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A twip (abbreviating "twentieth of a point", "twentieth of an inch point",[1] or "twentieth of an Imperial point" [citation needed]) is a typographical measurement, defined as 120 of a typographical point. One twip is 11440 inch, or 17.64 μm.[2]

In computing

Twips are screen-independent units to ensure that the proportion of screen elements are the same on all display systems. A twip is defined as being 11440 of an inch (approximately 17.64 μm).

A pixel is a screen-dependent unit, standing for 'picture element'. A pixel is a dot that represents the smallest graphical measurement on a screen. Twips are the default unit of measurement in Visual Basic (version 6 and earlier, prior to VB.NET). Converting between twips and screen pixels is achieved using the TwipsPerPixelX and TwipsPerPixelY properties[3] or the ScaleX and ScaleY methods.[4]

Twips can be used with Symbian OS bitmap images for automatic scaling from bitmap pixels to device pixels.[5] They are also used in Rich Text Format from Microsoft for platform-independent exchange and they are the base length unit in and its fork LibreOffice.

Flash internally specifies most sizes in units it calls twips, but which are really 120 of a logical pixel,[6] which is 34 of an actual twip.[7]

See also


  1. ^ The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing:
  2. ^ "Word 2007: Rich Text Format (RTF) Specification, version 1.9.1". Microsoft Corporation. 19 March 2008. p. 8. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  3. ^ "TwipsPerPixelX, TwipsPerPixelY Properties". 23 August 2006.
  4. ^ "ScaleX, ScaleY Methods". 23 August 2006.
  5. ^ Dueder, Janelle (December 20, 2020). "Blitting and bitmaps - Symbian OS C++". 25 Years of Programming.
  6. ^ "SWF FILE FORMAT SPECIFICATION" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-11-20.
  7. ^ Flash logical pixels are the same as HTML logical pixels, of which there are 96 to an inch, rather than 72