United Democratic Party
LeaderMetbah Lyngdoh
PresidentMetbah Lyngdoh
SecretaryH. A. D. Sawian
Parliamentary ChairpersonMetbah Lyngdoh
HeadquartersMawlai Nonglum, Shillong-793008 Meghalaya.[1]
ECI StatusState Party[2]
AllianceMDA(2018- Present)
Seats in Meghalaya Legislative Assembly
12 / 60
Election symbol
Party flag

The United Democratic Party is a political party recognised in Meghalaya state, India. It is now led by Metbah Lyngdoh. It was started by E. K. Mawlong.

The Flag of the party shall be of three vertical colours with scarlet red colour at the extreme left nearest to the flag post, parrot green colour at the extreme right and white colour at the middle signifying respectively courage, valour and sacrifice (Scarlet Red), sincerity, honesty, integrity (White) and hope, hard work, survival (Green).[1]


In 1998, B. B. Lyngdoh was sworn in as Chief Minister of Meghalaya with the support of his erstwhile rival, the Indian National Congress. UDP won 20 MLAs in the 60-member house and with 26 MLAs Indian National Congress was senior partner in the Alliance. There was a power-sharing agreement between the UDP and Indian National Congress to share the Chief position for two and a half years each. D. D. Lapang was named Deputy Chief Minister of Meghalaya.[3][4]

In 2000, E. K. Mawlong succeeded B. B. Lyngdoh as the Chief Minister of Meghalaya. Mawlong in his 18-month tenure was embroiled in a scandal stemming from the construction of Meghalaya House in Kolkata. Bharatiya Janata Party and Nationalist Congress Party withdrew their support for Mawlong and he was forced to step down from office in December 2001.[5][6][7][8]

Meghalaya Progressive Alliance

In 2008, UDP formed Meghalaya Progressive Alliance along with Nationalist Congress Party, Hill State People's Democratic Party, Khun Hynniewtrep National Awakening Movement, Bharatiya Janata Party and along with two Independents.[9][10]

Despite being the largest party, the Nationalist Congress Party gave up the Chief Minister post to UDP in order to achieve stability in the Government. There are also some reports of a power-sharing agreement between the UDP and NCP to share the Chief Minister position for two and a half years each.[11]

Dr. Donkupar Roy was named the Chief Minister of Meghalaya with the support of 31 members in the 60 member Assembly.

In May 2009, the United Democratic Party and the Hill State People's Democratic Party had left the Progressive Alliance and government collapsed.

North-East Democratic Alliance

In May 2016, after the Bharatiya Janata Party led National Democratic Alliance formed its first government in Assam, and formed a new alliance called the North-East Democratic Alliance (NEDA) non-Congress parties from the northeast with Himanta Biswa Sarma as its convener. The Chief Ministers of the north eastern states of Sikkim, Assam and Nagaland too belong to this alliance.[12]

In March 2018, The NPP came second behind Indian National Congress by winning 19 seats in the 2018 Meghalaya legislative assembly election.[13] Conrad Sangma staked claim to form government with a letter of support from the 34 MLAs, that included 19 from NPP, 6 from United Democratic Party, 4 from People's Democratic Front, two each from Hill State People's Democratic Party and Bharatiya Janata Party, and an independent.[14][15]

Dr. Donkupar Roy was elected as Speaker of Meghalaya Legislative Assembly along with Metbah Lyngdoh, Kyrmen Shylla and Lahkmen Rymbui sworn in as minister in the Conrad Sangma government.[16]

In February 2019, United Democratic Party was one of the few parties who left North-East Democratic Alliance (NEDA) over the controversial Citizenship (Amendment) Bill.[17][18][19]

In 2019, Metbah Lyngdoh was elected president of the party after the death of Donkupar Roy and he was also named speaker of the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly.[20]

Electoral performance

Election Year Overall votes % of overall votes seats contested seats won +/- in seats +/- in vote share Sitting side
Meghalaya Legislative Assembly
226,026 26.99
20 / 60
Steady Steady Left
2003 144,255 15.99
09 / 60
Decrease 11 Decrease 11 Left
2008 202,511 18.37 53
11 / 60
Increase 2 Increase 2.38 Right
2013 225,676 17.1
08 / 60
Decrease 3 Decrease 1.27 Left
2018 183,005 11.6 27
06 / 60
Decrease 2 Decrease 5.5 Right
2023 300,747 16.21 46
11 / 60
Increase 5 Increase 4.61 Right

List of presidents

No. Portrait Name
Term in office
Assumed office Left office Time in office
1 E. K. Mawlong 1997 2004 7 years,
3 Donkupar Roy 2004 2019 15 years
3 Metbah Lyngdoh 11 September 2019 Incumbent 3 years, 345 days

List of chief ministers


  1. ^ a b "Constitution of The United Democratic Party" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
  2. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 10.03.2014" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  3. ^ B.B. Lyngdoh back again as Meghalaya CM with erstwhile rival Congress support
  4. ^ BB Lyngdoh passes away
  5. ^ Once more in Meghalaya
  6. ^ Former Meghalaya Chief Minister EK Mawlong dies
  7. ^ Former Meghalaya CM E K Mawlong dies
  8. ^ EK Mawlong passes away
  9. ^ "Lapang sworn in Meghalaya CM, MPA to move SC". Ibnlive.in.com. 10 May 2011. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  10. ^ "Lapang Govt falls in Meghalaya, Roy appointed CM". Ibnlive.in.com. 17 May 2019. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  11. ^ "UDP-NCP, Cong stake claim to form govt in Meghalaya". Ibnlive.in.com. 17 May 2019. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  12. ^ "Amit Shah holds meeting with northeast CMs, forms alliance". Hindustan Times. 25 May 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2019.
  13. ^ "Hung Assembly in Meghalaya, Congress single largest party". The Hindu. 3 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  14. ^ "Meghalaya assembly elections 2018: NPP-led alliance all set to form govt". Mint. 5 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  15. ^ "Congress outsmarted in Meghalaya, Conrad Sangma to be sworn in March 6". The Hindu. Press Trust of India. 4 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  16. ^ Donkupar Roy is new Meghalaya Speaker
  17. ^ UDP exits BJP-led NEDA in Meghalaya over Citizenship Bill
  18. ^ Meghalaya party quits BJP-led NEDA over Citizenship Bill
  19. ^ Meghalaya Party Exits BJP-Led Northeast Front Over Citizenship Bill
  20. ^ Metbah Lyngdoh elected president of United Democratic Party