This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: contains incomprehensible sections and unencyclopedic expressions. Please help improve this article if you can. (September 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions. (February 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This article uses bare URLs, which may be threatened by link rot. Please consider converting them to full citations to ensure the article remains verifiable and maintains a consistent citation style. Several templates and tools are available to assist in formatting, such as reFill (documentation). (November 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Turkish television series (Turkish: Türk dizileri) has grown radically since the 2000s. Most dramas reflect Turkish culture and are the country's most well known economic and cultural exports.[1][2] Turkey is the world's fastest growing television series exporter and has currently overtaken both Mexico and Brazil as the world's second highest television series exporter after the United States.[1][2][3] The television industry has played a pivotal role in increasing Turkey's popularity in Asia, Europe, Latin America, and North Africa.[4][5]

Turkish series are mostly produced in Istanbul, as television companies chose to settle there after the wave of liberalization for private television in the 1990s.[6] Turkish television channels producing dramas include TRT, Kanal D, Show TV, Star TV, ATV, Fox, TV8, and Kanal 7.[7] The Turkish television series market is marked by stiff local competition: out of the 60 series produced every year in the country, almost 50% do not run for longer than 13 episodes due to the strong competition among the different local channels, resulting in the high quality and popularity of the longer-running productions.[8]

Çalıkuşu was the first Turkish TV series exported internationally in 1986 to the Soviet Union.[9][10] Turkish television shows are almost always available in multiple languages, dubbed or subtitled to accommodate the target country's language. The success of Turkish television series has boosted tourism as well, as visitors are keen to see the locations used for their favorite shows.[11] The sudden and immense international popularity since the 2000s of Turkish TV dramas has been widely analyzed as a social phenomenon.[12]

In addition to broadcasts on television, Turkish series are followed by fans on legal and illegal internet platforms in many different languages.[13][14][15]

Production

Beren Saat is popular from the series Aşk-ı Memnu and Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne?
Beren Saat is popular from the series Aşk-ı Memnu and Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne?
Can Yaman gained popularity internationally with Turkish television dramas.
Can Yaman gained popularity internationally with Turkish television dramas.
Birce Akalay is the lead actress of Siyah Beyaz Aşk
Birce Akalay is the lead actress of Siyah Beyaz Aşk
Tuba Büyüküstün is the lead actress of Brave and Beautiful and Rise of Empires: Ottoman

Today, a season of the average Turkish drama is around 35-40 episodes.[16] New episodes are filmed 6 days a week to keep up with the demanding production schedule, and crews can work up to 18 hours a day.[17]

Each episode of a popular Turkish drama today is usually between 120 and 150 minutes in length (excluding advertisements), which is much longer than a typical episode of an Americas or Western European series, which averages at around 30 to 60 minutes.[1] However, when shown in the Balkans and southeastern Europe, episodes of Turkish dramas are usually split into shorter segments, usually not exceeding more than 60 minutes.

History

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (November 2020)

Turkey's first TV series was produced in 1974. The series was called Aşk-ı Memnu, which was adapted from the eponymous 1899 novel by Halid Ziya Uşaklıgil. The series was released on TRT, the public broadcaster of Turkey. The period of TV dramas on just TRT continued until 1986, being referred to in Turkey as the "single channel period" (Turkish: tek kanal dönemi) and the shows themselves being called the "old TRT series" (Turkish: eski TRT dizileri). TRT was known for its adaptations of Turkish classic novels into historical TV mini-series.[18]

Turkish Yeşilçam films (English: green pine), were more popular at the time. Yeşilçam stars didn't play in TV series. 1970s was the golden age of Yeşilçam. Yeşilçam was the world's 4th biggest cinema.[citation needed] A support actor played in 3 films in a day. Yeşilçam movies are known for iconic unforgetten songs. Soundtrack songs are still widely successful. It being called Turkish: Yeşilçam şarkıları or Turkish: Yeşilçam müzikleri.[19][20]

Other Turkish TV channels appeared in the 1990s, and TV production increased as a result.[21]

Turkish TV series produced between 2000 and 2005 were between 60 and 80 minutes in length. Scenarists couldn't finish scripts on time. Before more soundtrack music added scenes. Soundtrack music were widely successful. Turkish TV series changed a long music video clip.

Turkish TV series in 2005–2010 were, on average, 90 minutes in length. TV series became more popular than Turkish cinema, which mostly consisted of festival movies and comedy movies. Adaptations of Turkish classic novels began to be produced. Authors whose works were commonly adapted included Reşat Nuri Güntekin, Orhan Kemal, Halid Ziya Uşaklıgil, Peyami Safa, Ayşe Kulin, Ahmet Ümit, Nermin Bezmen, Hande Altaylı, and Elif Şafak. However, these adaptations usually transformed the stories from their late 18th- 20th-century settings to contemporary times. Book sales increased 10-fold, but these adaptations were not popular among authors and literary critics. One critic stated, "You imagine that Madame Bovery or Anna Karenina is in a shopping mall. It's terrible. The adaptations aren't literary. There weren't historical places, political, sociological. Characters of Turkish classic change or don't die. Classic political novel changes only love story".[22][23]

In the 2010s, series ranged from 120 to 150 minutes in length on average. One episode of Turkish TV series is like a movie. It's period drama, modern-absurd comedy, crime, romantic-comedy. The most watched comedy series were Avrupa Yakası (2004–2009), Leyla ile Mecnun (2011–2013), Kardeş Payı (2014–2015), İşler Güçler (2012–2013), 1 Erkek 1 Kadın (2008–2015), Yalan Dünya (2012–2014),[24][25] Tatlı Hayat (2001–2004) and Belalı Baldız (2005–2006).

Streaming

Netflix

Since late 2010s American streaming service Netflix has been producing original Turkish dramas and movies available on its platform. Netflix created its first original Turkish series, The Protector, with the release date on December 14, 2018. According to Nick Vivarelli of Variety, Netflix is the only streaming platform to buy substantial amounts of Turkish television series.[26] Fatma, Love 101, 50m2, Paper Lives, Ethos, Rise of Empires: Ottoman, The Gift, Have You Ever Seen Fireflies?, Last Summer, One-Way to Tomorrow, Stuck Apart, Leyla Everlasting are among the Netflix productions that gathered success in Turkey as well as many other countries. There is a special category, "Turkish Movies & TV", on Netflix.[27]

Turkish drama, The Club, was watched for a total of 7,860,000 hours during the week of 8–14 November, ranking 8th on Netflix's non-English language series list, thus making it one of the top 10 most-watched series.[28] The Turkish production (Love Tactics) ranked first in the non-English films category of the February 14–20 list. Love Tactics watched 16,860,000 hours in its second week in the Global Top 10.[29] The Turkish production (In Good Hands) ranked second in the non-English films category of the March 21–27 Netflix Global list.[30] Yakamoz S-245 ranked third on Netflix Top 10 Global Non-English Tv Series category of the April 18–24 week[31] and ranked fifth on the April 25-May 1 week.[32]

International popularity

This article needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (October 2021)

Asia

Afghanistan

Turkish TV series dubbed in Dari Persian have become very popular in Afghanistan, ratings going higher than the traditional Indian TV series that Afghans watched. TOLO, a TV station in Afghanistan.[clarification needed] The most popular Turkish show is Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne? (What is Fatmagül's Fault?).[33] Another series as Öyle Bir Geçer Zaman Ki (As Time Goes By), Beni Affet (Forgive Me), Effet, Aşk-ı Memnu (Forbidden Love), and Adını Feriha Koydum are popular too.[34] In 2015, is reported that the four Turkish series most successful around the world are Muhteşem Yüzyıl, Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne?, Aşk-ı Memnu and Binbir Gece.[35] Also, the most popular Turkish actor around the world is Halit Ergenç,[36] and the most popular Turkish actress around the world is Beren Saat.[37][38]

Arab world

Turkish TV series began to rise in popularity across the Arab world in 2008, when Waleed bin Ibrahim Al Ibrahim began buying up Turkish series for his Middle East Broadcasting Center.[39] MBC is a popular Saudi Arabian broadcasting network.[39] Instead of dubbing the shows in classical Arabic, they were rendered in Syrian Arabic, a dialectal variant readily understood by ordinary viewers across the Middle East.[40][41]

In a survey carried out in 16 Middle Eastern countries by the Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation, three out of four of those surveyed said they had seen a Turkish television series. Turkish series are in demand in the Arab world. They are prevalent on Egyptian television, and are popular among women in particular.

