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United States Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence & Security
Seal of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence & Security
Flag of an Under Secretary of Defense
Incumbent
Ronald Moultrie

since June 1, 2021
United States Department of Defense
Office of the Secretary of Defense
StyleMr. Under Secretary
Reports to
NominatorSecretary of Defense
AppointerPresident of the United States
with Senate advice and consent
Formation11 March 2003
First holderStephen Cambone
SuccessionFourth in Secretary of Defense succession
DeputyPrincipal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence & Security
SalaryExecutive Schedule, Level III
Websiteousdi.defense.gov

The under secretary of defense for intelligence & security or USD(I&S) is a high-ranking civilian position in the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) within the U.S. Department of Defense that acts as the principal civilian advisor and deputy to the secretary of defense and deputy secretary of defense on matters relating to military intelligence & security. The under secretary is appointed as a civilian by the president and confirmed by the Senate to serve at the pleasure of the president.[1]

In 2019, Congress renamed the office to Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security or USD(I&S) as part of the FY2020 National Defense Authorization Act.[2][3]

Overview

The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence & Security (OUSD(I&S)) is the principal staff element of the Department of Defense for all matters regarding intelligence, counterintelligence, security, sensitive activities, and other intelligence & security related matters. As the secretary of defense's representative, the USD(I&S) exercises oversight over, among others, the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), the National Security Agency (NSA), and the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency (DCSA). In addition, the Under Secretary is also dual-hatted, serving as the Director of Defense Intelligence (DDI) under the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI);[4] in this capacity, the Under Secretary is principal defense intelligence & security advisor to the DNI.[3] With the rank of Under Secretary, the USD(I&S) is a Defense Intelligence Senior Executive Service (DISES) Level III position within the Executive Schedule. Since January 2020, the annual rate of pay for Level III is $181,500.

History

The position of under secretary of defense for intelligence was originally created by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 in the aftermath of the September 11 terror attacks to better coordinate Department-wide intelligence & security activities. It also became second in the line of succession for the secretary of Defense, after the deputy secretary of defense, after an executive order was made by President George W. Bush on 22 December 2005. When it was created, the legislation described it as taking precedence in the Department behind the under secretary for personnel and readiness.[1][5]

On 23 November 2005, a Department of Defense Directive was made by Secretary Rumsfeld that stated that the under secretary shall serve as the secretary's primary representative to the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. It also stated the under secretary shall provide policy and oversight on the training and career development of personnel in the Department of Defense's counterterrorism, intelligence, and security components. The under secretary has the duty of finding candidates to be nominated to serve as directors of the Defense Intelligence Agency, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, the National Reconnaissance Office, the National Security Agency, and the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency and directly overseeing their performance.

The USD(I&S) became a dual-hatted position as director of defense intelligence, acting as the primary military intelligence & security advisor to the DNI. This additional position follows a May 2007 memorandum of agreement between Secretary of Defense Robert Gates and Director of National Intelligence John Michael McConnell to create the position.[4] In 2006 the incoming Secretary of Defense Robert Gates eschewed the idea of "off-line intelligence organizations or analytical groups".[6]

Reporting officials

Officials reporting to the USD(I&S) include:

Office of the Under Secretary

The under secretary leads the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence & Security (OUSD(I&S)). A unit of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, OUSD(I&S) exercises planning, policy, and strategic oversight over all Department of Defense intelligence, counterintelligence, and security matters. OUSD(I) serves as the primary representative of the Defense Department to the director of national intelligence and other members of the United States Intelligence Community.

The work of OUSD(I&S) is conducted through its several staff directorates, including:

Budget

Budget totals

The annual budget for the USD(I&S) is contained in the Office of the Secretary of Defense's (OSD) budget, under the Defense-Wide Operation and Maintenance (O&M) account.

USD Intelligence Budget, FY 10–12 ($ in thousands) [7]
Line item FY10 actual FY11 estimate FY12 request
Core OSD Operating Program[8]
Civilian Pay and Benefits, USD (I) 32,516 38,406 32,891
Program Structure[9]
Intelligence Mission 55,461 85,796 74,315
International Intelligence Technology 11,519 80,643 80,548
Defense Civilian Intelligence Personnel System 4,198 2,392 2,047
Joint Military Deception Initiative 2,840 3,064 4,458
Travel 1,458 1,750 1,571
Overseas Contingency Operations[10]
OCO OUSD (Intel) 57,849 0 0
Totals
Total budget 165,841 212,051 194,416

Budget features

Office holders

Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence[11]
Portrait Name Tenure SecDef(s) served under President(s) served under
Stephen Cambone 11 March 2003 – 31 December 2006 Donald Rumsfeld
Robert Gates
George W. Bush
James R. Clapper 15 April 2007 – 9 August 2010 Robert Gates George W. Bush
Barack Obama
Michael G. Vickers 16 March 2011 – 30 April 2015[12] Robert Gates
Leon Panetta
Chuck Hagel
Ashton Carter
Barack Obama
Marcel Lettre 1 May 2015 – 20 January 2017 Ashton Carter
Joseph D. Kernan 1 December 2017 – 10 November 2020[13] James Mattis
Mark Esper
Donald Trump
Ezra Cohen-Watnick (Acting) 10 November 2020 – 20 January 2021 Christopher C. Miller (acting)
David M. Taylor (Acting) 20 January 2021 – June 1, 2021 Lloyd Austin Joe Biden
Ronald Moultrie June 1, 2021 - present

References

  1. ^ a b "getdoc.cgi" (PDF). Retrieved 22 September 2007.
  2. ^ "Defense Intelligence and Security Review" (PDF). gao.gov. GAO. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  3. ^ a b Michael E. DeVine (30 December 2020). Defense Primer: Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security (Report). Congressional Research Service. p. 1. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence to be Dual-hatted as Director of Defense Intelligence," DNI News Release, May 24, 2007 Archived 19 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Executive Order: Providing An Order of Succession Within the Department of Defense". Office of the Press Secretary. Retrieved 22 December 2005.
  6. ^ Castelli, Christopher J. “Incoming Defense Secretary to Rein in Pentagon Intelligence Post.” Inside the Pentagon, vol. 22, no. 49, Inside Washington Publishers, 2006, pp. 17–18, JSTOR website Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  7. ^ "Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Budget Estimates, Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD)" (PDF). Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), OSD. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 October 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
  8. ^ Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Budget Estimates, Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), p.664
  9. ^ Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Budget Estimates, Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), p.697-707
  10. ^ Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Budget Estimates, Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), p.714
  11. ^ "Department of Defense Key Officials" (PDF). Historical Office, OSD. 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  12. ^ "Vickers Stepping Down as Undersecretary for Intelligence". U.S. Department of Defense.
  13. ^ Seligman, Lara; Lippman, Daniel (10 November 2020). "Pentagon's top policy official resigns after clashing with the White House". POLITICO. Retrieved 10 November 2020.