United Federal Party
Founded1957
Dissolved1963
Merger ofFederal Party
United Rhodesia Party
Merged intoCentre Party
Succeeded byNational Progressive Party
Nyasaland Constitutional Party
Rhodesia National Party
HeadquartersSalisbury
IdeologyConservatism
Liberalism
Political positionCentre-right

The United Federal Party (UFP) was a political party in the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.

History

The UFP was formed in November 1957 by a merger of the Federal Party, which had operated at the federal level, and the Southern Rhodesian United Rhodesia Party.[1][2] However, after conservative elements gained control of the party, the liberal faction led by Garfield Todd broke away to re-establish the United Rhodesia Party.[3]

In the 1958 general election in Southern Rhodesia, the UFP won 17 of the 30 seats, despite receiving fewer votes than the Dominion Party, whilst the URP failed to win a seat. In the federal election in November 1958, the UFP won 46 of the 59 seats.

General elections in Northern Rhodesia in March 1959 saw the UFP win 13 of the 20 elected seats. In the August 1961 elections in Nyasaland the Malawi Congress Party won 22 seats (including two upper roll seats) and the UFP five (all from the upper roll).

The next federal elections in March 1962 were boycotted by all other parties, allowing the UFP to win 54 of the 57 seats. However, that was the end of the UFP's success. In the Northern Rhodesian general elections in September the UFP won the most seats, but the Northern Rhodesian African National Congress, which held the balance of power, went back on a secret pact its leader Harry Nkumbula had made with the UFP and allowed the United National Independence Party to form the government. General elections in Southern Rhodesia in December 1962 saw the UFP defeated by the new Rhodesian Front; the UFP winning 29 seats to the Front's 35.

In April 1963, the party was split into four; the federal branch was rebranded as the Federal Party and continued to be led by Roy Welensky, whilst the territorial branches became the National Progressive Party in Northern Rhodesia, the Nyasaland Constitutional Party in Nyasaland and the Rhodesia National Party in Southern Rhodesia, where it was led by Edgar Whitehead.[4][5] The federation was dissolved at the end of 1963.

References

  1. ^ Assa Okoth (2006) A History of Africa: African nationalism and the de-colonisation process, East African Publishers, p108
  2. ^ Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, United Federal Party Political Parties: A Cross-National Survey
  3. ^ Gabriel Abraham Almond & James Smoot Coleman (2015) The Politics of the Developing Areas, Princeton University Press, p312
  4. ^ JRT Wood (2012) So Far and No Further!: Rhodesia's Bid for Independence During the Retreat from Empire 1959-1965, Trafford Publishing, p146[self-published source]
  5. ^ "U.F.P. Takes New Form: Four Separate Parties", East Africa and Rhodesia, 25 April 1963, p729