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Revised RomanizationWang Hu, Wang Sukhu
McCune–ReischauerWang Hu, Wang Sŏk'u
Courtesy name
Revised RomanizationUicheon

Uicheon (28 September 1055 – 5 October 1101) was a Korean Buddhist monk who founded the Cheontae school of Buddhism.[1] He was the son of King Munjong of Goryeo.[2] He lived at Ryongtongsa in Kaesong for much of his life and was buried there, where his tomb can be found today.

From 1073 to 1090 he collected Tripiṭaka commentaries from Korea, China, the Khitan Empire and Japan, which were published as the "Goryeo Catalog of Sutras" (or "Goryeo Supplement to the Canon").[3]

Guksa was his title (‘National Preceptor’), while Daegak was his posthumous Dharma name, meaning "Grand Enlightenment".


Uicheon was born as the fouth son of Munjong of Goryeo, and his mom was Queen Inye of the Incheon Lee clan.[4] His secular name was hu(煦).[4] At age 11, he volunteered to become a buddhist monk.[4] In the year 1065 he studied at yeongtongsa(靈通寺) under buddhist monk gyeongdeok guksa and studied the buddhist and confucianist canons.[4]

See also


  1. ^ Buswell, Robert Jr; Lopez, Donald S. Jr., eds. (2013). Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. pp. 912–913. ISBN 9780691157863.
  2. ^ Jae-eun Kang (2006). The Land of Scholars: Two Thousand Years of Korean Confucianism. Homa & Sekey Books. p. 108. ISBN 978-1-931907-37-8.
  3. ^ Sang-jin Park (18 September 2014). Under the Microscope: The Secrets of the Tripitaka Koreana Woodblocks. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 23. ISBN 978-1-4438-6732-0.
  4. ^ a b c d