United States Alien Terrorist Removal Court
LocationWashington, D.C.
Appeals toDistrict of Columbia Circuit
Established1996
AuthorityArticle III court
Created byAntiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996
8 U.S.C. §§ 15311537
Composition methodChief Justice appointment
Judges5
Judge term length5 years
Chief JudgeJames Boasberg

The United States Alien Terrorist Removal Court is a special court in the United States created in 1996 that has never conducted proceedings. It consists of five Article III judges, selected by the Chief Justice of the United States.[1] Its job is to determine whether aliens (non-citizens) should be deported from the United States on the grounds that they are terrorists.[2]

The Court is modeled after the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, and was created by Pub. L.Tooltip Public Law (United States) 104–132 (text) (PDF), the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, codified at 8 U.S.C. §§ 15311537.

The court has never received an application from the Attorney General for the removal of an alien terrorist, and has therefore conducted no proceedings.[3]

Current composition of the court

As of 2023:[4]

Judge Judicial district Date appointed Term expiry
James Boasberg District of Columbia 2020 2025
Louis Guirola Jr. Southern District of Mississippi 2021 2026
Joan N. Ericksen District of Minnesota 2023 2028
2 seats vacant

Former judges

As of 2023:[4]

Judge Judicial district Date appointed Term expiry
Alfred M. Wolin District of New Jersey 1996 2004
Earl Hamblin Carroll District of Arizona 1996 2006
David Dudley Dowd Jr. Northern District of Ohio 1996 2014
Michael Anthony Telesca Western District of New York 1996 2015
William Clark O'Kelley Northern District of Georgia 1996 2017
James Chris Cacheris Eastern District of Virginia 2005 2016
Harold Baker Central District of Illinois 2008 2018
Rosemary M. Collyer District of Columbia 2016 2020
James Parker Jones Western District of Virginia 2016 2021
Thomas B. Russell Western District of Kentucky 2016 2021
Anne C. Conway Middle District of Florida 2017 2022
Michael W. Mosman District of Oregon 2018 2023
Liam O'Grady Eastern District of Virginia 2021 2023

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Alien Terrorist Removal Court Members Selected". The Third Branch. September 1996. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
  2. ^ Linda Greenhouse (August 7, 2013). "Too Much Work?". Opinionator blog—A Gathering of Opinion From Around the Web. The New York Times. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
  3. ^ ""Alien Terrorist Removal Court, 1996-present"".
  4. ^ a b "Alien Terrorist Removal Court: Judges". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved March 19, 2023.

References