UN Security Council
Resolution 1907
Eritrea
Date23 December 2009
Meeting no.6,254
CodeS/RES/1907 (Document)
SubjectPeace and security in Africa
Voting summary
  • 13 voted for
  • 1 voted against
  • 1 abstained
ResultAdopted
Security Council composition
Permanent members
Non-permanent members

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1907, adopted on December 23, 2009, imposed an arms embargo on Eritrea, travel bans on its leaders, and froze the assets of some of the country's political and military officials after accusing the Eritrean government of aiding Al-Shabaab in Somalia and reportedly refusing to withdraw troops from its disputed border with Djibouti, following a conflict in 2008.[1] The African Union and other organisations had been calling on the Security Council to sanction Eritrea for several months.[1]

The resolution was tabled by Uganda, and Burkina Faso led the proceeding. It was adopted by 13 votes in favor, with Libya voting against and one abstention from China.[1] Both countries said that sanctions were not an effective method for reconciliation.[2]

Eritrean Ambassador Araya Desta condemned the resolution, calling it "shameful" and a "fabrication of lies" by the United States and "Ethiopian regime", and stated it would not affect the country. He also denied Eritrean support of Somali militants, stating that "Somalis are our brothers".[3][4] At the same time, ambassadors from Somalia and Djibouti strongly supported the outcome.[5]

The African Union, an ardent supporter of the Somali government, had called on the Security Council to impose the sanctions. Eritrea withdrew from the African Union in protest.[citation needed]

Subsequent events

The sanctions were reinforced on 5 December 2011.[6] On July 16, 2012, a United Nations Monitoring Group report stated that "it had found no evidence of direct Eritrean support for al Shabaab in the past year."[7] In October 2012, the Eritrean government has called for the lifting of the sanctions in light of the news stating that China, Russia, and South Africa have expressed support for them to be lifted.[8] In 2017, United Nations experts wrote: "Given that the Monitoring Group has been unable to find conclusive evidence of Eritrean support for Al-Shabaab in Somalia for four consecutive mandates, the Group recommends that the Security Council consider disassociating the sanction regimes for Eritrea and Somalia."[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Aziakou, Gerard (December 23, 2009). "UN slaps sanctions on Eritrea". AFP.
  2. ^ ""Security Council should act prudently in imposing sanctions," Chinese envoy says". Xinhua News Agency. December 24, 2009. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
  3. ^ "Eritrea Says It Won't Affect UN's Sanction". Angola Press. December 24, 2009.
  4. ^ "UN sanctions shameful, says Eritrea". BBC News. December 24, 2009.
  5. ^ Chhor, Atitya; Roth, Richard (December 24, 2009). "U. N. Security Council hits Eritrea with sanctions". CNN.
  6. ^ Security Council, by Vote of 13 in Favour, Adopts Resolution Reinforcing Sanctions Regime against Eritrea ‘Calibrated’ to Halt All Activities Destabilizing Region
  7. ^ "Eritrea reduces support for al Shabaab - U.N. report". Reuters. July 16, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2012.
  8. ^ "Eritrea call for Lifting of Sanctions". Voice of America. October 17, 2012. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
  9. ^ Abdur Rahman Alfa Shaban (10 November 2018). "Eritrean 'support' for Al-Shabaab baseless, U.N. experts want sanctions lifted". AfricaNews.com. Retrieved 14 November 2018.