This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Ukrainian. (October 2011) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Ukrainian article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing Ukrainian Wikipedia article at [[:uk:Ульцька мова]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|uk|Ульцька мова)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Нāн'и хэсэни
Native toRussia
RegionKhabarovskiy Kray
Ethnicity2,800 Ulch (2010 census)[1]
Native speakers
150 (2010 census)[1]
  • Southern
    • Nanai group
      • Ulch
Language codes
ISO 639-3ulc

The Ulch language, or Olcha, is a Tungusic language spoken by the Ulch people in the Russian Far East.



Front Central Back
Close i u
Mid ɪ ~ e ə ʊ ~ o
Open a


Labial Alveolar Alveolo-
Palatal Velar Uvular
voiceless p t t͡ɕ k (q)
voiced b d d͡ʑ ɡ
Fricative voiceless (f) s x (χ)
voiced β (ɣ)
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Lateral l
Rhotic r
Approximant (w) j


А а (ā) Б б В в Г г Д д Д’ д’ Е е
(ē) Ё ё (ё̄) Ж ж З з И и (ӣ) Й й
К к Л л М м Н н Н’ н’ Ӈ ӈ О о (ō)
П п Р р С с Т т У у (ӯ) Ф ф Х х
Ц ц Ч ч Ш ш Щ щ ъ Ы ы ь Э э
(э̄) Ю ю (ю̄) Я я (я̄)

In brackets are letters that are used in writing, though not officially included in the alphabet.


  1. ^ a b Ulch at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Sunik, 1985