Two Establishes (Chinese: 两个确立) and Two Safeguards (Chinese: 两个维护) are two political slogans promoted by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) to reinforce CCP general secretary Xi Jinping's rule.[1][2] According to the CCP historical resolution, the Two Establishes are:[1]

  1. "To establish the status of Comrade Xi Jinping as the core of the Party’s Central Committee and of the whole Party"
  2. "To establish the guiding role of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for the New Era"

According to the Sixth Plenum of the 19th Central Committee of the CCP, the Two Safeguards are:[1]

  1. "Safeguard the 'core' status of General Secretary Xi Jinping within the CCP"
  2. "To safeguard the centralized authority of the Party"

During the 20th National Congress of the CCP, the Two Safeguards was added to the CCP Constitution.[3][4]

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Two Establishes". China Media Project. Archived from the original on 2022-07-29. Retrieved 2022-08-12.
  2. ^ Buckley, Chris (2021-11-16). "China's History Is Revised, to the Glory of Xi Jinping". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 2022-08-11. Retrieved 2022-08-12.
  3. ^ "Factbox: China's Communist Party amends its charter, strengthens Xi's power". Reuters. 2022-10-22. Retrieved 2022-10-24.
  4. ^ "中国共产党章程--中国共产党第二十次全国代表大会专题报道--人民网". People's Daily (in Chinese). Retrieved 2022-10-26.