Led by Gümüş (known as Noor in the Arab market), a wave of Turkish melodramas made their way onto Arab televisions, wielding a kind of soft power. The show violated the local conservative cultural norms, showing some Muslim characters drinking wine with dinner and engaging in premarital sex. The Arabic-dubbed finale of the Turkish TV series Gümüş (Silver), aired on August 30, 2008, was watched by 85 million viewers. In 2008, the grand mufti of Saudi Arabia Abdulaziz al-Sheikh issued a fatwa against channels that broadcast Gümüş, saying anyone who broadcast it was "an enemy of God and his Prophet".[40] First Turkish dramas aired in the Arab world were Cemberimde Gul Oya, Kaybolan Yıllar, Annem, Asi, Berivan, Bıçak Sırtı, Kurtlar Vadisi, Elveda Derken, Menekşe ile Halil, Yabanci Damat and Yılan Hikayesi.[42] Another Turkish hit drama in the first period was Ihlamurlar Altında which made Tuba Büyüküstün a star in the region.[43]

In 2013, the most popular Turkish shows were Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne?, Aşk-ı Memnu and Muhteşem Yüzyıl.

Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne? has increased the popularity in Istanbul as a tourist destination among Arabs.[40] In 2015, Küçük Gelin was very popular, it was made by Samanyolu TV but unfortunately Samanyolu TV was shut down so Küçük Gelin didn't have a proper ending. Some Turkish series are more appealing to women, while some action series attract male audiences, which helps attract different types of advertisers for different viewerships. Some series have political overtones, including Ayrılık, which depicts the daily life of Palestinians under Israeli military occupation. Despite this, Islamic conservatives in many Middle Eastern countries have condemned certain Turkish series as "vulgar" and "heretical" to Islam.

In March 2018, MBC pulled all Turkish dramas off the air. Nick Vivarelli of Variety considers this a result of the political tensions between Saudi Arabia and Turkey. The head of the Turkish Sales Company Global Agency, Izzet Pinto, made a statement to say that he believed this was a political decision against the Turkish government.[26]

In 2019, Tunisian-Algerian TV series named Mashaer was the first Arabic TV series to be broadcast with Turkish team in script and directing in order to benefit from the success of Turkish TV series in attracting followers in Arab countries.[44]

An Arab adaptation of the Turkish drama Bride from Istanbul was remaked as 'Bride from Beirut' for MBC in 2019.[45] An Arabic remake, E Alhulwat Walmara, of Turkish drama, Iyı Gunde Kotu Gunde, was made in 2021.[46] MBC linked Arab digital platform, Shahid, still showing Turkish dramas despite the tension.[47] During Ramadan in 2020 and 2021, channels broadcast many Turkish series in Lebanon.[48][49]

Hab Mlouk, Algerian-Tunisian remake of Turkish drama, Afili Aşk, aired in April 2022.[50]

Armenia

Turkish drama, Ezel, was remade under the name, Ancanoty, by Shant TV, one of the biggest channels in Armenia.[51] The Armenian adaptation of the Turkish series Kara Sevda was broadcast under the name "Kayaran".[52][53] Turkish series are also watched in the Armenian diaspora in Russia and elsewhere.[54]

Bangladesh

In Bangladesh, Turkish series started becoming popular by the entrance of Muhteşem Yüzyıl. The show was renamed as Sultan Suleiman and it aired on the newcomer channel Deepto TV which was launched in November 2015 and started its broadcasting activity by telecasting first and second episode of this serial as the channels first opening program. It was the first Turkish drama series aired in Bangladeshi television. Through this program, the channel as well as the show acquired 2nd highest TRP by the first week of January and marvelously got the 1st place in the TRP ratings of viewers by the second week among all the Bangladeshi TV channels.[55] After one year of the highly successful running of Muhtesem Yuzyil, several channels started broadcasting other Turkish series's such as Diriliş: Ertuğrul on Maasranga Television and Ask-i Memnu on Channel I. Diriliş: Ertuğrul has gained so much popularity that the show has acquired highest TRP ratings of viewers in 2017–2018.[citation needed].

India

In September 2015, the first Turkish drama on Indian television was Adını Feriha Koydum (Feriha) aired on Zindagi had become a huge success. The reason behind its success is a powerful story and natural acting by all the artists[56] The third and final season Adını Feriha Koydum, was broadcast for the first time in India between 16 November 2016 to 15 December 2016 at 6 pm under the title "Feriha-New Season" by Zindagi because of overwhelming audience request.[57] However, the show Aşk-ı Memnu (Paabandh Ishq) was also aired on Rishtey in Hindi but on international version of Rishtey like in United States, Europe and Asia. In India, Aşk-ı Memnu does not broadcast by the Rishtey till now.[58] Fatmagul'ün Suçu Ne? is also extremely well received and appreciated by India audiences. The show also helped Zindagi to become the number one premium entertainment channel, garnering impressive ratings. The viewership of the channel increased due to this show. The reason behind it is talented actors, good looking faces, realistic and scenic locales besides good storyline. Kuzey Güney, Adını Feriha Koydum, Aşk Laftan Anlamaz, Little Lord are a most demanded show in India and also highest rated show in India.[59][60] From 25 June 2018 the Star Plus started broadcasting Kış Güneşi as its channel first Turkish show dubbed in Hindi language.[61][62] Kya Qusoor Hai Amala Ka, an Indian adaptation of the Turkish drama series Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne?, was released in 2017.[63][64] Indian remake, Dil Sambhal Jaa Zara, of Turkish drama, Ask-i Memnu, was aired in 2017.[65]

Recently in 2018 MX PLAYER started streaming Turkish shows dubbed in Hindi for free. Day Dreamer, Endless Love, Cennet, New Bride, Brave and Beautiful, The Girl Named Feriha, Our Story (Bizim Hikaye), The Promise (Yemin) are also very well received by audience.

Iran

Ironically IRIB was the one that started everything off. IRIB TV3 used to air Sırlar Dünyası (Persian: کلید اسرار) which had very meaningful stories about things that may happen to you. This show was nothing like Turkish shows nowadays and instead promoted love and faith, it's been said that this show had more fans in Iran than in Turkey. After that Turkish shows got extremely popular in Iran during the early 2010s. They were dubbed into Persian by various satellite channels led by GEM TV. Among the most popular series were Muhteşem Yüzyıl, Aşk-ı Memnu, Sırlar Dünyası and Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne. The loss of popularity in Turkish shows are because in recent years satellite channels that used to air these Turkish shows have been unstable and their dubs have gone down in quality. In addition to that the Iranian government has tried to stop the popularity of these shows by producing much more content itself and also by lifting restrictions on the country's private sector of entertainment where institutions like TGPCO, Honar Aval and TDH Film have been able to make movies and TV Shows more freely. Turkish shows are also simply too long to fit into the Iranian day-to-day life and have also been accused of promoting disloyalty, anger and backstabbing.[66]

Turkish series are still popular in Iran via internet.[67] Some of the Azerbaijanis, the largest ethnic minority in Iran, do not need subtitles to watch Turkish series due to language intelligibility.[68]

Israel

The first Turkish TV series broadcast in Israel was "Menekşe ile Halil" in 2011.[69] The series, which was broadcast in Turkish with Hebrew subtitles, was broadcast five days a week during prime-time on Viva.[70] The Turkish series Bride from Istanbul reached high ratings in Israel, especially among women. The star of the series, Özcan Deniz gave concerts in Israel and Berkay Hardal acted in commercials in Israel.[71]

Pakistan

Turkish series are also popular in Pakistan. Aşk-ı Memnu, which has broken ratings records in Turkey,[72][73] aired on the television channel Urdu1 in Pakistan, and has topped ratings being the most successful Turkish series there.[74] The first most popular series is Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne?[75] that aired on the same channel, the third best television series is Muhteşem Yüzyıl (Magnificent Century).[75][76] According to Pakistani rating network, Media Logic, Aski-Memnu was watched by more than 90 million people on its last episode where as It averaged 45–55 million viewership from rural and urban market. Moreover, Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne? and Adını Feriha Koydum averaged 30 million and 28 million viewership respectively from rural and urban market.[77] No Turkish or Indian program received higher viewership after 2013. After URI Attack, Urdu1 banned Indian content and broadcast Kösem Sultan. The series opened with higher viewership, after three years the Turkish content begin its demand[clarification needed] after Kosem Sultan's premier.[78]

Popularity of the Turkish serials was met by some difficulties: Pakistan's entertainment industry complained that the airing of Turkish and other foreign TV series diverts funding from local productions. Furthermore,[79] A senate committee that oversees information and broadcasting has condemned such shows for their allegedly "vulgar content" and contrary to the Pakistan's Muslim traditions.[80] It was also reported that TV series Aşk-ı Memnu, Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne?, Muhtesem Yuzyil and Adını Feriha Koydum have aired once again after its ending due to immense popularity and major demands. See TV has played a number of Turkish dramas dubbed in Urdu like Ekip1 as Team1, Ötesiz İnsanlar as "Alif", Küçük Gelin as Masoom Dulhan Kucuk.

