District. The community are Gujarati speaking, using the Kathiawari dialect.[2]

Göktürk wave (5th-8th c.)

The First Turkic Khaganate in 568
Tang campaigns against the Western Turks

Main article: Göktürks

Present circumstances

The Turks live in northern India, mainly in Delhi, Gaziabad, Amroha, Moradabad, Rampur, Sambhal, Bijnor, Bareilly, Badaun Muzaffarnagar and Meerut in Uttar Pradesh, Udhamsingh Nagar, Nainital, Haldwani and Dehradun in Uttrakhand, and Bhopal and Junagarh in Gujarat. Türks include different families just like Ghör or Ghorids, Gaznavids, Mamluks, Seljuks, Khilzi, Osmani, Gürkani Türks or Timurids Or Mughals. In this region has 40 to 45% Muslim electoral votes, with a majority of them proud of their Turkic descent. They upset electoral calculations in five Parliament and 17 provincial Assembly constituencies.

The community had traditionally served as soldiers in the armies of the various princely states in the Kathiawar Agency. They are also good traders Like other Gujarati Muslims, they have a caste association known as the jamat, which acts both as a welfare organization and an instrument of social control.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 1394–1399
  2. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 1394-1399
  3. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 1394-1399