European Champion Jersey
The European Champion Jersey
The European Champion Jersey
The original European Champions Jersey
The original European Champions Jersey until 2015


The European Track Cycling Championships are a set of elite level competition events held annually for the various disciplines and distances in track cycling, exclusively for European cyclists, and regulated by the European Cycling Union (UEC). They were first held in their current format in 2010, when elite level cyclists competed for the first time following an overhaul of European track cycling.

The UEC agreed with the governing bodies of six other major European sports from 2018 to integrate its four Olympic-class events, including track cycling, into the new European Championships event on a quadrennial basis. Beginning with 2018, every fourth edition of the competition will form part of the multi-sport event.

While track cycling also forms part of the 2019 European Games in Minsk, these events are not regarded as European Championships but as the Cycling programme of the European Games, and the UEC event will also be held later in the same year. Conversely, the events held in Glasgow in 2018, and Munich in 2022 as part of the multi-sport European Championships are treated as official UEA championships

In line with cycling tradition, winners of an event at the championships are presented with, in addition to the gold medal, a special, identifiable jersey. This UEC European Champion jersey is a white and blue jersey with gold stars. Gold stars on a blue background have been an identifiably European symbol since the adoption of the Flag of Europe by the Council of Europe.

The most successful nation since the inauguration of the elite event is Great Britain, the event's genesis coinciding with Britain's rise to dominance in world track cycling. The most successful individual rider in the history of the Elite event is Katie Archibald of Great Britain, who has won, as of the 2021 UEC European Track Championships, 17 European titles. Among nations in the championships, aside from Great Britain itself, only Russia, Germany, Netherlands and France have won more gold medals than Archibald.

Pre-History

The first European Track Championships were held in Berlin in 1886 and featured only 5 km and 10 km men's scratch races.[1]

Age group championships

Prior to 2010, championship events were run under the same name, but solely for junior and under-23 cyclists, and the 2010 event is recognised as the first elite level senior championships. Since 2010, separate annual European championships for under-23 and junior riders have continued, described explicitly as such.

European Track Cycling Championships have been held for junior and under-23 athletes for a long time, though records in earlier editions are incomplete. They provided useful experience for young riders with winners automatically qualifying to compete at the UCI Track Cycling World Championships in which no age limit applied, and the world's best track cyclists competed.[2]

A European Masters Track Championships also exists for riders over 35 years old.

Derny, Madison and Omnium championships

Men's European Track Championships for the "motor-paced" or "derny" track cycling discipline have been held since 1896. A separate European Madison championship event was also run for men.

Separate elite European Omnium Championships have been held since 1959, which were later incorporated into the senior European Track Championships on their introduction in 2010.[3][4]

Founding of the modern Elite Championships

In 2010 the UEC instigated a significant overhaul of how cyclists qualify for the Olympic Games. As a result, the European Championships was also introduced for elite level European cyclists. The first elite championships thereafter took place at the beginning of November 2010. It followed the same ten event schedule for the 2012 Olympics but also included the Madison "due to popular demand".[5]

The Under 23 and Junior championships thereafter were run as an annual separate event.

Competitions

Elite

Number Year Date Country City Velodrome Events
1 2010 5–7 November  Poland Pruszków BGŻ Arena 11
2 2011 21–23 October  Netherlands Apeldoorn Omnisport Apeldoorn 13
3 2012 19–21 October  Lithuania Panevėžys Cido Arena[6] 13
4 2013 18–20 October  Netherlands Apeldoorn Omnisport Apeldoorn[7] 13
5 2014 16–19 October  France Baie-Mahault, Guadeloupe Vélodrome Amédée Détraux 19
6 2015 14–18 October   Switzerland Grenchen Velodrome Suisse 21
7 2016 19–23 October  France Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines Vélodrome de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines 22
8 2017 18–22 October  Germany Berlin Velodrom 23
9 2018[a] 2–7 August  Great Britain Glasgow Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome 22
10 2019 16–20 October  Netherlands Apeldoorn Omnisport Apeldoorn 22
11 2020 11–15 November  Bulgaria Plovdiv Kolodruma 22
12 2021 5–9 October   Switzerland Grenchen Tissot Velodrome 22
13 2022[b] 12–16 August  Germany Munich Neue Messe München 22
14 2023 TBA  Russia Tula Tula Velodrome 22

All-time medal table (2010–2021)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Great Britain45202287
2 Russia31303293
3 Netherlands28202270
4 Germany27352688
5 France22252168
6 Italy16181751
7 Spain94619
8 Poland8111736
9 Denmark88319
10 Lithuania63817
11 Belgium512522
12 Czech Republic52613
13 Ukraine481325
14 Portugal37515
  Switzerland37515
16 Belarus27615
17 Austria1012
18 Greece0336
19 Ireland0246
20 Hungary0101
21 Romania0011
Totals (21 nations)223223223669

Juniors and U23's and Open Omnium

Main article: UEC European Track Championships (under-23 & junior)

Exclude Men's Open Madison events from 2001-2009 and include Open Omnium events from 2001–2009.

Number Year Country City Events
as European Track Championships
1 2001  Czech Republic
 Italy
Brno (Under 23)
Fiorenzuola d'Arda (Junior)
25
2 2002  Germany Buttgen 27
3 2003  Russia Moscow 32
4 2004  Spain Valencia 32
5 2005  Italy Fiorenzuola d'Arda 32
6 2006  Greece Athens 32
7 2007  Germany Cottbus 33
8 2008  Poland Pruszków 37
9 2009  Belarus Minsk 37
as UEC European Track Championships (under-23 & junior)
10 2010  Russia Saint Petersburg 38
11 2011  Portugal Anadia 38
12 2012  Portugal Anadia 38
13 2013  Portugal Anadia 38
14 2014  Portugal Anadia 38
15 2015  Greece Athens 38
16 2016  Italy Montichiari 38
17 2017  Portugal Sangalhos 44
18 2018   Switzerland Aigle 44
19 2019  Belgium Ghent 44
20 2020  Italy Fiorenzuola d'Arda 44
21 2021  Netherlands Apeldoorn 44

All-time medal table (2001-2020)

Exclude Men's Open Madison events from 2001-2009 and include Open Omnium events from 2001–2009.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Russia146127118391
2 Italy905361204
3 Germany868374243
4 France849779260
5 Great Britain837268223
6 Netherlands464958153
7 Poland396568172
8 Ukraine37231676
9 Belgium30333194
10 Czech Republic24273990
11  Switzerland16212158
12 Denmark1012830
13 Spain8122545
14 Belarus891835
15 Lithuania6151738
16 Greece46818
17 Portugal312621
18 Ireland29617
19 Latvia2125
20 Armenia2002
21 Moldova1214
22 Slovakia1102
23 Slovenia1001
 Turkey1001
25 Austria0123
Totals (25 nations)7307307262186

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill (2011). Historical Dictionary of Cycling. Scarecrow Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-8108-7175-5.
  2. ^ "UK European Track Championships team". Cycling News. 11 July 2001. Retrieved 11 September 2008.
  3. ^ "European Championship, Track, Omnium, Elite". www.cyclingarchives.com.
  4. ^ "European Championship, Track, Omnium, Elite (F)". www.cyclingarchives.com.
  5. ^ "European Track Championships". Track Cycling News. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
  6. ^ "2012 m. Europos dviračių treko čempionatas vyks Panevėžyje". delfi.lt.
  7. ^ "2013 Calendar". uec-federation.eu. Archived from the original on 29 December 2012.