Hum Sitaray aired season 1 of highest-rated TRT 1 drama Diriliş: Ertuğrul. The story of the father of Osman, founder of the Ottoman Empire. The same drama, Ertugrul, is also being aired on PTV Home, a state-owned entertainment channel from Thursdays to Sundays. It is being watched and its popularity has since risen when PM Imran Khan told Pakistani Public to watch this show. Urdu1 aired Bizim Hikaye, Acil Aşk Aranıyor and Seven Ne Yapmaz in November 2019. The rise of Turkish Content on YouTube in Pakistan began when Kanal D signed up an exclusive worldwide deal with Dot Republic Media for the distribution of their content in the Urdu language. For the first time, multiple titles were broadcast on YouTube in parallel to the TV Channels including Güneşin Kızları as Sunehri Titliyaan (aired on Play TV), Şeref Meselesi as Aabroo (aired on APlus), Siyah Beyaz Aşk as Sawal e Ishq (aired on Play TV), Afili Aşk as Tera Mera Pyar (aired on Play TV), Tatlı Intikam as Ek Haseen Intiqam (aired on Urdu 1). These dramas were aired on Dramas Central, Turkish Dramas Channel, and Best Pakistani Dramas YouTube channels. Aşk Laftan Anlamaz as Pyaar Lafzon Mein Kahan is one of the most-watched series in Pakistan, it has 46 million viewership on its first episode. In Pakistan, it was aired on Filmazia (now LTN Family). People also watched this series from India and Bangladesh. Currently Diriliş: Ertuğrul, Yunus Emre and Aşk Laftan Anlamaz are most popular Turkish series in Pakistan.

Turkic countries

There is varying levels of mutual intelligibility among the various Turkic languages, especially among Turkish and Azerbaijani, which are both Oghuz languages. Thus, in Azerbaijan, the shows are not subtitled as the content of the show is understandable by the general public. Turkish shows are also aired in the Turkish-speaking de facto independent state of Northern Cyprus.[81]

Turkic languages more distant from Turkish, such as Turkmen, Kazakh, Kyrgyz and Uzbek, require subtitles as they have lesser degree of mutual intelligibility. Turkish TV series are popular in the Turkic countries of Central Asia.[82]

South Korea

In 2017, the Turkish series Fi was sold to GTV channel in South Korea.[83] In 2021, Kırmızı Oda was sold for the South Korean channel, Kuki TV.[84] Ezel won the Special Award in the Drama category at the 7th Seoul International Drama Awards.[85] Medcezir won the Silver Award for Best Drama at the 9th Seoul International Drama Awards.[86] Kara Sevda won the Special Jury Award in the Drama category at the 10th Seoul International Drama Awards held in South Korea.[87] Engin Akyürek received the "Best Actor" award at the 10th Seoul International Drama Awards.[88] Kerem Bürsin won the "Best Actor" award at the 12th Seoul International Drama Awards.[89] Turkish drama, Çarpışma, won the Silver Award in the Best Drama category at the 14th Seoul International Drama Awards.[90] The Pit won the Special Jury Award at the 16th Seoul International Drama Awards.[91]

Indonesia

Paramparça aired on ANTV.[92] The Turkish series Kirgın Çicekler was broadcast on Indonesia's ANTV channel and became the 'Most Watched' production by female viewers aged 20–29.[93] Turkish drama, Elif, aired in Indonesia and local remake was made as Elif Indonesia on SCTV.[94]

Thailand

Barb Ayuttitham, Thai remake of Turkish drama, Ölene Kadar, aired in 2021.[95]

Malaysia

The first Turkish series broadcast on Malaysian National Channel RTM was "Bu Şehir Arkandan Gelecek".[96] Malaysian remake of Turkish drama, Rüzgarın Kalbi, aired as Degup Cinta in 2020.[97]

Philippines

In 2018, GMA Network aired Wings of Love, the first ever Turkishnovela to air in the Philippines. It is one of the two 15th anniversary offerings of Heart of Asia. Turkish dramas Ewerywhere I Go, Endless Love and Aşk Laftan Anlamaz aired on ETC CHANNEL in Philippines.[98][99] Cesur ve Güzel aired on ABS CBN.[100]

Japan

Magnificent Century aired on Channel Ginga as オスマン帝国外伝~愛と欲望のハレム〜 in Japan.[101] The Japanese Nippon Tv has acquired the rights of the Turkish drama series Anne, a remake of Japanese drama Mother; the Turkish remake, Anne, will air on BS Nippon TV and Hulu in Japan.[102] Turkish drama Kadın, a remake of Japanese drama Woman, won the Special Award (Foreign dramas) at the Tokyo Drama Awards.[103]

Vietnam

Magnificent Century aired in Vietnam as Thời đại hoàng kim.[104] Cesur ve Güzel aired on HTV7.[100]

Europe

Balkans

Turkish TV shows are widely successful all over the Balkan Region. The most watched show in Bosnia and Herzegovina was Muhteşem Yüzyıl (Magnificent Century). In Kosovo, the most popular TV shows in December 2012 were Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne? (What is Fatmagül's Fault?), which ranked top of all programmes and Aşk ve Ceza (Love and Punishment), which came in third according to data by Index Kosova. In Serbia, research from January 2013 indicates that the top two Turkish shows in TV were Muhteşem Yüzyıl, which ranked fourth, and Öyle Bir Geçer Zaman Ki (As Time Goes By), which came in seventh. Serbian sociologist Ratko Božović explains this popularity by pointing at the traditional, patriarchal values of the Turkish shows, and the many cultural and linguistic similarities between Turkey and the Balkan countries: "The mentality depicted in those shows has to do with a traditional understanding of morality that people in Balkans remember at some level". According to him, all Balkan countries (Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Albania, Croatia etc.) have seen dramatic changes in terms of family life, and the Turkish shows help them recall value systems that now seem lost.[105]

In North Macedonia, Öyle Bir Geçer Zaman Ki (As Time Goes By) ranked in January 2013 the top in terms of viewers, according to Nielsen Media Research.[105] In fact, Turkish shows are so successful in North Macedonia that the government has passed a bill to restrict broadcasts of Turkish series during the day and at prime time in order to reduce the Turkish impact on North Macedonia's society.[106]

They are also widely watched by Bulgarian viewers.[107] Nova Televizia broke the record for viewer numbers when it started broadcasting the Turkish TV series Binbir Gece. The channel then decided to broadcast another Turkish show, Dudaktan Kalbe.[108]

The series Binbir Gece (One Thousand and One Nights) became a primetime hit in Bosnia, Montenegro and North Macedonia, as well as in Romania, Albania and Greece.[109] It has increased the popularity of Istanbul as a tourist destination among Croatians, and led to a greater interest in learning Turkish.[110] Other Turkish series that achieved great popularity in Croatia are Ezel starring Kenan İmirzalıoğlu and Cansu dere (2009-2011), Muhteşem Yüzyıl Halit Ergenc and Meryem Uzerli (2011-2014), Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne? starring Engin Akyürek and Beren Saat (2010-2012), Adını Feriha Koydum Hazal Kaya and Çağatay Ulusoy (2011-2012), Kuzey Güney (2011-2013) starring Kıvanç Tatlıtuğ, Buğra Gülsoy and Öykü Karayel, Dila Hanım, Küçük Sırlar (2010-2011) and most recently Behzat Ç. Bir Ankara Polisiyesi (2010-2013).

In Slovakia, the popularity of Turkish series has improved the public image of Turkey itself.[111]

According to Kosovo's index the most popular TV series there is Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne? Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne? has been sold by 124 countries, Kara Para Aşk sold by 112 countries. Sıla sold by 104 countries. Ezel sold by 100 are series that has been sold by over 100 countries.[incomprehensible]

Greece

Turkish TV series were also popular in Greece until their widespread removal from Greek TV in 2020 due to Turkish incursions into Greek territorial waters.[112][2] As of 2021 only Elif continues to be aired (since early 2018), with low ratings, while from 2018-19 the popularity of Turkish drama in Greece has largely faded, because of the reemergence of Greek-language programming and awareness against Turkish-language TV programs, given the negative opinion about Turkey in Greece. The Greek orthodox Bishop Anthimos had criticised Greek fans of Turkish TV series[113] after Yabancı Damat (The Foreign Bridesgroom) was one of the first Turkish series to become popular in Greece in 2005.[114] According to International Hellenic Association in Delaware is monitoring the broadcast of Turkish drama in Greece, certain companies such as Procter and Gamble provide a large amount of advertising at the Turkish drama in Greece. Generally Turkish dramas have been met with criticism in Greece for many years.

Yabanci Damat started airing in Greece on July 11, 2005, recording a viewing rate of 31.7%; the last episode aired on July 5, 2008, recording a viewing rate of 31.8%. One Thousand and One Nights started broadcasting on June 7, 2010 by ANT1, recording a viewership rate of 18.7%. The last episode aired on February 1, 2011, scoring 24.3%, while the highest percentage was 43.8% on August 6, 2010. Another popular drama was Sila; it aired in Greece on June 10, 2012 by MEGA. The series "Elif" had a particularly significant average viewership share, 16.8% of all viewers, it was watched daily by an average of about 450,000 viewers.[115]

Romania

The series, Ezel, was adapted by Romanian TV channel Pro TV under the title Vlad.[116] Turkish drama, O Hayat Benim, was remade by Romanian channel as Adela in 2020.[117] Fructul oprit, a Romanian adaptation of Ask-i Memnu was also produced by Antena 1 in 2018.[118]

Spain

The neutrality of this article is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. (October 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

After Latin America success, there is great interest in Turkish TV series in Spain. The Spanish Telenovela channel started broadcasting the TV series 'Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne' in 2018, and the series became the most watched series of the channel. After the TV series "Fatmagul", the Spanish channel began to air Turkish series like "Kara Para Ask", "Elif", "Ezel", "Sila", "Medcezir", "Anne", "One Thousand and One Nights" and "The Girl Named Feriha". At the same time, the series "Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne" adapted as Alba by the Spanish Atresmedia.[119]

Turkish dramas; Kadın (as Mujer), Sen Çal Kapımı, Erkenci Kuş, Kızım, Bir Zamanlar Çukurova (as Tierra Amarga) and Sadakatsiz (Infiel) received high ratings on different channels in Spain.[120] Kadin (Mujer) was the first Turkish series aired in prime time in Spain, it has managed to lead its time slot for a year, even facing great products and being broadcast for several days in a row.[121] Sadakatsiz aired in Spain with an average audience of 2.3 million viewers, which makes it one of the foreign series with the best debut since 2020[122] Caner Cindoruk was on the cover of Spain's "Albacete A Mano" magazine for the promotion of the TV series "Sadakatsiz".[123]

While it was being produced by Turkish Netflix, the series, Eğer Bilseydim, whose production was not made due to censorship, written by Ece Yörenç, will be broadcast by Spanish Netflix under the name of Si lo Hubiera Sabido.[124]

The TV series Sen Çal Kapımı, broadcast on the Spanish channel Divinity, reached 460,000 viewers and reached 4.9 percent in Share. Thus, Sen Çal Kapımı became the most watched program of the channel. Another Turkish series, Early Bird, broadcast by the channel before, broke the record by reaching 427,000 viewers.[125]

Spanish remake of Turkish drama, Anne, will air as Heridas on Atresmedia.[126] Another Spanish remake of Turkish drama, Son, aired as El Accidente on Telecinco in 2017.[127]

THE MEDIAPRO STUDIO and MEDYAPIM established their Spanish-Turkish co-production company in 2022, focusing making Spanish remakes of Turkish dramas.[128][129]

'Sadakatsiz' premiered with a powerful 18.1% rating on Antena 3 and 2,357,000 viewers and, it was the leader every Sunday and moves around a 14-15% share in Spain.[130] The final episode of Kızım (as Mi hija) aired as the most watched series on Antena 3 with an average of more than 2.4 million viewers and a 16.8% share, also placed it as a leader on Sunday nights.[131]

Italy

The neutrality of this article is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. (October 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

'Cherry Season' was the first Turkish TV series to be broadcast in Italy and received high ratings on Canale 5.[132] Turkish TV series such as 'Dolunay' and 'Erkenci Kuş' made Can Yaman an idol in Italy. Fan clubs were established for the duo of Can Yaman and Demet Özdemir. The actors of the Early Bird and Cherry Season series participated in talk shows in Italy.[133][134][135] The series starring Kerem Bürsin and Hande Erçel in 'Canale 5' was broadcast under the name 'Love is in the Air'.[136]

The first episode of "Sevgili Geçmiş" was watched by 2 million 472 thousand people on Canale 5 with 13.4 percent in primetime and took the first place.[137] Turkish TV series Brave & Beautiful met with the audience on July 5 in Italy on Canale 5.[138]

Russia

The first popular Turkish TV series in Russia was Çalıkuşu, broadcast in 1986. Kurt Seyit ve Şura was broadcast on Russia's Domashny television channel in 2015. Magnificent Century (Великолепный век) was shown on the Domanshi channel in 2012. Even though the Turkish series called "Sultan of my Heart" was not successful in Turkey, was broadcast on Channel 1, Russia's largest channel, in 2019 and it took place at number one as the most watched TV series in Russia.[139] Siyah Beyaz Aşk was aired in Russia on the Domashniy channel.[140] Anne, Kara Sevda, Kara Para Aşk and Meryem aired in Russia as well.[141] Kara Sevda gained the popularity in Russia. Russian viewers enjoyed watching not only the original episode, but also reruns of Kara Sevda.[142] Marina Hripunova, General Manager of Russian Domashniy television channel, said, "We cannot do without Turkish TV series. Turkish TV series are watched with great interest in Russia."[143] Turkish star Tuba Büyüküstün became the face of Russian mobile operator, Megafon, in 2021.[144]

Russian remake of Turkish drama, Paramparça, aired in 2018 as Oskolki (Осколки) on WeIT Media.[145]

Ukraine

Magnificent Century aired on Ukraine Channel 1+1 in 2012 as well. As of August 2017, Kara Sevda, with the name "Нескінченне кохання" in Ukraine, started to be broadcast on 1+1, the Ukrainian television.[146] Ukrainian remake of Turkish drama, Ezel , aired as Uznay menya, esli smozhesh (Узнай меня, если сможешь) in 2014.[147] Ukrainian remake of Turkish drama Siyah Beyaz Aşk was made as Na tvoey storone (На твоей стороне) in 2019 [148]

France

Turkish series; Kara Sevda, Ölene Kadar, Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne?, and Bu Şehir Arkandan Gelecek, were broadcast on Africa-based Novelas TV, which also broadcasts in France.[149][150] Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne? was selected as the Best Foreign Series at the Soap Awards in 2019.[151]

Slovenia

Turkish series are also popular in Slovenia. They are broadcast by Planet TV and POP TV. You could watch Kara Sevda, Sen Çal Kapımı, Erkenci Kuş, Bay Yanli ...

Sweden

The Swedish public broadcaster SVT acquired the series Son (The End), becoming the first major broadcaster in Western Europe to buy a Turkish TV series in 2013.[152] According to Sweden's television critic, Anders Björkman, the series, Son, was the best foreign show this season in all categories.[153]

Netherlands

Son was remade in 2016 on KRO-NCRV, one of the leading Dutch television channels, under the name Vlucht HS13 (Flight HS13). Thus, it became the first Turkish TV series adapted in Western Europe.[154][155]

United States

Turkish drama, Suskunlar was remade as Game of Silence on NBC.[156] Turkish drama, Son, has been sold to 20th Century Fox Television in the United States and was adapted into a pilot named Runner for ABC.[157] On November 20, 2017, Kara Sevda won an Emmy for Best Telenovela of the Year.[158] Turkish actor Haluk Bilginer was selected as the 'Best Actor' for his role in the TV series, Şahsiyet, at the 47th International Emmy Awards.[159]

Latin America

Turkish dramas have become popular in Latin America after being dubbed into Spanish and Portuguese. Due to the popularity, new Turkish shows continue to be dubbed into Spanish and Portuguese.[160] In 2017, 25% of the biggest 7 Turkish exporting companies' business came from Latin America.[161]

The popularity of Turkish shows in Latin America has been credited to multiple factors. Burhan Gün, the president of the Turkish TV and Cinema Producers Guild, has stated that one reason is that Latin Americans and Turkish people can often look similar to each other.[160] Gün has also expressed that Turkish shows portray storylines relating to migration patterns that are similar in many developing nations. Many shows portray plots about moving from rural areas to cities, and the challenges that come with this transition.[160]

ATV has sold rights to air the series, Hercai, in various international markets, including most of Latin America and the United States through Telemundo, which premiered on June 22, 2021.[162][163] Exathlon is a physical challenge reality show from Turkey that has inspired local versions of the show to be create in Latin America. Brazil and Mexico have each created their own version of the show, Exathlon Brazil and Exatlón México.[164]

In 2020, Taner Ölmez, the lead actor of Miracle Doctor, won the "Best Foreign Actor" award at the Produ Awards, one of the most important awards of the television industry in Latin America.[165] "Bir Zamanlar Çukurova" was announced as the "Best Foreign Series" and received one of the biggest awards at the Produ Awards. Vahide Perçin won the grand prize in the "Best Foreign Actress" category.[166]

HBO opened a Turkish series category on its digital platform in Latin America. For this category, they agreed with Madd Entertainment from Turkey for 3 years; put 10 Turkish TV series in its catalog. Mucize Doktor became the most watched TV series on HBO Max as of October 2021.[167] Sen Cal Kapimi ranked second in the Top 10 list on HBOMAXLA. It ranked first in Chile, Uruguay and Colombia, and third in Mexico and Argentina.[168][169][170][171]

Chile

In Chile, the most popular Turkish show is Binbir Gece, as it was the most watched show in 2014.[160] The television channel "Mega", which started to show Turkish series for the first time in Chile, was saved from bankruptcy, thanks to the Turkish TV series Binbir Gece.[172] Turkish TV series Sıla, which is broadcast in Chile, received as high a rating as the Copa America qualifying match between Brazil and Chile.[173]

Brazil

The first Turkish TV series broadcast in Brazil was Binbir Gece on Band Tv.[174] Then Fatmagul and Sila aired.[175][176] "Sila" had the best first week rating of Turkish soap operas in Band.[177] HBO Max Brasil launched its first Turkish soap opera, Sen Cal Kapimi, in the Brazilian catalog and the title won over subscribers, ranking 1st among the most watched productions on streaming.[178]

Colombia

Tv series; "Cesur ve Güzel", "Fazilet Hanım ve Kızları", "Binbir Gece", "Kara Para Aşk", "Fatma Gül'ün Suçu Ne", "Adını Feriha Koydum", "Ezel", "Muhteşem Yüzyıl" and "Elif" broadcast in the country.[179]

Argentina

In Argentina the show Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne? is extremely popular, with more than 12 million Argentine viewers watching each episode.[160] Mucize Doktor, which started broadcasting on Argentina's number one channel Telefe, received a rating of 14.2 in its first episode, making it the second highest opening performance for a Turkish series. Two days later, on Wednesday, it reached the highest rating for a Turkish drama with a rating of 21.5.[180]

Peru

Kanal D Drama, broadcasting in Spanish for Turkish series, has surpassed one million subscribers in Peru.[181]

Mexico

Adapted from the Turkish TV series, Kara Para Aşk, Imperio de Mentiras was broadcast on the Mexican Televisa channel.[182] The Mexican adaptation of the Ezel was released in 2018 under the name Yago for Televisa.[183] “El Asesino Del Olvido” the Mexican remake of the Turkish series Şahsiyet was aired.[184] Remake of Gecenin Kraliçesi was broadcast on Las Esterellas as "¿Te acuerdas de mí?" in 2021.[185]

Hispanic community in the US

Turkish drama Kara Sevda is broadcast in the United States through Univision, it became the most watched foreign soap opera in the entire history of the country and the Turkish series with the highest audience, surpassing its main competitors. The love story remains the most watched fiction in Hispanic prime time with more than 2 million viewers every day and close to 4 million in its final episode, something that no other series has achieved. Currently, Kara Sevda remains the most watched Turkish series in the United States.[186]

A Spanish-language American remake titled Pasión prohibida of Turkish drama Aşkı Memnu began airing in 2013.[187] Later, the Indian channel Star Plus broadcast the remake of this show as Dil Sambhal Jaa Zara.[188]

The drama, Sefirin Kızı, made Univision the first U.S. network among Hispanic viewers in the weeknight 10 p.m. slot.[189] The actress of Sefirin Kizi, Neslihan Atagül, was on the cover of the HOLA! USA for the promotion of the drama.[190] The actor of Hercai, Akın Akınözü, was on the cover of HOLA! USA for the promotion of the another drama.[191] Another Turkish star, Tuba Buyukustun, was on the cover of HOLA!USA for her key role in the global recognition of Turkish actors.[192]

Elsewhere

As of 2016, Turkish soap operas are popular in Ethiopia, through Kana TV where they are dubbed into Amharic.[193]

Strike

In 2010, a season of Turkish TV series was 30-35 episodes long. One episode takes 6 days to make, so each episode is produced in a week. It was 90 minutes in length. When TV series are broadcast, the next 3-4 episodes film concurrently. Actors and workers were on strike. So a Turkish TV series has generally has 2 crew concurrently.[17]

In 2016, a season of Turkish TV series was 35–40 episodes long. It is between 120 and 150 minutes in length. Actors and crews complained.[17]

Each series roughly consists of 40 episodes that last about 130 minutes, which translates into 5,200 hours of domestic TV content broadcast yearly. Demiray commented that as a screenwriter, "it was wonderful until about 10 years ago. Then I had to write a 60-minute episode per week, as opposed to today's 130-plus minutes. It has become a very mechanical and uninteresting process, just a question of keeping the melodrama going."[17]

Cagri Vila Lostuvali, 10 years in the business and four as a director, adds: "To deliver one episode per week our crews work up to 18 hours a day. This job eats up our entire lives."[17]

According to Şükrü Avşar, one of the leading Turkish TV shows producers and director of Avşar Film, some episodes need between 15 and 20 days of work to get satisfying results.[194]

Approximatively 36 episodes of different series are shot each week.

According to actor Yılmaz Erdoğan the length of episodes is the first weakness of the market. Another weakness is that many series do not last long due to the lack of audience. Therefore, Turkish TV series market has not yet reached maturity.

"With the increase of the episodes' duration and consequently the amount of working hours, the industry has lost its most experienced professionals who refuse to work in such conditions. Wages have not grown much either," concludes Meric.[17]

To get a sense of proportion, it suffices to think about the process of developing a cinema script, which takes about two years and at least seven weeks to shoot 120 minutes of edited footage.[17]

The largest database of Turkish serials in Georgia you can watch from any country for free and in high quality. serialebi qartulad

Business and finance

Turkish shows began expanding internationally in 1999, but only started to gain popularity in the early 21st century. In order to be able to produce high-quality content and to be competitive with the non-Turkish shows that were gaining traction in Turkey, more money was needed and the financial deficit was made up for through expansion to non-domestic markets.[161] The Turkish government also played a role in motivating international expansion, creating incentive by granting awards and support to the companies that are most effective in exporting worldwide.[161]

In 2017, Turkish TV exports earned 350 million U.S. dollars, officially marking the country as the second largest drama exporter in the world behind the United States.[161][160] According to the Secretary General of the TEA, Bader Arslan, Turkey's yearly income from TV exports will exceed 1 billion U.S. dollars by 2023.[160] Turkish dizis are exported to approximatively 140 countries around the world.

Today, there are about 45 production companies and 150 active film directors in Turkey. Production cost of a serie may vary between 78 000 and 520 000 U.S. dollars (for the most famous ones).[195]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Jenna Krajeski. "Turkey: Soap Operas and Politics". Pulitzer Center. Archived from the original on 2013-01-17. Retrieved 2013-01-15.
  2. ^ a b c Moore, Robbie. "Soap Opera Diplomacy: Turkish TV in Greece". The International. Archived from the original on 15 February 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Turkey has a star role in more than just TV drama". The National. 2012-02-08. Archived from the original on 2015-09-27.
  4. ^ "Television series enhances Turkey's popularity in Arab world". Xinhua. 2011-04-09. Archived from the original on 2011-04-12.
  5. ^ "The success story of Turkish TV series in Latin America". dailysabah.com. 3 February 2016. Archived from the original on 2016-05-05.
  6. ^ Paris, Julien. "A Geographical Approach Of Creative Industries: The Case Of Tv Production In Istanbul" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2013-11-13.
  7. ^ "Turkish 'TV series spring' continues". Hürriyet Daily News. 2012-10-17. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24.
  8. ^ "The Heyday of Turkish Content". ttvMediaNews. 2012-10-10. Archived from the original on 2013-02-16.
  9. ^ Egemen, Erol. "2000li Yıllara Damga Vurmuş 20 Efsane Yerli Dizi". mynet.com. Archived from the original on 2016-06-01.
  10. ^ "Erkan Petekkaya, Tuba Buyukustun, Kenan Imirzalioglu, Cansu Dere, creatorii propriului miracol! Iata cum au stralucit indragitii actori turci, pe covorul rosu al Galei "Altin Kelebek"!". kanald.ro. Archived from the original on 2017-12-12.
  11. ^ "Fast Track - Desperate soap star for a day". BBC News. 2012-12-21. Archived from the original on 2013-01-17. Retrieved 2013-01-15.
  12. ^ Alzafeeri, Ahmad. "Turkish Soap Opera and Kuwaiti audiences". Aberystwyth University. Archived from the original on 2012-09-18.
  13. ^ "Без "Великолепного века": современные сериалы-драмы из Турции". Кино Mail.ru. April 3, 2021.
  14. ^ "Turkish123 | Watch Turkish Series (English Subtitles)".
  15. ^ "10 Best Sites To Watch Turkish Series With English Subtitles". DigitalCruch. January 13, 2021.
  16. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-03-21. Retrieved 2016-09-02.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ a b c d e f g "Turkish dramas conquer the world". middleeasteye.net. Archived from the original on 2016-04-17.
  18. ^ "Türkiyenin İlk Yerli Dizisini Çeken Halit Refiğ Yaşamını Yitirdi - Televizyon Dizisi". www.televizyondizisi.com. Archived from the original on 2016-06-17.
  19. ^ Celenk, Sevilay. "Aşk-ı Memnu'dan Aşkı Memnu'ya Yerli Dizi Serüvenimiz". academia.edu. Archived from the original on 2018-05-30.
  20. ^ "Türk televizyon tarihinin unutulmaz 50 dizisi". CNN Türk. Archived from the original on 2016-05-24.
  21. ^ "90'larda soluksuz izlediğimiz 30 efsane dizi". Archived from the original on 2016-05-22. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
  22. ^ sitesi, milliyet.com.tr Türkiye'nin lider haber. "Ekranın 'DİZİ DİZİ' romanları". milliyet.com.tr. Archived from the original on 2016-03-10.
  23. ^ Onedio.com. "Dizisi Tutunca Kitabı Basılan 10 Yapım". onedio.com. Archived from the original on 2016-05-29.
  24. ^ "免费任你躁国语自产在线播放_一女两男3p黑人视频_国产毛片农村妇女系列福利片_最新的黄色网址". Archived from the original on 2016-05-13. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
  25. ^ sitesi, milliyet.com.tr Türkiye'nin lider haber. "60 DAKİKALIK DİZİ GELİYOR - Sina Koloğlu - Milliyet.com.tr". milliyet.com.tr. Archived from the original on 2016-05-15.
  26. ^ a b Vivarelli, Nick (2018-04-09). "Turkey Experiences Its Own Wave of Peak TV". Variety. Retrieved 2018-11-26.
  27. ^ "Turkey's Best Movies & TV". www.netflix.com.
  28. ^ "Kulüp, ilk haftasında Netflix'in en çok izlenen dizileri arasına girdi".
  29. ^ "Netflix'in Türk filmi, dünya sıralamasında birinci oldu!". 26 February 2022.
  30. ^ "Netflix Top 10 - Global".
  31. ^ "Netflix Top 10 - Global".
  32. ^ "Netflix Top 10 - Global".
  33. ^ "Beren Saat Afgan Kadınlarını Uyarıyor". Dizisifilm. Archived from the original on September 26, 2015. Retrieved September 15, 2015.
  34. ^ "TOLO TV". TOLO TV. Archived from the original on 2015-09-18.
  35. ^ "Dünyada En Çok İzlenen 10 Türk Dizisi". televiziondizisi. Archived from the original on September 19, 2015. Retrieved September 15, 2015.
  36. ^ "Türk Dizilerinin En Başarılı Erkek Oyuncuları". Televizyondizizi. August 14, 2015. Archived from the original on October 3, 2015. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  37. ^ "Türk Dizilerinin En Başarılı Kadın Oyuncuları". televiziondizisi.com. August 14, 2015. Archived from the original on August 22, 2015. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
  38. ^ "Türk Dizilerinin En Başarılı Kadın Oyuncuları". televizyongazetesi. Archived from the original on August 16, 2015. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
  39. ^ a b Zahraa Alkhalisi. "Fox launches TV streaming service with Saudi media group". CNN. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  40. ^ a b c "Turkish soap operas in the Arab world: social liberation or cultural alienation? - Arab Media & Society". Arab Media & Society. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  41. ^ "How Turkish TV is taking over the world". The Guardian. 13 September 2019.
  42. ^ "Ortadoğu'da hangi Türk dizileri izlenme rekoru kırıyor?". MedyaFaresi.com. 19 November 2009. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  43. ^ "Arap pazarından $ yağdı - Magazin Haberleri". Gazetevatan.com. 2009-11-19. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  44. ^ ""مشاعر"... مسلسل تونسي جزائري بتقنيات تركية" (in Arabic). Alaraby.co.uk. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  45. ^ "Login • Instagram". www.instagram.com. ((cite web)): Cite uses generic title (help)
  46. ^ "İyi Günde Kötü Günde'nin Arapça versiyonu çekildi!". 30 August 2021.
  47. ^ https://shahid.mbc.net/ar
  48. ^ "Lebanese escape from economic crisis, pandemic stress with Turkish TV series | Daily Sabah". Daily Sabah. 5 May 2020.
  49. ^ "Türk dizileri bu ramazanda da Lübnan'da en çok izlenenlerin başında geliyor". Aa.com.tr. 2021-04-20. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  50. ^ @TvDunyasii (4 April 2022). "Başrollerinde Burcu Özberk ve Çağlar Ertuğrul'un olduğu #AfiliAşk'ın Cezayir-Tunus ortak yapımı uyarlaması yapıldı.…" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  51. ^ "Tension with Armenia affects airing of TV show". Hurriyetdailynews.com. 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  52. ^ Center, Armenian Information. "Ժող էտ "Կայարան" սերիալը մի նայեք, լրիիիիվ թուրքական քոփիյա... (Տեսանյութ)". yn.am.
  53. ^ ""Կայարան" հեռուստասերիալը թուրքական սերիալի խայտառակ կրկնօրինակում է. քաղաքացիները դժգոհում են (լուսանկար, տեսանյութ)". past.am.
  54. ^ Varduhi Balyan EmailVardbalian@gmail.com (2016-11-25). "Türkiye dizileri Ermenistan'da zirvede". Agos. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  55. ^ "Deepto TV on top". Dhaka Tribune. 21 January 2016. Archived from the original on 22 January 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  56. ^ "Here's Why Zindagi's Feriha Has Taken Over Indian Television!". Desimartini. Retrieved 2016-12-22.
  57. ^ ZINDAGI Channel (2016-10-31), Feriha - New Season Promo, retrieved 2016-12-22
  58. ^ Rishtey Website Promo (2015-10-13), PABBAND ISHQ PROMO 1, retrieved 2016-12-22
  59. ^ Team, Tellychakkar. "Zindagi's launches Turkish blockbuster series Fatmagul". Tellychakkar.com. Archived from the original on 2016-10-19. Retrieved 2016-10-14.
  60. ^ "After Pak Show ban, Zindagi Channel to bank on Indian, Turkish content". The Indian Express. 2016-10-03. Archived from the original on 2016-10-20. Retrieved 2016-10-14.
  61. ^ "Star Plus UK to air first Turkish fiction 'Winter Sun' this month". BizAsia | Media, Entertainment, Showbiz, Events and Music. 2018-06-13. Retrieved 2018-08-01.
  62. ^ "Turkish Drama Winter Sun set to air on Star India - in the UK". ecchorights.com. Retrieved 2018-08-01.
  63. ^ Coutinho, Natasha (22 March 2017). "From Turkey, with a desi twist". Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  64. ^ Laghate, Gaurav (27 February 2017). "Star Plus to reboot afternoon slot with 4 new shows - The Economic Times". The Economic Times. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  65. ^ "India is progressing and we need to show it on TV: Sanjay". Business Standard. Press Trust of India. 24 October 2017.((cite news)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  66. ^ "Iranian officials failing to stop of Turkish TV series". Hurriyetdailynews. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
  67. ^ گروه مشاورین ارکیده. "سریال ترکی لیست سریال های برتر و عاشقانه ترکیه ای - گروه مشاوره سرمایه گذاری ارکیده". Orkideh.net. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  68. ^ نوشته: علیرضا مجیدی. "بهترین سریال های ترکی ،معرفی و خلاصه داستان". 1pezeshk.com. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  69. ^ "'Menekşe ile Halil' İsrail'de patladı!". 15 September 2011.
  70. ^ "İsrail'de 'Menekşe ile Halil' çılgınlığı başladı".
  71. ^ "The Turks Are Back, and They've Got All of Israel Addicted". Haaretz.
  72. ^ "Turquía sueña con el amor prohibido". lavanguardia.com.
  73. ^ Kimmelman, Michael (17 June 2010). "Soap Operas in the Arab World Yield Their Own Soft Power". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2 April 2017.
  74. ^ "Pakistan Hit by Fever of Turkey's Popular Cultural Export". wordpress.com. 16 March 2013. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  75. ^ a b "Top Six Turkish Dramas (dubbed in Urdu)". gonnabecrazyforyou.blogspot.com. 10 January 2014. Archived from the original on 2016-11-30.
  76. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-04-16. Retrieved 2015-04-11.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  77. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-12-27. Retrieved 2017-01-15.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  78. ^ "Medialogic Pakistan". www.medialogic.com.pk. Archived from the original on 2007-10-23.
  79. ^ AP (26 November 2013). "Some in Pakistan threatened by Turkish TV invasion". dawn.com. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015.
  80. ^ Yusuf, Huma (2013-01-10). "Trashy Turkish TV Shows Can't Distract Pakistanis From Reality". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2013-01-14. Retrieved 2013-01-15.
  81. ^ "Sayfa Bulunamadı - Haber KKTC". Archived from the original on 2016-09-28. Retrieved 2016-06-15.
  82. ^ "Fatih Altaylı - Türk dizileri niye başarılı? - HABERTÜRK". haberturk.com. 18 August 2013. Archived from the original on 2016-08-08.
  83. ^ "Fi, Güney Kore'de yayınlanan ilk Türk dizisi olacak!". ranini.tv.
  84. ^ "'Kırmızı Oda' Güney Kore'de yayımlanacak". www.cumhuriyet.com.tr.
  85. ^ Sinem VURAL. "Seul’de ödül kazandÄą - Magazin Haberleri". Hurriyet.com.tr. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  86. ^ "Medcezir Kore'den ödülle dönüyor - Son Dakika Magazin Haberleri". Hurriyet.com.tr. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  87. ^ "Burak Özçivit Kara Sevda ile Güney Kore'den ödülle dönüyor - Magazin Haberleri". Hurriyet.com.tr. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  88. ^ "Engin Akyürek 10. Uluslarası Seul Drama Ödülleri'nde "En İyi Erkek Oyuncu" ödülünü aldı". Haberturk.com. 10 September 2015. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  89. ^ "Kerem Bürsin ödülü aldı rolü kaptı - Magazin Haberleri". NTV. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  90. ^ "Çarpışma dizisine Kore'den ödül!".
  91. ^ Mynet (2021-10-21). "Çukur dizisi 16. Seul Uluslararası Drama Ödülleri'nde Jüri Özel Ödülü'nü kazandı! Aras Bulut İynemli'den videolu mesaj". Mynet.com. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  92. ^ "Türk dizisinin büyük başarısı! "Paramparça"ya Endonezya'da büyük ilgi". 6 August 2016.
  93. ^ "Endonezya'da en çok izlenen dizi 'Kırgın Çiçekler'". Sabah.
  94. ^ "SCTV Siapkan Serial Elif Versi Indonesia - ShowBiz". Liputan6.com. 2015-11-29. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  95. ^ "Barb Ayuttitham - ShareRice Wiki (AFN)". Sharerice.com. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  96. ^ "Malezya Ulusal Kanalı RTM'de yayınlanacak olan ilk Türk dizisi belli oldu: Bu Şehir Arkandan Gelecek".
  97. ^ https://gempak.com/berita-terkini/degup-cinta-cipta-sejarah-bakal-dipertontonkan-di-turki-dan-timur-tengah-10526
  98. ^ @etcerye (31 August 2021). "Love is in the air! Sinurprise ni Demir si Selin sa pamamagitan ng pagsundo niya. #SelDem #EverywhereIGoOnETC Ever…" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  99. ^ @trkshdrmfns_ph (23 July 2021). "HERE ARE THE TOP 3 TAGALIZED TURKISH SERIES BY @etcerye ✨ 1 #EndlessLoveOnETC 2 #EverywhereIGoOnETC 3 #HayatOnETC…" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  100. ^ a b "Cesur ve Güzel üç ülkede daha yayına girecek".
  101. ^ "「オスマン帝国外伝~愛と欲望のハレム~」シーズン4|チャンネル銀河". www.ch-ginga.jp.
  102. ^ "Nippon TV Acquires Turkish Remake of Mother". 26 August 2020.
  103. ^ "International Drama Festival:Foreign Dramas".
  104. ^ "thời đại hoàng kim tập 101 Phần 3 HTV7 - Video Dailymotion". Dailymotion. 9 April 2016.
  105. ^ a b "Turks bewitch the Balkans with their addictive tv soaps". Balkan Insights. May 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-03.
  106. ^ "Macedonia bans Turkish tv series". Hurriyet Daily News. Archived from the original on 2013-10-20. Retrieved 2013-01-15.
  107. ^ "New Turkish Slavery?". Christopher Buxton. Archived from the original on 2012-01-23. Retrieved 2013-01-15.
  108. ^ "Turkish soap operas take Bulgaria by storm". Hürriyet Daily News. Archived from the original on 2014-02-25.
  109. ^ "Soap power: The sweeping success of Turkish television series". Oxford Business Group. 20 June 2012. Archived from the original on 2014-10-13.
  110. ^ "Retailers cashing in on Croatia´s obsession with Turkish soap". Croatian Times. 2010-09-30.
  111. ^ "Turkish "Soap" Power..." International Strategic Research Organization. Archived from the original on 2013-04-18.
  112. ^ "Απόφαση σταθμός: Τέλος, προς το παρόν, τα τούρκικα σίριαλ στην ελληνική τηλεόραση!". Athens magazine (in Greek). 2020-07-22. Retrieved 2021-05-19.
  113. ^ "Bishop Anthimos Lashes Turkish tv series Fans". Greek Reporter. 2012-10-30. Archived from the original on 2013-01-23. Retrieved 2013-01-15.
  114. ^ "Daze of Our Lives". Odyssey.gr. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2013-01-15.
  115. ^ "Τουρκικές σειρές: Ο χάρτης της ελληνοτουρκικής τηλεοπτικής... υφαλοκρηπίδας". 5 August 2020.
  116. ^ AUDIENȚE TV. Câți români au văzut primul episod din Vlad? Pro TV, cu peste jumătate de milion mai mult decât Antena 1, Pagina de Media, 26.02.2019
  117. ^ "O Hayat Benim dizisi Romanya'da uyarlanıyor!".
  118. ^ "'Aşk-ı Memnu' senaristlerinden Romanya'ya dava". Milliyet. 21 March 2019.
  119. ^ "Premiere of the Spanish remake of the Fatmagul series Alba". Turkish Series: Teammy. February 16, 2021.
  120. ^ "Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne başlattı, Kadın ve Kızım dizileri İspanya'yı Türk dizisi hayranı yaptı!". 23 June 2021.
  121. ^ "Antena 3 corta el penúltimo capítulo de 'Mujer' a sólo cinco minutos de su final". elespanol. July 20, 2021.
  122. ^ ""Infiel": Volkan, cerca de perder para siempre a Asya". mag.elcomercio. September 23, 2021.
  123. ^ "Caner Cindoruk dizideki karakteri Volkan hakkında konuştu - Sayfa 1".
  124. ^ "Eşcinsel karakter nedeniyle iptal edilen Türk yapımı Netflix dizisi İspanyol yapımı olarak yayınlanacak". Diken. August 25, 2021.
  125. ^ "Sen Çal Kapımı İspanya'da izlenme rekoru kırdı!". 20 August 2021.
  126. ^ "'Heridas', la adaptación de 'Mother', inicia su grabación para Atresmedia". 22 June 2021.
  127. ^ "Archived copy". www.todotvnews.com. Archived from the original on 2017-12-01.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  128. ^ "Kadın, Kızım ve Sadakatsiz dizilerinin İspanya başarısı, Medyapım'a büyük bir ortaklık fırsatı getirdi!". 21 April 2022.
  129. ^ "Medyapım İspanyol Mediapro ile ortak şirket kurdu". 21 April 2022.
  130. ^ "'Infiel' llega a su final en Turquía: No renueva por una tercera temporada". 8 February 2022.
  131. ^ "El final de 'Mi hija' ya tiene fecha en Antena 3". 22 September 2021.
  132. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-03-26. Retrieved 2021-08-27.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  133. ^ "Can Yaman: l'intervista in 100 secondi" – via www.youtube.com.
  134. ^ "Demet Özdemir: l'intervista a Verissimo in 100 secondi" – via www.youtube.com.
  135. ^ "Verissimo - I protagonisti di Cherry Season per la prima volta in Italia" – via www.youtube.com.
  136. ^ "Balotelli ile uyum sağlamak kolay değil". CNN Türk.
  137. ^ "Sevgili Geçmiş İtalya'da gönülleri fethetti". 9 July 2020.
  138. ^ ""Cesur ve Güzel" İtalya'da izleyiciyle buluştu". www.dizidoktoru.com/.
  139. ^ "Türk dizisi, Rusya'yı fethetti!".
  140. ^ "Черно-белая любовь". domashniy.ru. 29 August 2021.
  141. ^ "Rusya'da kırmızı-beyaz fırtına esmeye başladı". 3 September 2021.
  142. ^ ""Черная любовь" за кадром: сериал-феномен (ВИДЕО)".
  143. ^ "Rus TV Genel Müdürü: Türk dizileri olmadan yapamayız, fakat yeni Türk dizleri de bekliyoruz".
  144. ^ "Tuba Büyüküstün starred in the Russian commercial". 3 August 2021.
  145. ^ Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "Сериал "Осколки". 1 серия. 1 сезон". YouTube.
  146. ^ "Rusya ve Ukrayna'da sevilen Türk dizileri". ranini.tv.
  147. ^ "Узнай меня, если сможешь смотреть онлайн, 2014".
  148. ^ "Премьера сериала "На твоей стороне": какие еще знаменитые турецкие сериалы посмотреть".
  149. ^ "Dünyayı kasıp kavuran Türk dizileri Fransa'ya da geldi! "Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne?" Fransa'da yayınlanacak". 11 May 2018.
  150. ^ https://www.novelas.tv/
  151. ^ "Fatmagül'ün Suçu Ne Fransa'da en iyi yabancı dizi seçildi".
  152. ^ "Sweden's SVT buys hit Turkish drama". TBI Vision. 2012-09-27. Archived from the original on 2013-04-10.
  153. ^ "'The End' of Hollywood". Daily Sabah. 5 April 2013.
  154. ^ "Vlucht HS13: Ambitieuze serie met moeilijk plot".
  155. ^ "Türk dizisi 'Son' şimdi de Hollanda'da!". 4 May 2016.
  156. ^ "TV Review: 'Game of Silence'". 11 April 2016.
  157. ^ "Paula Patton Toplines ABC Pilot 'Runner'". 24 February 2015.
  158. ^ Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "45. Uluslararası Emmy Ödülleri | Kara Sevda En İyi Dizi". YouTube.
  159. ^ "Meet the actor who won Turkey's first Emmy Award for best performance - Al-Monitor: The Pulse of the Middle East".
  160. ^ a b c d e f g Tali, Didem (2016-09-08). "Why do South Americans love Turkish TV?". BBC News. Retrieved 2018-11-14.
  161. ^ a b c d "Turkish Drama is expanding around the World. How? | Prensario Internacional". Prensario Internacional (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-11-26.
  162. ^ "Hercai Landing on Telemundo in the U.S." worldscreen.com. 14 April 2021. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  163. ^ "Hercai: Love and revenge premieres in June: Where?". 17 May 2021. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  164. ^ @todotvnews. "Spotlight On: Exathlon, the Ultimate Physical Challenge from Turkey to LatAm". Todotvnews. Retrieved 2018-11-26.
  165. ^ "Taner Ölmez, Produ Awards'da 'En İyi Yabancı Erkek Oyuncu' ödülünü aldı!".
  166. ^ "Bir Zamanlar Çukurova, Produ Awards'da iki ödül kazandı!".
  167. ^ "Mucize Doktor mucizeler yaratmaya devam ediyor! HBO Max'in en çok izlenen dizisi oldu". 21 October 2021.
  168. ^ "Brezilyalılar sırf Sen Çal Kapımı izleyebilmek için HBO Max'e üye oluyor!". April 2022.
  169. ^ @MZ10112 (10 April 2022). "Sen Çal Kapimi took first place in the HBO Max's new top10 in Latin America💎👏🏻👏🏻🌟♥️It won first place ahead of th…" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  170. ^ "Animada com sucesso, HBO Max estica Sen Çal Kapimi até novembro". 10 April 2022.
  171. ^ "Sen Cal Kapimi (Será Isso Amor?) the Most Watched List in Latin America!". 26 March 2022.
  172. ^ BERLİN, Murat TOSUN. "'Binbir Gece', kanalı iflastan kurtardı". www.hurriyet.com.tr.
  173. ^ Varol, Ziyad (February 3, 2016). "The success story of Turkish TV series in Latin America". Daily Sabah.
  174. ^ "Brezilya'da ilk kez bir Türk dizisi yayınlanacak".
  175. ^ "6 anos depois: Saiba como estão os atores da novela turca da Band 'Fatmagul' atualmente". 8 January 2016.
  176. ^ "As novelas turcas de Mehmet Akif Alakurt mais esperadas por suas fãs no Brasil". 20 September 2016.
  177. ^ ""Sila" tem melhor primeira semana de novelas turcas na Band".
  178. ^ "SUCESSO! Novela vira fenômeno e conquista o 1º lugar entre os títulos da HBO Max Brasil | CinePOP Cinema". 6 May 2022.
  179. ^ "'Elif' Kolombiya'da en çok izlenen Türk dizisi oldu".
  180. ^ "Arjantin'de 6 Türk dizisi yayınlanıyor; Mucize Doktor rekorla başladı!". T24.
  181. ^ "Kanal D Drama, Latin Amerika'da büyümeye devam ediyor".
  182. ^ "Kara Para Aşk uyarlaması rekor kırdı!". www.dizidoktoru.com/.
  183. ^ "Meksikalılar Ezel dizisini yeniden çekti: Yago - Sayfa 1". CNN Türk.
  184. ^ "Şahsiyet'in Meksika uyarlaması: 'El Asesino Del Olvido'". esquire.
  185. ^ "Gecenin Kraliçesi dizisinin Meksika uyarlaması 18 Ocak'ta başlıyor".
  186. ^ MAG, NOTICIAS (2021-06-20). "The Blacklist: cuál es la verdadera identidad de Red / Raymond Reddington | Temporada 8 | Series de Netflix nnda nnlt | FAMA". Mag. (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-07-27.
  187. ^ "Arşivlenmiş kopya". Archived from the original on 14 May 2019. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  188. ^ "India is progressing and we need to show it on TV: Sanjay". Business Standard. Press Trust of India. 24 October 2017.
  189. ^ Vivarelli, Nick (May 21, 2021). "Why Turkish Dramas Are Conquering Hispanic Audiences in the U.S. on Univision (EXCLUSIVE)".
  190. ^ "Neslihan Atagül Doğulu, the Turkish actress that has conquered the Latino audience is back on primetime". 24 February 2021.
  191. ^ "Akin Akinözü, the Turkish heartthrob who will capture the hearts of Latinos in the U.S." 18 June 2021.
  192. ^ "A day with Turkish superstar and actress Tuba Büyüküstün". Hola. 13 July 2021.
  193. ^ "Ethiopia takes delight in watching Turkish Soap Opera". Nazret. November 13, 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  194. ^ Dizi Ekonomisi, from Sokagin Ekonomisi, broadcast on turkish television channel NTV in 2016]
  195. ^ Dizi Ekonomisi(Sokağın Ekonomisi, NTV, 2016);